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Knight-Jones, Phyllis; Perkins, Thomas H. (1998). A revision of Sabella, Bispira and Stylomma (Polychaeta: Sabellidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London. 123: 385-467.
50662
10.1111/j.1096-3642.1998.tb01370.x [view]
Knight-Jones, Phyllis; Perkins, Thomas H.
1998
A revision of Sabella, Bispira and Stylomma (Polychaeta: Sabellidae)
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London
123: 385-467
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
Sabella is rediagnosed to include only species that have spiralled fascicles of abdominal chaetae, first thoracic shield with straight anterior border and radioles that lack composite eyes and flanges. Spirographis spallanzanii is synonymous with Sabella penicillus. The type of the genus is discussed and a neotype designated. The only other species retained in Sabella are S. pavonina and S. discifera (=Branchiomma linaresi, once misplaced in Megalomma, but abdominal fascicles of Megalomma form transverse rows). Most species formerly placed in Sabella are transferred to Bispira, having C-shaped fascicles of abdominal chaetae, first thoracic shield with a "W"-shaped anterior border and, in most species, radioles with paired composite eyes and flanges. Bispira, with B. volutacornis as the type species, is rediagnosed to include B. crassicornis, B. fabricii, B. melanostigma, B. tricyclia, B. viola, B. manicata, B. porifera, B. mariae, B. elegans, B. brunnea, B. guinensis, B. secusolutus, B. wireni, B. oatesiana, B. spirobranchia, B. pacifica, B. monroi, and B. turneri, many of which are described fully for the first time. Only five of these form bispiral crowns (bispirality is useful only specifically and occurs in other genera) and one, B. tricyclia, has a unispiral crown. Sabella palmata Quatrefages, the type of Stylomma is redescribed and its synonyms discussed. This genus has abdominal fascicles like those of Bispira, but radiolar eyes like those of Megalomma. The relative advantages of chaetal arrangement and eye position are discussed.
Mediterranean
North Atlantic
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2019-07-21 03:24:26Z
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 Distribution

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998) placed Subella gracillima Kinberg, 1867 from Rio de Janeiro, and four names in ... [details]

 Editor's comment

WoRMS until January 2016 was reporting this entry as Sabella penicillus Linnaeus, 1767, thus incorrectly as a new ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Serpula penicillus Linnaeus, 1758 (10th ed), here recombined as Sabella penicillus as transferred by Linnaeus 1767 ... [details]

 Publication date

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1988) use 1791 for the part 6 volume of Gmelin/Linnaeus [details]

 Specimen

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USNM 19013, poorly preserved (fide Knight-Jones & Perkins, 1998) [details]

 Spelling

Treadwell (1917:268) misspelled the genus as "Metalonome" (misspelling also noted by Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998)) [details]

 Synonymy

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998:433) cite Humann, 1991 for the first occurrence of the combination Bispira brunnea, ... [details]

 Synonymy

See Perkins (1984) for details of the change of the original combination to Demonax (now Parasabella). Knight-Jones ... [details]

 Synonymy

The synonymies of the group of species related to Sabella pavonina are complex, and the original works together ... [details]

 Synonymy

It is obvious strict priority is not being observed here. Synonymies of "spallanzanii" usages are very complex and ... [details]

 Synonymy

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998:416) proposed use of S. melanostigma over S. thoracica under prevailing usage, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998:416) proposed use of S. melanostigma over S. variegata under prevailing usage, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymies of "spallanzanii" usages are very complex and resolving them in WoRMS is not yet complete. Please see ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998) examined syntypes and confirmed the placement in Bispira. Earlier Fauvel (1927: 298) ... [details]

 Type designation

Neotype, designated Knight-Jones & Perkins (1998), Natural History Museum London, NHM 1929.12.23.1, collected ... [details]

 Type species

Linnaeus (1767:1268-9) included 7 species in Sabella, of which the last was Serpula penicillus Linnaeus 1758. As ... [details]

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