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WoRMS taxon details

Cossura Webster & Benedict, 1887

129251  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129251)

accepted
Genus
Cossurella Hartman, 1976 · unaccepted (subjective synonymy)
Heterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)

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marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Webster, Harrison Edwin and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. <em>U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries.</em> 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855
page(s): 743; note: for Cossura longocirrata n.sp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic...  
Etymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic island known in ancient Greece, now called Pantellaria, located between Sicily and the coast of Africa. There is no obvious link to Webster & Benedict's worm specimens, but the very next genus they created was Ledon, also geographic in origin as a town in northern ancient Greece. Geonames lists only the Mediterranean Cossura instance. Webster & Benedict used a feminine species-group name with it. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Cossura Webster & Benedict, 1887. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129251 on 2024-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-03-01 04:03:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Webster, Harrison Edwin and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. <em>U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries.</em> 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855
page(s): 743; note: for Cossura longocirrata n.sp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cossurella Hartman, 1976) Hartman, Olga. (1976 [issue for 1974]). Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964 and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. <em>Journal of Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 16(1): 191-252., available online at http://mbai.org.in/php/journaldload.php?id=817&bkid=48
page(s): 234 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Heterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977) Wu, BaoLing; Chen, Mu. (1977). Heterocossura, a new genus of the Cossuridae (Polychaeta: Sedentaria). <em>Acta Zoologica Sinica.</em> 23(1): 97-101.
page(s): 97 [Chinese], 100 [English] [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

identification resource Read, Geoffrey B. (2000). Taxonomy and distribution of a new <i>Cossura</i> species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cossuridae) from New Zealand. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 113(4): 1096-1110., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35517577 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Zhadan, Anna. (2015). Cossuridae (Annelida: Polychaeta: Sedentaria) from Australian and adjacent waters: the first faunistic survey. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 67(1): 1-24., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.67.2015.1639 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis of Webster & Benedict (1887: 743): "Head and first two segments without appendages. Fourth segment with single median cirrus; no lateral cirri (branchiae). Capillary setae, dorsal and ventral from the third segment. Anal segment with three anal cirri. [details]

Etymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic island known in ancient Greece, now called Pantellaria, located between Sicily and the coast of Africa. There is no obvious link to Webster & Benedict's worm specimens, but the very next genus they created was Ledon, also geographic in origin as a town in northern ancient Greece. Geonames lists only the Mediterranean Cossura instance. Webster & Benedict used a feminine species-group name with it. [details]

Grammatical gender Assumed feminine as the species-group adjective longocirrata has a feminine suffix. Subsequent authors treated Cossura as feminine. [details]
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