WoRMS taxon details

Ophichthidae Günther, 1870

125434  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125434)

accepted
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  1. Subfamily Myrophinae Kaup, 1856
    1. Genus Ahlia Jordan & Davis, 1891
    2. Genus Asarcenchelys McCosker, 1985
    3. Genus Benthenchelys Fowler, 1934
    4. Genus Glenoglossa McCosker, 1982
    5. Genus Mixomyrophis McCosker, 1985
    6. Genus Muraenichthys Bleeker, 1853
    7. Genus Myrophis Lütken, 1852
    8. Genus Neenchelys Bamber, 1915
    9. Genus Pseudomyrophis Wade, 1946
    10. Genus Pylorobranchus McCosker & Chen, 2012
    11. Genus Schismorhynchus McCosker, 1970
    12. Genus Schultzidia Gosline, 1951
    13. Genus Scolecenchelys Ogilby, 1897
    14. Genus Skythrenchelys Castle & McCosker, 1999
    15. Genus Sympenchelys Hibino, Ho & Kimura, 2015
    16. Genus Aotea Phillipps, 1926 accepted as Scolecenchelys Ogilby, 1897
    17. Genus Hesperomyrus Myers & Storey, 1939 accepted as Myrophis Lütken, 1852
    18. Genus Holopterura Cope, 1871 accepted as Myrophis Lütken, 1852
    19. Genus Leptoconger Poey, 1880 accepted as Myrophis Lütken, 1852
    20. Genus Muaenichthys accepted as Muraenichthys Bleeker, 1853 (misspelling)
    21. Genus Myroplius accepted as Myrophis Lütken, 1852 (misspelling)
    22. Genus Myropterura Ogilby, 1897 accepted as Scolecenchelys Ogilby, 1897
    23. Genus Paramyrus Günther, 1870 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    24. Genus Schizmorhynchus accepted as Schismorhynchus McCosker, 1970 (misspelling)
    25. Genus Leptocephalus [Ophichthidae] (temporary name)
  2. Subfamily Ophichthinae Günther, 1870
    1. Genus Allips McCosker, 1972
    2. Genus Aplatophis Böhlke, 1956
    3. Genus Aprognathodon Böhlke, 1967
    4. Genus Apterichtus Duméril, 1806
    5. Genus Bascanichthys Jordan & Davis, 1891
    6. Genus Brachysomophis Kaup, 1856
    7. Genus Caecula Vahl, 1794
    8. Genus Callechelys Kaup, 1856
    9. Genus Caralophia Böhlke, 1955
    10. Genus Chauligenion McCosker & Okamoto, 2016
    11. Genus Cirrhimuraena Kaup, 1856
    12. Genus Cirricaecula Schultz, 1953
    13. Genus Dalophis Rafinesque, 1810
    14. Genus Echelus Rafinesque, 1810
    15. Genus Echiophis Kaup, 1856
    16. Genus Ethadophis Rosenblatt & McCosker, 1970
    17. Genus Evips McCosker, 1972
    18. Genus Gordiichthys Jordan & Davis, 1891
    19. Genus Hemerorhinus Weber & de Beaufort, 1916
    20. Genus Herpetoichthys Kaup, 1856
    21. Genus Hyphalophis McCosker & Böhlke, 1982
    22. Genus Ichthyapus Brisout de Barneville, 1847
    23. Genus Kertomichthys McCosker & Böhlke, 1982
    24. Genus Lamnostoma Kaup, 1856
    25. Genus Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853
    26. Genus Leptenchelys Myers & Wade, 1941
    27. Genus Letharchus Goode & Bean, 1882
    28. Genus Lethogoleos McCosker & Böhlke, 1982
    29. Genus Leuropharus Rosenblatt & McCosker, 1970
    30. Genus Luthulenchelys McCosker, 2007
    31. Genus Malvoliophis Whitley, 1934
    32. Genus Myrichthys Girard, 1859
    33. Genus Mystriophis Kaup, 1856
    34. Genus Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    35. Genus Ophisurus Lacepède, 1800
    36. Genus Oxystomus Rafinesque, 1810
    37. Genus Paraletharchus McCosker, 1974
    38. Genus Phaenomonas Myers & Wade, 1941
    39. Genus Phyllophichthus Gosline, 1951
    40. Genus Pisodonophis Kaup, 1856
    41. Genus Quassiremus Jordan & Davis, 1891
    42. Genus Rhinophichthus McCosker, 1999
    43. Genus Scytalichthys Jordan & Davis, 1891
    44. Genus Suculentophichthus Fricke, 2015
    45. Genus Xestochilus McCosker, 1998
    46. Genus Xyrias Jordan & Snyder, 1901
    47. Genus Yirrkala Whitley, 1940
    48. Genus Acanthenchelys Norman, 1922 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    49. Genus Achirophichthys Bleeker, 1864 accepted as Brachysomophis Kaup, 1856
    50. Genus Anguisurus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Lamnostoma Kaup, 1856
    51. Genus Antobrantia Pinto, 1970 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    52. Genus Apterichthus accepted as Apterichtus Duméril, 1806 (misspelling)
    53. Genus Apterichthys accepted as Apterichtus Duméril, 1806 (misspelling)
    54. Genus Brachysomorphis accepted as Brachysomophis Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    55. Genus Brachysonophis accepted as Brachysomophis Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    56. Genus Caecilia Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Apterichtus Duméril, 1806
    57. Genus Centrurophis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    58. Genus Chlevastes Jordan & Snyder, 1901 accepted as Myrichthys Girard, 1859
    59. Genus Coecula accepted as Caecula Vahl, 1794 (unaccepted > misspelling)
    60. Genus Cogrus Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    61. Genus Crotalopsis Kaup, 1860 accepted as Echiophis Kaup, 1856
    62. Genus Cryptopterus Kaup, 1860 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    63. Genus Cryptopterygium Ginsburg, 1951 accepted as Callechelys Kaup, 1856
    64. Genus Cyclophichthys Whitley, 1951 accepted as Elapsopis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853
    65. Genus Elapsopis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853 (synonym)
    66. Genus Elapsopsis accepted as Elapsopis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853 (misspelling)
    67. Genus Evipes accepted as Evips McCosker, 1972 (misspelling)
    68. Genus Lamnastoma accepted as Lamnostoma Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    69. Genus Lamnosoma accepted as Lamnostoma Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    70. Genus Lamnostomus accepted as Lamnostoma Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    71. Genus Leptorhynchus Smith, 1840 accepted as Ophisurus Lacepède, 1800
    72. Genus Liuranus accepted as Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853 (misspelling)
    73. Genus Machaerenchelys Fowler, 1938 accepted as Leiuranus Bleeker, 1853
    74. Genus Malviolophus accepted as Malvoliophis Whitley, 1934 (misspelling)
    75. Genus Microdonophis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    76. Genus Microrhynchus Blache & Bauchot, 1972 accepted as Phaenomonas Myers & Wade, 1941
    77. Genus Muraenophis Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Gymnothorax Bloch, 1795
    78. Genus Muraenopsis Lesueur, 1856 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    79. Genus Myrichttys accepted as Myrichthys Girard, 1859 (misspelling)
    80. Genus Myrichtys accepted as Myrichthys Girard, 1859 (misspelling)
    81. Genus Myrus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Echelus Rafinesque, 1810
    82. Genus Notophtophis Castro-Aguirre & Suárez de los Cobos, 1983 accepted as Echiophis Kaup, 1856
    83. Genus Omochelys Fowler, 1918 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    84. Genus Ophichtchys accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789 (misspelling)
    85. Genus Ophichtys accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789 (misspelling)
    86. Genus Ophicthus accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789 (misspelling)
    87. Genus Ophisurapus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Apterichtus Duméril, 1806
    88. Genus Ophiurus accepted as Ophisurus Lacepède, 1800 (misspelling)
    89. Genus Ophychthus accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789 (misspelling)
    90. Genus Opichthus accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789 (misspelling)
    91. Genus Oxyodontichthys Poey, 1880 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    92. Genus Pantonora Smith, 1965 accepted as Yirrkala Whitley, 1940
    93. Genus Pisodonphis accepted as Pisodonophis Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    94. Genus Pisodontophis accepted as Pisodonophis Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    95. Genus Pisonodophis accepted as Pisodonophis Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted > misspelling)
    96. Genus Pisoodonophis accepted as Pisodonophis Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    97. Genus Poecilocephalus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    98. Genus Pogonophis Myers & Wade, 1941 accepted as Herpetoichthys Kaup, 1856
    99. Genus Pterurus Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Dalophis Rafinesque, 1810
    100. Genus Rhinenchelys Blache & Bauchot, 1972 accepted as Ichthyapus Brisout de Barneville, 1847
    101. Genus Scytalophis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    102. Genus Sphagebranchus Bloch, 1795 accepted as Caecula Vahl, 1794 (synonym)
    103. Genus Uranichthys Poey, 1867 accepted as Ophichthus Ahl, 1789
    104. Genus Verma Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Apterichtus Duméril, 1806
  3. Genus Jenkinsella accepted as Jenkinsiella Jordan & Evermann, 1905 accepted as Cirrhimuraena Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
  4. Genus Ophichthys Swainson, 1839 accepted as Monopterus Lacepède, 1800 (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description Marine; coastal, estuaries and entering rivers. Distribution: tropical to warm temperate waters. Body serpentiform. Snout...  
Description Marine; coastal, estuaries and entering rivers. Distribution: tropical to warm temperate waters. Body serpentiform. Snout subconic to pointed. Mouth subterminal to inferior. Nostrils well separated, posterior usually lying within or piercing the upper lip, opening into mouth. Tongue attached. Branchial opening small, slit or round. Branchiostegal rays 15-49 pairs, overlapping midventrally along the throat to form a jugostegalia. Neural spines poorly developed, when present. Hyomandibulae usually vertical, but may be inclined backward or forward. Lateral lines meeting dorsally at head level. Dorsal and anal, when present, confluent with or ending before caudal extremity (naked and hardened). Supraorbital pore on middle line. With or without pectoral fins. Pelvics absent. Vertebrae 110-270. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Ophichthidae Günther, 1870. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125434 on 2024-02-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2022). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2022., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Marine; coastal, estuaries and entering rivers. Distribution: tropical to warm temperate waters. Body serpentiform. Snout subconic to pointed. Mouth subterminal to inferior. Nostrils well separated, posterior usually lying within or piercing the upper lip, opening into mouth. Tongue attached. Branchial opening small, slit or round. Branchiostegal rays 15-49 pairs, overlapping midventrally along the throat to form a jugostegalia. Neural spines poorly developed, when present. Hyomandibulae usually vertical, but may be inclined backward or forward. Lateral lines meeting dorsally at head level. Dorsal and anal, when present, confluent with or ending before caudal extremity (naked and hardened). Supraorbital pore on middle line. With or without pectoral fins. Pelvics absent. Vertebrae 110-270. [details]
LanguageName 
English snake eels  [details]
Japanese ウミヘビ科  [details]