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WoRMS taxon details

Prostoma Dugès, 1828

162630  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:162630)

accepted
Genus
Prostoma graecense (Böhmig, 1892) (type by subsequent designation)
Emea Leidy, 1852 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (Junior synonym)
Prostomum Dugès, 1828 · unaccepted > nomen oblitum (nomen oblitum, the correct name...)  
nomen oblitum, the correct name is actually Prostoma: see note.
Stichostemma Montgomery, 1894 · unaccepted (Junior synonym)

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  1. Species Prostoma armatum sensu Dugès, 1830
  2. Species Prostoma coronatum (Quatrefages, 1846)
  3. Species Prostoma giardii Hallez, 1879
  4. Species Prostoma maculatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
  5. Species Prostoma steenstrupii Hallez, 1879
  6. Species Prostoma stigmatum (Stimpson, 1857)
  7. Species Prostoma cruciatum (Bürger, 1895) accepted as Tetrastemma cruciatum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
  8. Species Prostoma helgolandicum accepted as Prostomum helgolandicus Mecznikow, 1865 accepted as Phonorhynchus helgolandicus (Mecznikow, 1865) Graff, 1905 (Literature misspelling by Graff (1879, 1882))
  9. Species Prostoma kefersteinii Claparède, 1863 accepted as Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845 (Synonym)
  10. Species Prostoma lineare Örsted, 1843 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 (Synonym)
  11. Species Prostoma lineare Schmidt, 1848 accepted as Prostoma lineare Örsted, 1843 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 (Synonym)
  12. Species Prostoma littorale Oersted, 1843 accepted as Macrorhynchus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Graff, 1882 accepted as Graffiellus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Hornung, 2016 (Synonym)
  13. Species Prostoma pulchra (Johnston, 1837) accepted as Nipponnemertes pulcher (Johnston, 1837) accepted as Nipponnemertes pulchra (Johnston, 1837) (synonym)
  14. Species Prostoma simplex Timofeev, 1911 accepted as Tetrastemma simplex (Timofeev, 1911) (synonym)
  15. Species Prostoma spectaculum Yamaoka, 1940 accepted as Prosadenoporus spectacula (Yamaoka, 1940) accepted as Prosadenoporus spectaculus (Yamaoka, 1940) (synonym)
  16. Species Prostoma suboviforme Ørsted, 1843 accepted as Graffiellus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Hornung, 2016 (nomen nudum)
  17. Species Prostoma tutus Monastero, 1930 accepted as Tetrastemma tutus (Monastero, 1930) (synonym)
  18. Species Prostoma unicolor (Hubrecht, 1879) accepted as Tetrastemma unicolor (Hubrecht, 1879) (synonym)
  19. Species Prostoma validum (Bürger, 1893) accepted as Antarctonemertes validum (Bürger, 1893) accepted as Antarctonemertes valida (Bürger, 1893) (synonym)
  20. Species Prostoma viera Timofeev, 1911 accepted as Tetrastemma viera (Timofeev, 1911) (synonym)
  21. Species Prostoma viperula Timofeev, 1911 accepted as Tetrastemma viperula (Timofeev, 1911) (synonym)
  22. Species Prostoma vitigerum Bürger, 1904 accepted as Tetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904) (Lapsus calami)
  23. Species Prostoma vittigerum Bürger, 1904 accepted as Tetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
marine, fresh
Dugès, A. (1828). Recherches sur l'organisation et les moeurs des Planariées. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles.</em> 15: 139–187. Plates 4–5., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6011487
page(s): 140 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff,...  
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff, Mereschkofsky, Hallez, Leydi,….) included several species of (rhabdocoel) turbellarians. [details]

Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the...  
Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the genera Pseudorhynchus (now Astrororhynchus), Acrorhynchus (now Acrorhynchides), Macrorhynchus (incl. the recent genera Macrorhynchus, Polycystis, Progyrator, Phonorhynchus), Gyratrix and Plagiostomum. Since then, the name has never been used anymore in descriptions of turbellaria.
 [details]
WoRMS (2024). Prostoma Dugès, 1828. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=162630 on 2024-06-25
Date
action
by
2005-07-04 07:45:17Z
created
2006-09-19 06:47:14Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2011-04-12 14:08:46Z
changed
2012-09-13 22:44:05Z
changed
2016-03-14 07:05:58Z
changed
2017-11-06 18:42:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dugès, A. (1828). Recherches sur l'organisation et les moeurs des Planariées. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles.</em> 15: 139–187. Plates 4–5., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6011487
page(s): 140 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Prostomum Dugès, 1828) Dugès, A. (1828). Recherches sur l'organisation et les moeurs des Planariées. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles.</em> 15: 139–187. Plates 4–5., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6011487 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Stichostemma Montgomery, 1894) Montgomery, T. H. (1894). Kritische Übersicht der Süsswasser-Nemertinen in: Stichostemma eilhardi nov. gen. nov. spec.;. Inaugural Dissertation. University of Berlin, 75 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Emea Leidy, 1852) Leidy, J. (1852). Description of new genera of Vermes. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 5 (1850-1851): 124-126., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1642712 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Graff, L., von. (1882). Monographie der Turbellarien 1. Rhabdocoelida. <em>[Book].</em> 1-442, Verlag Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at https://books.google.com/books/about/Monographie_der_Turbellarien.html?id=LT0hAQAAMAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source Gibson, R. (1995). Nemertean genera and species of the world: an annotated checklist of original names and description citations, synonyms, current taxonomic status, habitats and recorded zoogeographic distribution. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 29(2): 271-561., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939500770161 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Chernyshev, A. V. (2005). System of Families of Enoplan nemerteans of the order Eumonostilifera (Nemertea: Enopla). Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 31(suppl. 1): 27-33, available online at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11179-006-0012-6 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff, Mereschkofsky, Hallez, Leydi,….) included several species of (rhabdocoel) turbellarians. [details]

Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the genera Pseudorhynchus (now Astrororhynchus), Acrorhynchus (now Acrorhynchides), Macrorhynchus (incl. the recent genera Macrorhynchus, Polycystis, Progyrator, Phonorhynchus), Gyratrix and Plagiostomum. Since then, the name has never been used anymore in descriptions of turbellaria.
 [details]
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