WoRMS taxon details

Solenosmilia variabilis Duncan, 1873

135168  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135168)

accepted
Species
Solenosmilia jeffreyi Alcock, 1898 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Duncan PM. (1873). A description of the Madreporaria dredged up during the Expeditions of H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. <em>Transactions of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 8: 303-344, pls. 39-49. [details]   
Note Recent: off Spain, 1190-2003 m  
Type locality Recent: off Spain, 1190-2003 m [details]
Depth range 220-2165 m  
Depth range 220-2165 m [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan  
Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Distribution in Nova Scotia waters  
Distribution in Nova Scotia waters [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Solenosmilia variabilis Duncan, 1873. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135168 on 2022-06-30
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2018-08-07 07:43:01Z
changed
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed
2022-06-20 07:43:57Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Duncan PM. (1873). A description of the Madreporaria dredged up during the Expeditions of H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. <em>Transactions of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 8: 303-344, pls. 39-49. [details]   

original description  (of Solenosmilia jeffreyi Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Bermuda) Cairns SD. (2001). A generic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the Dendrophylliidae (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 615: 1-75., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.615 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Breeze, H., D.S. Davis, M. Butler, and V. Kostylev. 1997. Distribution and status of deep sea corals off Nova Scotia. Ecology Action Centre. Halifax. 58 p. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>
page(s): 608 [details]   

additional source Vine, P. (1986). Red Sea Invertebrates. Immel Publishing, London. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Keller NB. (1993). New taxa and distributional records of azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the tropical south-west Indian Ocean, with comments on their zoogeography and ecology. <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 103(5): 213-292, 13 pls. [details]   

additional source Jensen, A. & R. Frederiksen, 1992. The fauna associated with the bank-forming deepwater coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) on the Faroe shelf. Sarsia 77 1: 53-69.
page(s): 60 [details]   

additional source Dawson, E.W., 1992. The Coelenterata of the New Zealand region: a handlist for curators, students and ecologists. Occ. Pap. Hutton Found., New Zealand 1 : 1-68.
page(s): 44 [details]   

additional source Pourtalès, L.F. de, 1878. Corals. In: Report on the Dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the United States Coast Survey Steamer "Blake", Lieutenant-Commander C.D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., commanding. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv. 5 9: 197-212.
page(s): 206, 212, Pl. I [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 24 [details]   

additional source Robertson R. (1970). Review of the predators and parasites of stony Corals, with special reference to symbiotic Prosobranch Gastropods. <i>Pacific Science 24 (1)</i>: 43-54
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD. (1998). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 18(4): 361-417. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (2004). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 56(3): 259-329. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1995). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa. <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Memoir.</em> 103: 1-210. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1977). A checklist of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Gulf of Mexico, with the description of a new species. <em>Gulf Research Reports.</em> 6 (1): 9-15., available online at https://aquila.usm.edu/gcr/vol6/iss1/2/ [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., 1981. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States. Scleractinia. NOAA Tech. Rept. NMFS Circ. 438: l4 pp., l6 figs.  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Häussermann V, Försterra G. (2005). A review of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Chile, with the description of two new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1018: 15-46. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Zibrowius H. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 59 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Pourtalès, L.F. (1880). Report on the corals and Antipatharia. Reports on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Caribbean Sea, 1878-79, by the United States coast survey steamer "Blake", commander J.R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. VI. <em>.Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 6(4): 95-120, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 96, 108 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Wells JW (1964) Ahermatypic corals from Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Zoology 2: 107-121, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 109 [details]   

additional source Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Gravier, C. (1920). Madréporaires provenant des campagnes des yachts Princesse-Alice et Hirondelle II (1893-1913). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco.</em> 55: 1-123, pls 1-16. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S. D.; Häussermann, V.; Försterra, G. (2005). A review of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Chile, with the description of two new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1018: 15-46., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1018.1.2
page(s): 16-17, 25, 40 [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1933). Report on deep sea corals; obtained bv F.I.S "Endeavour" on the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. Australia. <em>Dept. of Trade and Customs, Fisheries, Endeavour Reports.</em> 6: 1-16, pls. 1-4.
page(s): 1, 14 [details]   

additional source Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614
page(s): 28 [details]   

additional source Rogers, A. D. (1999). The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. International Review of Hydrobiology, 84: 315-406
page(s): 324, 327, 334-335, 347-349, 351, 353, 358 [details]   

additional source Marenzeller, E. von. (1904). Steinkorallen. <em>Wissenschaflichte Ergebnisse der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer "Valdivia", 1838-1899,.</em> Band 7: 281-318, pls. 14-18., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6308054 [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Keller NB, Oskina NS, Savilova TA. (2017). Distribution of deep-water Scleractinian corals in the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Oceanology.</em> 57 (2): 298-305., available online at https://doi.org/10.1134/s0001437016060060 [details]   

additional source Keller NB, Os'kina NS. (2008). Habitat temperature ranges of azooxantellate scleractinian corals in the World Ocean. <em>Oceanology.</em> 48 (1): 77-84., available online at https://doi.org/10.1134/s0001437008010098 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1958). Scleractinian Corals. <em>British-Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-31 Reports Series B.</em> 6(11): 257-275, pls. 1-2.
page(s): 262 [details]   

additional source Pires DE. (2007). The azooxanthellate coral fauna of Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81:265-272. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cordeiro RTS, Barbosa RV, Pires D Sumida PYG. (2020). Brazilian Deep-Sea Corals. In: Sumida PYG, Bernardino AF, De Léo FC (eds) Brazilian Deep-Sea Biodiversity. <em>Brazilian Marine Biodiversity. Volume 3. Springer, Cham.</em> pp. 73-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53222-2_4 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1974). Scleractiniares des Iles Saint Paul et Amsterdam (sud de L'Ocean Indien). Tethys, 5(4): 747-778
page(s): 747, 768-769 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Kozloff, E. N.; Siebert, A. E. (1987). Phylum Cnidaria - Class Anthozoa. University of Washington Press. Seattle and London., pp. 68-78
page(s): 72 [details]   

additional source Moseley, H. N. (1881). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Part III. On the deep-sea Madreporaria. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 (Zoology), 2, Zoology, 3, (1): 127-208, 238-248
page(s): 181 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 153, 194 [details]   

additional source Schröder-Ritzrau, A.; Freiwald, A.; Mangini, A. (2005). U/Th-dating of deep-water corals from the eastern North Atlantic and the western Mediterranean Sea. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 157-172
page(s): 160, 161 [details]   

additional source Gass, S. E.; Willison, M. J. H. (2005). An assessment of the distribution of deep-sea corals in Atlantic Canada by using both scientific and local forms of knowledge. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 223-245
page(s): 224 [details]   

additional source Duncan, P. M. (1877). On the rapidity of growth and variability of some Madreporaria on an Atlantic cable, with remarks upon the rate of accumulation of foraminiferal deposits. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 26, 133-137
page(s): 134 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1985). Scléractiniaires bathyaux et abyssaux de l'Atlantique nord-oriental: campagnes BIOGAS (POLGAS) et INCAL. L. Laubier and Cl. Monniot (eds.). IFREMER, chapter 18, pp. 311-324
page(s): 313, 314, 318, 321, 323 [details]   

additional source Frederiksen, R.; Jensen, A., Westerberg, H. (1992). The distribution of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and the relation to internal tidal mixing. Sarsia, 77, 157-171
page(s): 160, 161 [details]   

additional source Koehler, R. (1896). Liste par stations de dragage des animaux recueillis pendant la campagne du "Caudan". Annales de l'Université de Lyon, 26, 711-740
page(s): 717, 718, 719, 728 [details]   

additional source Roule, L. (1896). Coelentérés. Annales de l'Université de Lyon, 26, 299-323
page(s): 315, 322 [details]   

additional source Flint, H. C.; Waller, R. G.; Tyler, P. A. (2007). Reproductive ecology of Fungiacyathus marenzelleri from 4100 m depth in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Marine Biology, 151, 843-849
page(s): 843 [details]   

additional source Reed, J. K.; Pomponi, S. A.; Weaver, D. C.; Paull, C. K.; Wright, A. E. (2005). Deep-water sinkholes and bioherms of south Florida and the Pourtalès Terrace - habitat and fauna. Bulletin of Marine Science, 77(2): 267-296
page(s): 279, 281, 291 [details]   

additional source Hall-Spencer, J.; Allain, V.; Fosså, J. H. (2002). Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 269, 507-511
page(s): 507, 509, 510 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 64, 102-103, 113 [details]   

additional source Reed, J. K.; Weaver, D. C.; Pomponi, S. A. (2006). Habitat and fauna of deep-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs off the southeastern U.S.: Blake Plateau, Straits of Florida, and Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 78, 2, 343-375
page(s): 344, 354, 355, 369 [details]   

additional source Ramil Blanco, F.; Pulpeiro, E. F. (1990). Inventario de los antozoos de Galicia. A checklist of the Anthozoa from Galicia. Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 86(1-4): 17-30
page(s): 27 [details]   

redescription Zibrowius H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco.</em> 11: 1-284, pls. 1-117. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 143 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD, Parker SA. (1992). Review of the Recent Scleractinia (Stony Corals) of South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. <em>Records South Australian Museum, Monograph Series.</em> 3: 1-82, pls. 1-18,. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1982). Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia. <em>Antarctic Research Series.</em> 34: 1-74. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1979). The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 57:1-341. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype AM G16710, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype FLMNH 0,51388888889, geounit Saint Lucia Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Barbados Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Guadeloupean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Montserrat Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Saint Lucia Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMC, geounit Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMC, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype NMC, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype NMC, geounit Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR I/460/E3 [details]
Nontype NMV F67138, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMV F67150, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAfM, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAMA H11238, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAMA, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAMA, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SME, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype TAMU, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 1008876, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 1022415, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 36345, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46573, geounit Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46574, geounit Saint Lucia Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46575, geounit Martinican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46576, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46577, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46578, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 46579, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 77211, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 86839 [details]
Nontype USNM 91690, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 91691, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype BMNH [details]
Syntype BMNH [details]
Syntype NHMUK, verbatimGeounit Recent: off Spain, 1... [details]
Syntype USNM 47419, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype USNM 47420, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype USNM 47421, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype USNM 47422, geounit Antarctica [details]
Syntype USNM 47423, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype USNM 47424, geounit High Seas [details]
Syntype USNM 47425, geounit High Seas [details]
Syntype USNM 47426, geounit High Seas [details]
Syntype USNM 47664, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type ZMUC, geounit St. Helena Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Type locality Recent: off Spain, 1190-2003 m [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 220-2165 m [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Distribution in Nova Scotia waters [details]

Habitat slope [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English maculate stony coral  [details]
French scléractiniaire variable  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Solenosmilia variabilis; USNM 47426)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Solenosmilia variabilis; USNM 47426)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]