WoRMS source details

Day, John H. (1973). New Polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars. 375: 1-140.
49623
10.5962/bhl.title.62852 [view]
Day, John H.
1973
New Polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina
NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars
375: 1-140
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Over 6,000 polychaete worms belonging to 229 species were collected on a transect running from the sandy shore near Beaufort. N.C., to the upper part of the continental slope in 200 m. Eleven more species were collected from the shores of Beaufort Sound and from grab samples in 400, 600, and 3,020 m off North Carolina. The whole collection includes 19 new species, 2 new subspecies, and 16 new records for the United States. These have been described. An examination of the literature revealed that a further 83 species had been recorded by earlier workers so that a total of 323 species of polychaete worms are now known from North Carolina. Keys have been constructed to cover the whole fauna, all original records have been listed, and references to good descriptions of each species are given. During the course of the work several type specimens were examined and this has resulted in certain changes in nomenclature and the redefinition of certain genera in the families Orbiniidae, Flabelligeridae, and Ampharetidae.
North-western Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Ampharete americana Day, 1973 (original description)
Ampharete parvidentata Day, 1973 (original description)
Aricidea cerruti [auctt. misspelling] accepted as Aricidea cerrutii Laubier, 1966 represented as Aricidea (Acmira) cerrutii Laubier, 1966 (additional source)
Asychis carolinae Day, 1973 accepted as Sabaco carolinae (Day, 1973) (original description)
Balanochaeta Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Piromis Kinberg, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Glycera asymmetrica Day, 1973 (original description)
Goniadides carolinae Day, 1973 (original description)
Hydroides elegantulus (Bush, 1910) accepted as Hydroides elegantula (Bush, 1910) (basis of record)
Hydroides uncinata (Phillipi, 1844) (taxonomy source)
Jasmineira bilobata Day, 1973 (original description)
Macroclymene zonalis (Verrill, 1874) (additional source)
Nereis (Neanthes) arenaceodentata (Moore, 1903) accepted as Neanthes arenaceodentata (Moore, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Nereis (Nereis) grayi Pettibone, 1956 accepted as Nereis grayi Pettibone, 1956 (additional source)
Nerinides unidentata Day, 1973 (original description)
Notomastus americanus Day, 1973 accepted as Notomastus hemipodus Hartman, 1945 (original description)
Odontosyllis longiseta Day, 1973 (original description)
Orbinia americana Day, 1973 (original description)
Orbinia fimbriata (Hartman, 1957) accepted as Leodamas fimbriatus (Hartman, 1957) (basis of record)
Orbinia riseri (Pettibone, 1957) (new combination reference)
Paraspio Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Spio Fabricius, 1785 (source of synonymy)
Pherusa ehlersi Day, 1973 accepted as Trophoniella ehlersi (Day, 1973) (original description)
Pherusa eruca (Claparède, 1869) accepted as Piromis eruca (Claparède, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Piromis eruca (Claparède, 1869) (new combination reference)
Piromis eruca websteri Day, 1973 accepted as Piromis websteri Day, 1973 (original description)
Polycirrus carolinensis Day, 1973 (original description)
Polycirrus eximius (Leidy, 1855) (additional source)
Polycirrus eximius dubius Day, 1973 accepted as Polycirrus dubius Day, 1973 (original description)
Pomatoceros americanus Day, 1973 accepted as Spirobranchus americanus (Day, 1973) (original description)
Psammolyce ctenidophora Day, 1973 accepted as Dayipsammolyce ctenidophora (Day, 1973) (original description)
Rhamphobrachium atlanticum Day, 1973 accepted as Longibrachium atlanticum (Day, 1973) (original description)
Samythella eliasoni Day, 1973 accepted as Eclysippe eliasoni (Day, 1973) (original description)
Scolaricia Eisig, 1914 accepted as Scoloplos Blainville, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Scolaricia capensis Day, 1961 accepted as Scoloplos capensis (Day, 1961) (new combination reference)
Scolaricia typica Eisig, 1914 accepted as Scoloplos typicus (Eisig, 1914) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos (Leodamas) fimbriatus Hartman, 1957 accepted as Leodamas fimbriatus (Hartman, 1957) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos (Scoloplos) capensis (Day, 1961) accepted as Scoloplos capensis (Day, 1961) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos (Scoloplos) riseri Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Orbinia riseri (Pettibone, 1957) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos typicus (Eisig, 1914) (basis of record)
Sthenelais anocula Day, 1973 (original description)
Stylarioides eruca (Claparède, 1869) accepted as Piromis eruca (Claparède, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) regulata carolinae Day, 1973 accepted as Dentatisyllis carolinae (Day, 1973) (original description)
Travisia parva Day, 1973 (original description)
Trophonia eruca Claparède, 1869 accepted as Piromis eruca (Claparède, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Holotype USNM 43118, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Notomastus americanus Day, 1973
Paratype USNM 43119, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Notomastus americanus Day, 1973
Holotype USNM 43126, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Travisia parva Day, 1973
Paratype USNM 43127, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Travisia parva Day, 1973
Holotype USNM 43130, geounit North Carolina, identified as Polycirrus eximius dubius Day, 1973
Holotype USNM 43138, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Orbinia americana Day, 1973
Holotype USNM 43146, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Syllis (Typosyllis) regulata carolinae Day, 1973
Paratype USNM 43147, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Syllis (Typosyllis) regulata carolinae Day, 1973
Holotype USNM 43145, geounit North Carolina Shelf, identified as Samythella eliasoni Day, 1973
 Depth range

Low water to about 200 m. [details]

 Depth range

122 m. [details]

 Depth range

19-80 m. [details]

 Description

Description by Day (1973: 84-86), based on specimens from Marseille: "Length up to 150 mm for 250 segments. ... [details]

 Dimensions

Holotype (USNM 43138): 10 mm long, for 38 segments (incomplete). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: from Massachusetts to North Carolina (USA). [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off Beaufort (North Carolina, USA). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic coast of USA: North Carolina. [details]

 Distribution

North Carolina Shelf, Northwest Atlantic. [details]

 Editor's comment

Vittor & Johnson's (1977) record from the Bahamas is erroneous, and probably should be attributed to Crucigera ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the type locality of the species, America.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet americana refers to the type locality of the species, the Atlantic coast of North America.  [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The subspecific epithet dubius is a Latin adjective meaning 'doubtful', and refers presumably to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet carolinae referes to the type locality of the subspecies, North Carolina (USA).  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet parva refers probably to the size of the worm when compared with the other species of Travisia ... [details]

 Habitat

In thicky muddy tubes of Sabaco elongatus (Verrill, 1873) (as Maldanopsis elongata), and on muddy and sandy ... [details]

 Habitat

Medium sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

On coral, at shallow depths. [details]

 Habitat

Shelly sand, at shallow shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Coarse to fine sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Specimen

Smithsonian Institution, Washington (USNM). [details]

 Synonymy

Day (1964:118) tentatively placed Eclysippe in Samythella Verrill, and later (1973:113) confirmed this synonymy. ... [details]

 Synonymy

See notes on genus Eclysippe for comments on status of L. vanelli. Day (1973:115) doubted L. vanelli is the same ... [details]

 Synonymy

Foster (1971) is one source for treatment of Paraspio as synonym of Spio. Day (1973: 76) also states (in text ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zibrowius (1968:109) treated H. uncinata as valid when he described his new taxon H. pseudouncinata, but later ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Day claimed to be renaming Eclysippe vanelli sensu Eliason (1955) as Samythella eliasoni, but his taxon was based ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort (34º34'N, 76º25'W). [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean. North Carolina, off Beaufort. [details]

 Type locality

Off Beaufort, North Carolina, Atlantic coast of USA (34.3833°, -75.9167°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Beaufort, North Carolina, Atlantic coast of USA (34.7236°, -75.4389°; geocoordinates from Glasby & Hutchings, ... [details]

 Type locality

off Beaufort, North Carolina, 34.37 -75.85, 190 m [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort (34º34'N, 76º25'W).  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina, off Beaufort. [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (USNM 43138). [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (USNM 43130). [details]

 Type material

According to Day (1973: 123), "Leidy's type of Torquaea [sic] eximia has been lost[details]