WoRMS taxon details

Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825

205695  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:205695)

accepted
Genus
Fungia limacina Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1792) (type by subsequent designation)
Fungia (Haliglossa) Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Haliglossa Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Herpetolitha Leuckart, 1841 · unaccepted (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Herpetolithas Leuckart, 1841 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Herpetolithus Leuckart, 1841 · unaccepted (synonymy, amended name)
Species Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1792)

Species Herpolitha foliosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1792) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Herpolitha secunda Nemenzo (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Herpolitha simplex Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Species Herpolitha talpa (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck, 1801) (synonymy)
Species Herpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921) accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1792) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Eschscholtz, F. (1825). Bericht über die zoologische Ausbeute während der Reise von Kronstadt bis St. Peter und Paul. - Isis 1825: 733-747., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27509188 [details]   
Description Colonies are free-living, elongate, with an axial furrow that may extend to the corallum ends. Several centres,...  
Description Colonies are free-living, elongate, with an axial furrow that may extend to the corallum ends. Several centres, corresponding with mouths, are arranged along the furrow and secondary centres are distributed over the rest of the upper surface. Septa are similar in structure to those of Fungia (Pleuractis). Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are short and widely spaced, like Fungia. Secondary centres have single tentacles. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205695 on 2022-05-17
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2006-09-13 06:47:38Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2013-01-22 10:22:55Z
changed
2019-10-08 16:41:51Z
changed
2019-10-19 10:35:41Z
changed
2022-05-14 09:41:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Eschscholtz, F. (1825). Bericht über die zoologische Ausbeute während der Reise von Kronstadt bis St. Peter und Paul. - Isis 1825: 733-747., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27509188 [details]   

original description  (of Haliglossa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Herpetolithus Leuckart, 1841) Leuckart, F.S. 1841. Observations zoologicae de Zoophytis coralliis, speciatim de genere Fungia, p. 1-60, pls. 1-4. Emmerling, Friburgi Brisigavorum. [details]   

original description  (of Herpetolitha Leuckart, 1841) Leuckart, F.S. 1841. Observations zoologicae de Zoophytis coralliis, speciatim de genere Fungia, p. 1-60, pls. 1-4. Emmerling, Friburgi Brisigavorum. [details]   

original description  (of Herpetolithas Leuckart, 1841) Leuckart, F.S. 1841. Observations zoologicae de Zoophytis coralliis, speciatim de genere Fungia, p. 1-60, pls. 1-4. Emmerling, Friburgi Brisigavorum. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Hoeksema BW. (1989). Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden.</em> 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger A, Reijnen BT, Hoeksema BW. (2011). A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. <em>Contributions to Zoology.</em> 80: 107-132., available online at https://brill.com/downloadpdf/journals/ctoz/80/2/article-p107_2.xml [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Duncan PM (1884) A revision of the families and genera of the sclerodermic Zoantharia, Ed. & H., or Madreporaria (M. Rugosa excepted). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 18: 1-204. [details]   

additional source Weill, R., 1934. Contribution à l'étude des Cnidaires et de leurs nématocystes. II. Valeur taxonomique du cnidôme. Trav. Stn zool. Wimereux 11 : 349-701.
page(s): 357, 607, Fig. 416, 613, 616 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From other sources
Description Colonies are free-living, elongate, with an axial furrow that may extend to the corallum ends. Several centres, corresponding with mouths, are arranged along the furrow and secondary centres are distributed over the rest of the upper surface. Septa are similar in structure to those of Fungia (Pleuractis). Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are short and widely spaced, like Fungia. Secondary centres have single tentacles. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Remark Type species: Madrepora limax Houttuyn, 1772 (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English tongue coralslipper coralmole coral  [details]
Japanese キュウリイシ属  [details]