WoRMS taxon details

Hydnophora rigida (Dana, 1846)

207406  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207406)

accepted
Species
Clavarina composita Rehberg, 1892 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora (Clavarina) rigida (Dana, 1864) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Hydnophora breviconus Nemenzo, 1971 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora columellata Rehberg, 1892 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora laxa (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora mayori Hoffmeister, 1925 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora ramosa Nemenzo, 1959 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora rigida var. ramosa Nemenzo, 1959 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hydnophora rigida var. solida Chevalier, 1975 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Merulina laxa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Merulina prolifera Quelch, 1886 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Merulina rigida Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (basionym)
Variety Hydnophora rigida var. ramosa Nemenzo, 1959 accepted as Hydnophora rigida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Hydnophora rigida var. solida Chevalier, 1975 accepted as Hydnophora rigida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Merulina rigida Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies are arborescent, without encrusting bases. Colour: cream or green. Abundance: sometimes common, especially in...  
Description Colonies are arborescent, without encrusting bases. Colour: cream or green. Abundance: sometimes common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2023). World List of Scleractinia. Hydnophora rigida (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207406 on 2023-02-09
Date
action
by
1997-02-22 16:55:09Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Clavarina composita Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora columellata Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora ramosa Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Merulina rigida Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Merulina prolifera Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora mayori Hoffmeister, 1925) Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23. [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora breviconus Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora rigida var. solida Chevalier, 1975) Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 11, 12, 30, 31 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 34 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 134 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 271, 284, 309, Pl. XXV [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 9, 17, 34, 35 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 3, 40, Pl. XXX, Pl. XXXIV [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1928). A Monograph of the Recent meandroid Astraeidae. <em>Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History).</em> 7: 1-288, pls. 1-72. [details]   

additional source Best MB, Suharsono. (1991). New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 3. Species belonging to the Merulinidae with new records of Merulina and Boninastrea. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 65: 333-342. [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12403706 [details]   

additional source Studer, T. (1880). Beitrag zur Fauna der Steinkorallen von Singapore. <em>Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern.</em> 979: 15-53., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12090774
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 358, 371 [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1976) Biological results of the Snellius expedition: XXVII. Faviidae collected by the Snellius Expedition. II. The genera Favites, Goniastrea, Platygyra, Oulophyllia, Leptoria, Hydnophora and Caulastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 50: 45-63. [details]   

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1972) Systematics and ecology of New Caledonian Faviinae (Coelenterata–Scleractinia). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 42: 3-90. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24.
page(s): 75, 104 [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59.
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD, Miller DJ. (2010). Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> 8(1): 91-118., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000903571088
page(s): 115 [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 13, 37, 40, 151 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 30, 95 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 366-367 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (1981). Reefs of southwest Viti Levu and their tourism potential. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 293-298
page(s): 296-297 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). <em>U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper.</em> 260(I): 385-486.
page(s): 394, 463 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 98, 113 [details]   

additional source Tkachenko, K. S.; Wu, B. J.; Fang, L. S.; Fan, T. Y. (2007). Dynamics of a coral reef community after mass mortality of branching Acropora corals and an outbreak of anemones. Marine Biology, 151, 185-194
page(s): 187, 188 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>
page(s): 428, 430, 431 [details]   

new combination reference Saville-Kent W (1893) The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities, pp. 1-387, pls. 1-48, chromo pls. 1-16. Allen & Co., London., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10697730 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 127-71, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 127-74, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 127-75, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 146-6, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 155-1, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) HLD X2: 155-2, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IGPS 40380, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IGPS 40382, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IGPS 40397, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IGPS 47197, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IGPS 57435, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 41988, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 51060, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53021, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56667, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 57430, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9048, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 10-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 332-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 333-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 334-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 335-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 339-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 396-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 461-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 564-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 572-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 573-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 620-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 643-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 916-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Unknown type (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IMC mrt-49, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IMC mrt-93, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Merulina laxa Dana, 1846) IMC, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are arborescent, without encrusting bases. Colour: cream or green. Abundance: sometimes common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English spine coral  [details]
German Stachelkoralle  [details]
Japanese エダイボサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE148closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE148verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE4501fragments)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE4501verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]