WoRMS taxon details

Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894

129629  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129629)

accepted
Genus
Spirillum Oken, 1807 · unaccepted
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Saint-Joseph, Arthur d'Anthoine de. (1894). Les Annélides polychètes des côtes de Dinard. Troisième Partie. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, Série 7.</em> 17: 1-395, plates I-XIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35662416
page(s): 350, plate 13, figure 387; note: Dinard [details]   
Note The type by monotypy is Circeis armoricana....  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type by monotypy is Circeis armoricana. Hartman (catalogue, 1959: 570) lists only C. armoricana as a Circeis species. However, Fauchald (1977) lists the type species of Circeis as being Serpula spirillum Linnaeus, but this is impossible as Saint-Joseph created Circeis as a monotypic genus for Circeis armoricana. The explanation for the error is that at the time Fauchald was publishing his guide to genera Circeis armoricana had become considered a synonym of Serpula spirillum. This is no longer the situation, and they are distinct according to Rzhavsky et al (2014). Even if C. armoricana was a synonym of Serpula spirillum it would remain type species of Circeis. Type species are permanent and are unaffected by their possible synonymies. [details]
Etymology Not known. Saint-Joseph gives no information on the derivation. It is perhaps unlikely to be a modification of Circe, the...  
Etymology Not known. Saint-Joseph gives no information on the derivation. It is perhaps unlikely to be a modification of Circe, the sorceress in Homer's Odyssey. The only other apparent use of the word in taxonomy outside of the annelid genus is for a Nymphalidae butterfly, Acraea circeis Drury 1782. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2022). World Polychaeta Database. Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129629 on 2022-06-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-04 06:49:09Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2020-10-31 03:12:23Z
changed
2022-02-17 02:08:44Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Saint-Joseph, Arthur d'Anthoine de. (1894). Les Annélides polychètes des côtes de Dinard. Troisième Partie. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, Série 7.</em> 17: 1-395, plates I-XIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35662416
page(s): 350, plate 13, figure 387; note: Dinard [details]   

original description  (of Spirillum Oken, 1807) Oken, Lorenz. (1807). Stud. den 23 Julius 1807 [Meeting report of the Academy]. <em>Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen unter der Aufsicht der königlichen Gesellschaft zu Wissenschaften.</em> 2 (117): 1161-1168., available online at http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?PPN319721507_1807
page(s): 1168; note: Genus name only? [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Rzhavsky, Alexander V.; Kupriyanova, Elena K.; Sikorski, Andrei V.; Dahle, Salve. (2014). Calcareous tubeworms (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) of the Arctic Ocean. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. 191 p. [ISBN 978-5-87317-988-6]., available online at http://www.sevin.ru/menues1/index_rus.html?../news/739.html
page(s): 77-83; note: Descriptions of both Circeis armoricana, and Circeis spirillum [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 150; note: Fauchald lists the type species of Circeis as being Serpula spirillum Linnaeus, but this is impossible as Saint-Joseph created Circeis as a monotypic genus for Circeis armoricana. The explanation is t...  
Fauchald lists the type species of Circeis as being Serpula spirillum Linnaeus, but this is impossible as Saint-Joseph created Circeis as a monotypic genus for Circeis armoricana. The explanation is that at the time C. armoricana had become considered a synonym of Serpula spirillum. They are distinct according to Rzhavsky (2014)
 [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Knight-Jones, P.; Knight-Jones, E. W. (1977). Taxonomy and ecology of British Spirorbidae (Polychaeta). <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 57(2): 453-499., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s002531540002186x [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not known. Saint-Joseph gives no information on the derivation. It is perhaps unlikely to be a modification of Circe, the sorceress in Homer's Odyssey. The only other apparent use of the word in taxonomy outside of the annelid genus is for a Nymphalidae butterfly, Acraea circeis Drury 1782. [details]

Type species The type by monotypy is Circeis armoricana. Hartman (catalogue, 1959: 570) lists only C. armoricana as a Circeis species. However, Fauchald (1977) lists the type species of Circeis as being Serpula spirillum Linnaeus, but this is impossible as Saint-Joseph created Circeis as a monotypic genus for Circeis armoricana. The explanation for the error is that at the time Fauchald was publishing his guide to genera Circeis armoricana had become considered a synonym of Serpula spirillum. This is no longer the situation, and they are distinct according to Rzhavsky et al (2014). Even if C. armoricana was a synonym of Serpula spirillum it would remain type species of Circeis. Type species are permanent and are unaffected by their possible synonymies. [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 095400)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]