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CaRMS taxon details

Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856

939  (

Subfamily Arctonoinae Hanley, 1989
Subfamily Lepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
Subfamily Lepidonotinae Willey, 1902
Subfamily Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Arcteobia Annenkova, 1937
  » Genus Austrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Enipo Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Eucranta Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Eunoe Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Gattyana McIntosh, 1897
  » Genus Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Hartmania Pettibone, 1955
  » Genus Lagisca Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Malmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
  » Genus Malmgreniella Hartman, 1967
  » Genus Melaenis Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Polynoe Lamarck, 1818
  » Genus Antinoella Augener, 1928 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (superseded subsequent rank of subjective synonym)
  » Genus Nemidia Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Enipo Malmgren, 1865 (subjective synonym)

Subfamily Polynoidae incertae sedis (temporary name)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2022). World Polychaeta Database. Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2022) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: on 2023-02-06
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2023). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed at: on 2023-02-06
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Barnich, Ruth; Fiege, Dieter. (2003). The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 559: 1-167., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at [details]   

additional source Wehe, Thomas. (2006). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. <i>Fauna of Arabia</i>. 22: 23–197. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at [details]   

identification resource Chambers, S.J. & Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. <em>Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series).</em> 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at [details]   

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus <em>Polyeunoa</em> McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). <i>Zootaxa</i>. 3523: 25-38., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Classification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
Dutch zeerupsen  [details]
English scalewormspolynoids  [details]
German Schuppenwürmer  [details]
Japanese ウロコムシ科  [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 060666)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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