WoRMS taxon details

Merulinidae Verrill, 1865

196102  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196102)

accepted
Family
Echinoporidae Verrill, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Favitidae Verrill, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Orbicellidae Verrill, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Orbicellidae Vaughan, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (homonym)
Pectiniidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllidae Wells, 1956 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (homonym)
Trachyphylliidae Verrill, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Genus Astraeosmilia Ortmann, 1892
Genus Astrea Lamarck, 1801
Genus Australogyra Veron & Pichon, 1982
Genus Boninastrea Yabe & Sugiyama, 1935
Genus Catalaphyllia Wells, 1971
Genus Caulastraea Dana, 1846
Genus Coelastrea Verrill, 1866
Genus Cyphastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830
Genus Echinopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Favites Link, 1807
Genus Goniastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Hydnophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807
Genus Leptoria Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Merulina Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Mycedium Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851
Genus Orbicella Dana, 1846
Genus Oulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Paragoniastrea Huang, Benzoni & Budd, 2014
Genus Paramontastraea Huang & Budd, 2014
Genus Pectinia Blainville, 1825
Genus Physophyllia Duncan, 1884
Genus Platygyra Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Trachyphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849

Genus Acanthelia Wells, 1937 accepted as Echinopora Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Acanthopora Verrill, 1864 accepted as Echinopora Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Aphrastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (Synonymy, wrong spelling)
Genus Aphrastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (synonym)
Genus Astraea Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Astrea Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Astreosmilia Ortmann, 1892 accepted as Astraeosmilia Ortmann, 1892 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Astroria Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Platygyra Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, synonym)
Genus Barabattoia Yabe & Sugiyama, 1941 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (junior synonym)
Genus Bikiniastrea Wells, 1954 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Caeloria Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Platygyra Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Callogyra Verrill, 1901 accepted as Trachyphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Caulastrea Dana, 1846 accepted as Caulastraea Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Clavarina Verrill, 1864 accepted as Merulina Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Coelogyra Nemenzo, 1959 accepted as Oulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Coeloria Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Platygyra Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
Genus Cricotheca Quenstedt, 1881 accepted as Caulastraea Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Cyphastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Cyphastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Dasyphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Caulastraea Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Dipsastrea Blainville, 1830 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Echinastrea De Blainville, 1830 accepted as Echinopora Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Erythrastrea Pichon, Scheer & Pillai, 1983 accepted as Oulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Favastrea de Blainville, 1830 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Goniastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Goniastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Genus Heliastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Heliastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Hydnophorella Delage & Hérouard, 1901 accepted as Hydnophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Monticularia Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Hydnophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Monticulina Saville-Kent, 1893 accepted as Hydnophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Paraclavarina Veron, 1985 accepted as Merulina Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Parapectinia Nemenzo & Montecillo, 1981 accepted as Pectinia Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, synonym)
Genus Parastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Dichocoenia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Parastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Dichocoenia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Phyllastraea Dana, 1846 accepted as Mycedium Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Phymastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (wrong spelling, synonymy)
Genus Phymastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807
Genus Plerastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Favites Link, 1807
Genus Plerastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (synonymy)
Genus Prionastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (synonymy)
Genus Prionastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Favites Link, 1807 (synonymy)
Genus Scapophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Merulina Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Stephanocora Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Echinopora Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Tridacophyllia Blainville, 1830 accepted as Pectinia Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Ulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Oulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Genus Wellsophyllia Pichon, 1980 accepted as Trachyphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Verrill AE. (1865). Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). <em>Communications of the Essex Institute.</em> 4: 145–152., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34752272 [details]   
Status The oft-cited Verrill, 1866, is not the first use of the family Merulinidae. The name appeared one year earlier in an...  
Status The oft-cited Verrill, 1866, is not the first use of the family Merulinidae. The name appeared one year earlier in an extract (Verrill, A.E., Classification of polyps: Extract condensed from a synopsis of the polypi of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Captains Ringgold and Rodgers, U.S.N.. Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 4, 145–152). [details]

Description All genera are extant, hermatypic and colonial. Skeletal structures are faviid-like but are highly fused, without paliform...  
Description All genera are extant, hermatypic and colonial. Skeletal structures are faviid-like but are highly fused, without paliform lobes. Valleys are superficial or may become obscured because of fanwise spreading or contortions. Related families are Faviidae and Trachyphylliidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Merulinidae Verrill, 1865. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196102 on 2022-06-30
Date
action
by
2005-12-27 19:49:34Z
created
2013-02-05 17:27:31Z
checked
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2022-06-05 23:12:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Verrill AE. (1865). Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). <em>Communications of the Essex Institute.</em> 4: 145–152., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34752272 [details]   

original description  (of Pectiniidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943) Vaughan TW, Wells JW. (1943). Revision of the suborders, families and genera of the Scleractinia. <em>Special Papers of the Geological Society of America.</em> 44: 1-363. [details]   

original description  (of Favitidae Verrill, 1901) Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168. [details]   

original description  (of Orbicellidae Verrill, 1901) Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168. [details]   

original description  (of Echinoporidae Verrill, 1901) Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168. [details]   

original description  (of Orbicellidae Vaughan, 1902) Vaughan TW. (1902). The stony corals of the Porto Rican waters. <em>Bulletin of the United States Fish Commision for 1900.</em> 20: 289-320, pls. 1-38. [details]   

original description  (of Trachyphylliidae Verrill, 1901) Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168. [details]   

original description  (of Trachyphyllidae Wells, 1956) Wells JW. (1956). Scleractinia. In: Moore RC (ed) Treatise on invertebrate paleontology F. Coelenterata. <em>Geological Society of America & University of Kansas Press.</em> pp. F328–F440. [details]   

basis of record Budd AF, Fukami H, Smith ND, Knowlton N. (2012). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 166 (3): 465-529., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00855.x [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Colonial, with intra- and/or extracalicular budding; attached or free-living. Corallites monomorphic or polymorphic; monticules may be present. Corallites discrete (1–3 mouths), uniserial or organically united. Walls fused, or with varying amount of coenosteum that may be costate or spinose. Calice of varying width (< 4 mm to >15 mm) and relief (< 3 mm to > 6 mm). Costosepta may be confluent. Septa in varying number of cycles. Free septa may be present, regular or irregular. Septal spacing varies (< 6 to >11 septa per 5 mm). Costosepta may be equal or unequal in relative thickness. Columellae of varying sizes relative to calice width, and may be trabecular or lamellar; continuous or discontinuous among adjacent corallites. Paliform (uniaxial) lobes may be weak/moderate or well developed. Septal (multiaxial) lobes may be present. Epitheca and endotheca development vary among species. Tooth base at mid-calice circular. Tooth tip at mid-calice irregular; tip orientation perpendicular or multiaxial. Tooth height low (< 0.3 mm) or medium (0.3–0.6 mm). Tooth spacing narrow (< 0.3 mm) or medium (0.3–1.0 mm). Number of teeth per septum varies among species. Granules aligned or scattered on septal face; generally irregular in shape. Interarea smooth, palisade or with horizontal bands. Synapticulotheca absent. Septotheca, abortive septa, trabeculotheca and paratheca development varies among taxa. Thickening deposits fibrous without forming concentric rings. Costa centre clusters generally weak; ≤ 0.6 mm between clusters; medial lines present. Septum centre clusters weak or not distinct; ≤ 0.5 mm between clusters; medial lines present. Perpendicular crosses may be present. Columella centres clustered or aligned. [details]

Status The oft-cited Verrill, 1866, is not the first use of the family Merulinidae. The name appeared one year earlier in an extract (Verrill, A.E., Classification of polyps: Extract condensed from a synopsis of the polypi of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Captains Ringgold and Rodgers, U.S.N.. Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 4, 145–152). [details]

From other sources
Description All genera are extant, hermatypic and colonial. Skeletal structures are faviid-like but are highly fused, without paliform lobes. Valleys are superficial or may become obscured because of fanwise spreading or contortions. Related families are Faviidae and Trachyphylliidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese サザナミサンゴ科ウミバラ科 [from synonym]  [details]