WoRMS taxon details

Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

216146  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216146)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   
Note unrecorded (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
Depth range 0-20 m  
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a...  
Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216146 on 2022-08-19
Date
action
by
1997-10-31 12:32:54Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-08-20 12:17:25Z
checked
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed
2020-07-24 08:23:46Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus roussaeanus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus philippinensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus oblongatus Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Alcock, A. 1893. On some newly-recorded corals from the Indian Seas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Natural History) 62: 138-149, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus aequicostatus delicatus Sakakura, 1935) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus elongatus Hu, 1987 †) Hu CH. (1987). Unusual fossil corals from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Society of China.</em> 8:31-48, pls. 1-3. [details]   

original description  (of Stephanoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains palaeozoïques, précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. <em>Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives.</em> 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus philippensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. <em>Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (of Psammoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains palaeozoïques, précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. <em>Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives.</em> 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus aequicostatus carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix J. (1913). Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. <em>Palaeontographica.</em> 60 (5-6): 311-365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus sandalinus Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. (1921). Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In K. Martin (ed.): Die Fossilien von Java auf Grund einer Sammlung von Dr. R.D.M. Verbeek und von Anderen. <em>Sammlungen des Geologischen Reichs-Museums in Leiden. Neue Folge.</em> 1 (2): 387-445, pls. 55-57. [details]   

original description  (of Heterocyathus rembangensis Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. (1921). Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In K. Martin (ed.): Die Fossilien von Java auf Grund einer Sammlung von Dr. R.D.M. Verbeek und von Anderen. <em>Sammlungen des Geologischen Reichs-Museums in Leiden. Neue Folge.</em> 1 (2): 387-445, pls. 55-57. [details]   

original description  (of Brachytrochus simplex Duncan, 1876) Duncan PM. (1876). Notices of some Deep-sea and Littoral Corals from the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Indian, New-Zealand, Persian Gulf, and Japanese &c. Seas. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 44: 428-442, pls. 38-41., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29099627#page/524/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Wijsman-Best M, Faure G, Pichon M. (1980). Contribution to the knowledge of the stony corals from the Seychelles and Eastern Africa. <em>Revue Zoologique Africaine.</em> 3: 600-627, pls. 9-`12. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 135 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD. (2004). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 56(3): 259-329. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS. (1905). Madreporaria III. Fungida IV. Turbinolidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 933-957, pls. 89-93.
page(s): 955 [details]   

additional source Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1974. Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42 (122): 1-75, pls. 1-33.
page(s): 10, 61, 65, 74, plate 28 [details]   

additional source Folkeson, F. 1919. Madreporaria. Results of Dr. E. Mjoberg's Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia, 1910-1913. XXII. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar (4 Ser.)59: 1-23, pl. l.
page(s): 6, 8-10, 12, figs. 4-9 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 89, 102 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>
page(s): 559 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233.
page(s): 208 [details]   

additional source Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source Wells JW (1964) Ahermatypic corals from Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Zoology 2: 107-121, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 108 [details]   

additional source Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 8, 39, 83-84, 85 [details]   

additional source Squires DF. (1961). Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 2. Scotia Sea corals. <em>American Museum Novitates.</em> 2046: 1-48.
page(s): 17 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 211 [details]   

additional source Gardiner, J.S. (1905). The turbinolid corals of South Africa, with notes on their anatomy and variation. <em>Marine Investigations in South Africa.</em> 3(4): 97-129, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 93, 95, 105-112, 122, 125, Plate III. Figs. 1-43 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1942). Fossil and recent simple corals from Japan. <em>Science Reports Tohoku Imperial University, 2nd Series (Geology).</em> 22 (2): 105-178, pls. 9-12. [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. & M.J. Grygier. (1985). Diversity and range of scleractinian coral hosts of Ascothoracida (Crustacea: Maxillopoda). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique.</em> 61(2):115-138.
page(s): 121 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gardiner JS, Waugh P. (1938). The flabellid and turbinolid corals. <em>Scientific reports of the John Murray Expedition, 1933-34, British Museum (Natural History). London.</em> 5 (7): 167-202.
page(s): 186-187 [details]   

additional source Alcock A. (1893). On some newly-recorded corals from Indian Seas. <em>Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.</em> 62 (2): 138–149.
page(s): 141-142 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1932). Deep-water corals from the Riukiu limestone of Kikai-Jima, Riukiu Islands. <em>Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Japan.</em> 8: 442-445.
page(s): 443 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Eguchi M. (1941). Simple corals from the Sumagui Formation, the Philippine Islands. <em>Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Japan.</em> 17(6): 210-215. [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Song J-I. (1982). A study on the classification of the Korean Anthozoa 7. Scleractinia (Hexacorallia). <em>Korean Journal of Zoology.</em> 25 (3): 131-148. [details]   

additional source Song J-I. (1991). A systematic study on the Korean Anthozoa 12. Order Scleractinia. <em>Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology.</em> 7 (1): 127-150, pls. 1-3. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD. (2021). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from New Caledonia. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 215:1-722. [details]   

additional source Hu CH. (1988). Some solitary fossil corals and paleoecology of the Tunghsaio and Lungkang formations of Miaoli region, northern Taiwan. <em>Proceedings of the Geological Society of China.</em> 31:140-153. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 412-413 [details]   

additional source Song, J. I.; Lee, I. (1998). Fauna of the anthozoans from adjacent waters of Geojedo Island in Korea. Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 14(3): 229-242
page(s): 239 [details]   

additional source Harrison, R. M.; Poole, M. (1909). Marine fauna from the Kerimba Archipelago, Portuguese East Africa, collected by Jas. J. Simpson, M.A., B.Sc., and R. N. Rudmose-Brown, BSc., University of Aberdeen: Madreporaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 3, 913-917
page(s): 913 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 88 [details]   

additional source Harrison, R. M.; Poole, M. (1909). Marine fauna from the Mergui Archipelago, Lower Burma, collected by Jas J. Simpson, M.A., B.Sc, and R. N. Rudmose-Brown, B.Sc., University of Aberdeen: Madreporaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 61, 897-912
page(s): 898-899, 912 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 64, 102, 111 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 3, 11, 15 [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1998). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 18(4): 361-417. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype AHF 49.1, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 161-7, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53648, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53649, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53650, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53651, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53653, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53654, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53659, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53661, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53662, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53664 [details]
Nontype IGPS 56575, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 59061, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 59069 [details]
Nontype LACM 49.2, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9065, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SMNH, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 97001, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 1056-88 [details]
Nontype WAM 151-83 [details]
Nontype WAM 152-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 162-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 163-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 164-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 248-93, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 262-93, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Stephanoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) MNHN, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate or azooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English striped bum coral  [details]