WoRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834

135093  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135093)

accepted
Genus
Madrepora dianthus Esper, 1794 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (type by subsequent designation)
Lophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted (Synonymy)
Lophohelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammosmilia de Fromentel, 1863 † · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Pseudodesmophyllum Reig Oriol, 1997 † · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Scolangia Tenison-Woods, 1880 † · unaccepted (synonymy)
Thalassiotrochus Milne Edwards, 1861 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum hourigani Cairns, 2021
Species Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Desmophyllum quinarium Tenison-Woods, 1879

Subgenus Desmophyllum (Javania) Duncan, 1876 accepted as Javania Duncan, 1876 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Desmophyllum alabastrum Alcock, 1902 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum antarcticum Gravier, 1914 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Desmophyllum cailleti Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Desmophyllum capense Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum clavatum Michelotti, 1871 accepted as Javania clavata (Michelotti, 1871) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Desmophyllum cornu (Moseley, 1880) accepted as Crispatotrochus cornu (Moseley, 1880) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Desmophyllum costatum Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum cristagalli Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum cumingi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
Species Desmophyllum cumingii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum delicatum Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum eburneum Moseley, 1880 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum fasciculatum (Risso, 1826) accepted as Thalamophyllia gasti (Döderlein, 1913) (unaccepted > junior homonym)
Species Desmophyllum galapagense Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum gasti Döderlein, 1913 accepted as Thalamophyllia gasti (Döderlein, 1913) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Desmophyllum gracile Studer, 1878 accepted as Monomyces rubrum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum incertum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Oxysmilia rotundifolia (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum ingens Moseley, 1880 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum insigne (Duncan, 1876) accepted as Javania insignis Duncan, 1876 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Desmophyllum insignis (Duncan, 1876) accepted as Javania insignis Duncan, 1876 (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Desmophyllum lamprotichum Moseley, 1880 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum nobile Verrill, 1885 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum pseudoseptata Eguchi, 1965 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum pseudoseptatum Eguchi, 1965 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum reflexum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum riisei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > superseded combination, amended spelling)
Species Desmophyllum rusei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > incorrect original spelling)
Species Desmophyllum serpuliforme Gravier, 1915 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum simplex Verrill, 1870 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum solidum Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum stellaria Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) europaea (Risso, 1826) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Desmophyllum striatum Cairns, 1979 accepted as Desmophyllum hourigani Cairns, 2021 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
Species Desmophyllum tenuescens Gardiner, 1899 accepted as Thalamophyllia tenuescens (Gardiner, 1899) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Desmophyllum vitreum Alcock, 1898 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   
Depth range 8-2460 m  
Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent  
Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135093 on 2022-07-07
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-31 06:57:06Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-08-09 23:59:51Z
changed
2010-09-13 23:22:01Z
changed
2019-10-08 20:42:32Z
changed
2022-05-26 06:45:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Lophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a aux groups naturels des zoanthaires perforés es des zoanthaires tabulés. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences 29: 257-263. [details]   

original description  (of Thalassiotrochus Milne Edwards, 1861) Milne Edwards A. (1861). Observations zur l'existence de divers mollusques et zoophytes. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 4.</em> 15: 149-157. [details]   

original description  (of Scolangia Tenison-Woods, 1880 †) Tenison-Woods JE. (1880). Corals and Bryozoa of the Neozoic period in New Zealand. <em>Palaeontology of New Zealand. Colonial Museum and Geological Survey Department.</em> 4: i-xvi, 1-34, 3 pls. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]., available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 135 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 304, 311, 313 [details]   

additional source Alcock AW. (1902). Report on the deep-sea Madreporaria of the Siboga-Expedition. <em>Siboga Expeditie.</em> 16a: 1-52, pls. 1-5., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11383
page(s): 28, 45, 50 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1958). Scleractinian Corals. <em>British-Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-31 Reports Series B.</em> 6(11): 257-275, pls. 1-2.
page(s): 260 [details]   

additional source Farrow, G. E.; Durant, G. P. (1985). Carbonate-basaltic sediments from Cobb Seamount, Northeast Pacific: zonation, bioerosion and petrology. Marine Geology, 65, 73-102
page(s): 78, 91, 92 [details]   

additional source Stetson, T. R.; Squires, D. F.; Pratt, R. M. (1962). Coral banks occurring in deep water on the Blake Plateau. American Museum Novitates, (2114): 1-39
page(s): 34 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., Budd, A.F., Lathuilière, B., Roniewicz, E., Stolarski, J., Johnson, K.G. (2010). Corallosphere. , available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 358, 367 [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 125: 1-235. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1995). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa. <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Memoir.</em> 103: 1-210. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1994). Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 557: 1-150. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype BMNH, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Corallum solitary, trochoid to subcylindrical, firmly attached; septothecate; pali absent; columella absent or rudimentary; sparse endothecal dissepiments in elongate coralla. [details]

Remark Several dozen fossil species and three Recent species. See Baron-Szabo (2002), Cairns (1994) and Chevalier (1961) for discussion. D. dianthus is one of a dozen cosmopolitan coral species and perhaps the most commonly collected deep water coral species. It is also morphologically one of the simplest in construction. [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
Lophelia reefs are common at several locations in the Trondheimsfjord, as shallow as 39m.
 Lophelia reefs are ...
[image from synonym]

A field of living and dead Lophelia and Madrepora
 A field of living a...
[image from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 027293)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 061549)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]