WoRMS taxon details

Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781)

207501  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207501)

accepted
Species
Heteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia cochlea alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia ovalis Semper, 1872 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia ovalis formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia ovalis japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia pisum Alcock, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

(of Madrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   
Note Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled...  
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled according to the nature of the substrate. They have an obligate commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) and usually have one parasitic mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana) embedded above the sipunculid. The sipunculid moves the coral about on soft substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Corallites are round or laterally compressed, up to 25 mm in diameter., have well-developed septa which follow Pourtales Plan, broad, compact deep-seated columellae, and walls composed of porous coenosteum. Polyps are extended only at night. They are hermatypic in tropical localities, but are possibly ahermatypic in high latitude locations. Colour: grey or brown. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more. Where it does occur, it is usually very abundant (up to approximately 300 individuals per square ! (Veron, 1986 <57>)

metre at some locations) Usually occurs in association with Heterocyathus aequicostatus and Cycloseris cyclolites. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
An unusual, free-living coral, usually solitary or with two calices sharing one base. Overall size about 2-3 cm. Perforations in the base allow the commensal sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) to move in and out of the calyx. Habitat: on sand below the reef base. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207501 on 2022-09-28
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-09-01 00:45:09Z
checked
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed
2014-06-02 17:13:55Z
changed
2022-06-25 08:07:44Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia ovalis Semper, 1872 †) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia pisum Alcock, 1902) Alcock A (1902) Diagnoses and descriptions of new species of corals from the "Siboga-Expedition". Tijdschrift der Nederlandse Dierkundige Vereeniging (Ser. 2) 7: 89-115. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M (1932) Corals of the genera Heteropsammia and Oulangia from Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 10: 20-31, pls. 3-4. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 †) Hu CH. (1987). Unusual fossil corals from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Society of China.</em> 8:31-48, pls. 1-3. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 3. Monographie des eupsammides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 65-114, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893) Alcock, A. 1893. On some newly-recorded corals from the Indian Seas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Natural History) 62: 138-149, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M (1932) Corals of the genera Heteropsammia and Oulangia from Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 10: 20-31, pls. 3-4. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia ovalis formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1942). Fossil and recent simple corals from Japan. <em>Science Reports Tohoku Imperial University, 2nd Series (Geology).</em> 22 (2): 105-178, pls. 9-12. [details]   

original description  (of Heteropsammia ovalis japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1942). Fossil and recent simple corals from Japan. <em>Science Reports Tohoku Imperial University, 2nd Series (Geology).</em> 22 (2): 105-178, pls. 9-12. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 136 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1998). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 18(4): 361-417. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (2004). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 56(3): 259-329. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. <em>in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 18, 41, 236-238 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 30, 123 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 213 [details]   

additional source Arrigoni R, Kitano YF, Stolarski J, Hoeksema BW, Fukami H, Stefani F, Galli P, Montano S, Castoldi E, Benzoni F. (2014). A phylogeny reconstruction of the Dendrophylliidae (Cnidaria, Scleractinia) based on molecular and micromorphological criteria, and its ecological implications. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 43 (6): 661-688., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12072 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1942). Fossil and recent simple corals from Japan. <em>Science Reports Tohoku Imperial University, 2nd Series (Geology).</em> 22 (2): 105-178, pls. 9-12. [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. & M.J. Grygier. (1985). Diversity and range of scleractinian coral hosts of Ascothoracida (Crustacea: Maxillopoda). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique.</em> 61(2):115-138.
page(s): 129, Fig. 43-44 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD. (2021). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from New Caledonia. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 215:1-722. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 407 [details]   

additional source Moseley, H. N. (1881). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Part III. On the deep-sea Madreporaria. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 (Zoology), 2, Zoology, 3, (1): 127-208, 238-248
page(s): 197 [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C. J. (1922). The Madreporaria of the Siboga Expedition. Part III. Eupsammidae. Siboga-Expeditie Monographes, 16c, 46 [98] - 75 [127]
page(s): 66-67, 73, 74 [details]   

additional source Goffredo, S.; Radetić, J.; Airi, V.; Zaccanti, F. (2005). Sexual reproduction of the solitary sunset cup coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) in the Mediterranean. 1. Morphological aspects of the gametogenesis and ontogenesis. Marine Biology, 147, 485-495
page(s): 491, 492 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N.; Pichon, M. (1979). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia, part III: Families Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Government Publishing Service. Canberra., volume 4, pp. 422.
page(s): 8, 416-420 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 64, 105, 111 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 11, 107 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Heteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) HLD X2: 161-8, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Heteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) NMSR 9093, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16517, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16579, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56061, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Vanuatu Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Vanuatu Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Vanuatu Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Vanuatu Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Vanuatu Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MTQ G55750 [details]
Nontype NMSR 9092, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NTM C6454, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NTM C7263, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NTM C7267, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NTM C8038, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NTM C8061, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96696, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 98935, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 98936, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 98937, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 140-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 220-92, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 342-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 343-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 352-88 [details]
Nontype WAM 381-88 [details]
Nontype WAM 503-85 [details]
Nontype WAM 700-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 77-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 90-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM Z16010, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM Z16027, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled according to the nature of the substrate. They have an obligate commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) and usually have one parasitic mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana) embedded above the sipunculid. The sipunculid moves the coral about on soft substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Corallites are round or laterally compressed, up to 25 mm in diameter., have well-developed septa which follow Pourtales Plan, broad, compact deep-seated columellae, and walls composed of porous coenosteum. Polyps are extended only at night. They are hermatypic in tropical localities, but are possibly ahermatypic in high latitude locations. Colour: grey or brown. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more. Where it does occur, it is usually very abundant (up to approximately 300 individuals per square ! (Veron, 1986 <57>)

metre at some locations) Usually occurs in association with Heterocyathus aequicostatus and Cycloseris cyclolites. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
An unusual, free-living coral, usually solitary or with two calices sharing one base. Overall size about 2-3 cm. Perforations in the base allow the commensal sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) to move in and out of the calyx. Habitat: on sand below the reef base. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English smooth bum coral  [details]