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Pleijel, Fredrik. (1991). Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta). Zoologica Scripta. 20(3): 225-261.
10.1111/j.1463-6409.1991.tb00289.x [view]
Pleijel, Fredrik
Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta)
Zoologica Scripta
20(3): 225-261
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
The phylogenetic relationships of the benthic phyllodocid genera are estimated by a parsimony analysis based on 26 morphological characters. It is concluded that the cephalization within Eteone has led to a reduction of segment 1 and loss of the first pair of tentacular cirri. Biramous parapodia (like in Austrophyllum and Notophyllum) constitute an ancestral state, which has evolved independently also within Phyllodoce. A new subfamily, Notophyllinae, is erected, and the two additional subfamilies, Phyllodocinae and Eteoninae, are redefined. Pareteoninae is treated as a junior synonym to Phyllodocinae, and Lugiinae as a nomen dubium. A number of genera are redefined and new combinations introduced. Based on type material Zverlinum and Phyllouschakovius are synonymized with Phyllodoce, Nipponophyllum with Notophyllym, Vitiaziphyllum with Eumida, Pareteone, Eulalia (Euphylla) and Compsanaitis with Paranaitis. More tentatively proposed synonymizations include Bergstroemia with Austrophyllum, Prophyllodoce with Phyllodoce, and Pseudeulalia with Protomystides. Eulalia lapsus is proposed as a replacement name for E. anoculata Fauchald, 1972, junior homonym to E. anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, and a number of species are synonymized and new combinations introduced. A checklist of phyllodocids together with information on the location of their type specimens is included.
Phylogeny, Phylogenesis
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2016-02-01 17:08:51Z
2016-11-08 10:18:08Z
2020-05-16 14:53:39Z


The author of Gyptis is Marion alone. It is quite clear that Marion alone wrote the 1874 'news item' article in ... [details]


Pleijel (1991), in a work in which he catalogued all phyllodocids, placed Mysta and Hypereteone as synonyms of ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Species wrongly recorded in WoRMS with spelling as Sige longocirrata until 24 Apr 2021, following Pleijel (1990, 1991). [details]


Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet lapsus is a Latin noun meaning 'a slip' or 'a lapse', ... [details]


Not stated. Anaitis is a Greek/Roman female name, and Southern has added 'para' (Greek for beside, near), a common ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine, as a prefix has been added to Anaitis, a Greek/Roman female name [details]


Junior primary homonym to Eulalia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, North Atlantic. [details]

 New combination

Pleijel et al. (2012) state that "Chamberlin’s species was considered to be of uncertain generic affinity in ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991:246) Bergström (1914:115) has 'Dubiomystides' as an error for Pseudomystides. However, ... [details]


Species misspelled as 'longocirrata' by Pleijel (1990, 1991). [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 250) "L. [Lugia] aurantiaca probably belongs to Eteone as originally assigned." [details]


Pleijel (1991: 234) examined holotypes of C. splendida and Eulalia nigrimaculata, and concluded they were synonyms. ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 255) this species is a ''Junior homonym, possibly also junior synonym, to Eulalia ... [details]


Pleijel (1991) synonymized Prophyllodoce to Phyllodoce, correctly inferring the dorsal 'process' on the first ... [details]


Fauvel (1923: 199) considered the species as indeterminable, stating that it was probably based on a juvenile of ... [details]


Chamberlin (1919: 167) regarded the genus Myrianida Milne-Edwards, 1845 as synonymous with Myriana Savigny, 1822: ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258) the generic allocation of the species is uncertain. [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258), Phyllodoce bulbosa Wesenberg-Lund, 1962 is possibly a senior synonym to ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258, 259), Phyllodoce monroi (Hartman, 1964) is possibly a junior synonym to Phyllodoce ... [details]


Pleijel (1991: 260) considered the species as a nomen dubium, with genus uncertain [details]


Pleijel (1991:245) refers that the main difference between Pseudeulalia and Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 is that ... [details]

 Type material

From Wilson (1988: 395): "There is some confusion as to the status of the USNM [20338] type material. The original ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype 19 mm long, stated to have been deposited in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, with the ... [details]

 Type material

''Type material lost'' (Pleijel, 1991: 257).  [details]


Valid according to some sources as Eteone (Mysta) barbata (Malmgren, 1865) or Mysta barbata. Pleijel (1991) ... [details]

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