WoRMS source details

Mackie, Andrew S. Y. 1987. A review of species currently assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae), with descriptions of species newly referred to Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Sarsia, 72: 1-28.
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Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The species assigned to the genus Leitoscoloplos are re-examined. With the inclusion of five new taxa (L. geminus sp. nov., L. geminus provincialis subsp. nov., L. banzareae sp. nov., L. mammosus sp. nov., L. obovatus sp. nov.), seventeen species and two subspecies are now recognized. A further four species are newly referred to the genus Scoloplos: S. armiger alaskensis (HARTMAN, 1948), S. normalis (DAY, 1977), S. intermedius (HARTMAN, 1965), and S. similis sp. nov. (for Haploscoloplos cf. fragilis DAY, 1963). The status of the genus Leitoscoloplos and its relationship to Scoloplos are discussed. Identification of species is shown to require the combined consideration of several characters, some of which vary with size and age. A tabular guide to the species of Leitoscoloplos is given. Using a combination of features, five morphological groupings can be discerned. Of these, the L. kerguelensis group is the most morphologically and geographically cohesive. This observation suggests some degree of vicariance within the genus or, further, may be indicative of polyphyletic origins.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2013-10-28 07:43:13Z
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2013-10-31 21:45:48Z
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Haploscoloplos abranchiata Hartman, 1967 accepted as Leitoscoloplos abranchiatus (Hartman, 1967) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos foliosus Hartman, 1951 accepted as Leitoscoloplos foliosus (Hartman, 1951) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos fragilis intermedius Hartman, 1965 accepted as Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos kerguelensis chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Leitoscoloplos chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos mexicanus Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Leitoscoloplos mexicanus (Fauchald, 1972) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Haploscoloplos panamensis Monro, 1933 accepted as Leitoscoloplos panamensis (Monro, 1933) (new combination reference)
Haploscoloplos tortugaensis Monro, 1933 accepted as Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Leitoscoloplos Day, 1977 (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos abranchiatus (Hartman, 1967) (new combination reference)
Leitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987 accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (original description)
Leitoscoloplos bifurcatus (Hartman, 1957) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos bilobatus Mackie, 1987 (original description)
Leitoscoloplos chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos foliosus (Hartman, 1951) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987 (original description)
Leitoscoloplos geminus provincialis Mackie, 1987 (original description)
Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953) accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos latibranchus Day, 1977 (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987 (original description)
Leitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921) (basis of record)
Leitoscoloplos mexicanus (Fauchald, 1972) (new combination reference)
Leitoscoloplos obovatus Mackie, 1987 (original description)
Leitoscoloplos panamensis (Monro, 1933) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (redescription)
Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (redescription)
Scoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger alaskensis (Hartman, 1948) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos mawsoni Benham, 1921 accepted as Leitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos normalis (Day, 1977) (new combination reference)
Scoloplos similis Mackie, 1987 (original description)
MacRobertson Land for Leitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987 
New England (USA) for Leitoscoloplos obovatus Mackie, 1987 
New England (USA) for Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965) 
Port Jackson for Leitoscoloplos bilobatus Mackie, 1987 
Scotland for Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987 
South African Exclusive Economic Zone for Scoloplos similis Mackie, 1987 
South African part of the South Atlantic Ocean for Leitoscoloplos geminus provincialis Mackie, 1987 
South Orkney Islands for Leitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987 
Texas for Leitoscoloplos foliosus (Hartman, 1951) 
Paratype USNM 097410, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Nontype NHMUK 1902.1.8.5-7, geounit Franklin Island, identified as Leitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921)
Nontype NHMUK 1902.1.8.8-10, geounit Adare, Cape, identified as Leitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921)
Holotype NHMUK 1936.2.8.2360, geounit South Orkney Islands, identified as Leitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987
Paratype NHMUK 1936.2.8.2361-2384, geounit South Orkney Islands, identified as Leitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987
Nontype NHMUK 1936.2.8.2387, geounit Chile, identified as Leitoscoloplos chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965)
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1281, geounit Kerguelen Islands, identified as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1282, geounit Kerguelen Islands, identified as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1283, geounit Kerguelen Islands, identified as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Nontype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1285, geounit MacRobertson Land, identified as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Holotype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1488, geounit MacRobertson Land, identified as Leitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987
Paratype NHMUK 1941.3.3.1489-1491, geounit MacRobertson Land, identified as Leitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987
Holotype NHMUK 1961.9.442, geounit Cape Provinces, identified as Leitoscoloplos geminus provincialis Mackie, 1987
Paratype NHMUK 1961.9.443-458, geounit Cape Provinces, identified as Leitoscoloplos geminus provincialis Mackie, 1987
Paratype RSM 1984.26, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Holotype NHMUK 1984.55, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Paratype NHMUK 1984.56-58, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Nontype USNM 40188, geounit Nanoose Bay, identified as Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957)
Paratype SAMC A20261, geounit New England (USA), identified as Scoloplos similis Mackie, 1987
Holotype LACM AHF Poly 1450, geounit New England (USA), identified as Leitoscoloplos obovatus Mackie, 1987
Paratype LACM AHF Poly 1451, geounit New England (USA), identified as Leitoscoloplos obovatus Mackie, 1987
Paratype AHF N4486, geounit Greenlandic part of Baffin Bay, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Holotype AHF Poly 0686, geounit New England (USA), identified as Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965)
Holotype AHF Poly 0688, geounit Texas, identified as Leitoscoloplos foliosus (Hartman, 1951)
Paratype NRS Type No. 3286, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Paratype AM W.198714, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Holotype AM W.199516, geounit Port Jackson, identified as Leitoscoloplos bilobatus Mackie, 1987
Paratype AM W.6475, geounit Port Jackson, identified as Leitoscoloplos bilobatus Mackie, 1987
Paratype NMW Z.1985.023.17, geounit Scotland, identified as Leitoscoloplos mammosus Mackie, 1987
Holotype BMNH ZB 1984.54, geounit New England (USA), identified as Scoloplos similis Mackie, 1987
 Depth range

Shore to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

24-36 m.  [details]

 Depth range

25-110 m. [details]

 Depth range

1377-1417 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

Orbiniidae with a conical prostomium, one achaetous buccal segment (peristomium), thoracic neurochaetae all ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the species Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis to specimens possessing 9 thoracic chaetigers ... [details]

 Dispersal

Pacific Ocean: Salsipuedes Basin (Gulf of California). [details]

 Distribution

South Australia and New South Wales (Australia); Marovo Lagoon, Vangunu Island (Solomon Islands).  [details]

 Distribution

Antarctic Ocean: off MacRobertson Land.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Port Jackson (New South Wales). [details]

 Distribution

Southern Ocean: South Orkney Islands.  [details]

 Distribution

Southern Indian Ocean: Kerguelen Islands. Mackie (1987: 4) restricted the distribution of the species to the ... [details]

 Distribution

North Atlantic: Scotland (Loch Creran); Greenland (Murchison Sound, Baffin Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Antarctica: Adelie Land; Ross Sea; Victoria Land. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off New England (USA). [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet foliosus is a Latin adjective meaning 'leafy' or 'full ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet minutus refers to the small size of the subspecies in relation to the stem species ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet banzareae is derived from the acronym BANZARE (British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific epithet bilobatus, from bis (L.), 'twice' and lobos (Gk.), 'rounded flap'. The specific name relates to ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet geminus, Latin adjective meaning 'twin', refers to the close resemblance of the species to ... [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet provincialis refers to the type locality of the species, off Cape Province (South Africa).  [details]

 Etymology

The subspecific epithet minutus refers to the small size of the subspecies in relation to the stem species ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet mammosus, Latin adjective meaning 'full breasted' or 'having breast-shaped protruberances', ... [details]

 Etymology

Obovatus from ob (L.), against and ovum (L.), egg. The specific name refers to the obovate abdominal subpodal papillae. [details]

 Etymology

Similis (L.) resembling, similar. The specific name relates to the similarity of the species to S. intermedius[details]

 Habitat

Not registered.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Unknown. [details]

 Habitat

Mud, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, probably soft, at slope depths. [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W.199516). [details]

 Reproduction

One specimen (NRS no. 3480) ovigerous, being an anterior fragment of 24 chaetigers, 8 mm long, thoracic width 0.88 ... [details]

 Reproduction

One specimen (NRS no. 3480) ovigerous, being an anterior fragment of 24 chaetigers, 8 mm long, thoracic width 0.88 ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to Leitoscoloplos by Mackie (1987). Monro (1936: 160) suggested that the species could be referred to ... [details]

 Type locality

Off MacRobertson Land, Antarctic Ocean (66°45'S, 62°03'E).  [details]

 Type locality

North Head, Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.825°, 151.3°). [details]

 Type locality

East end of Normanna Strait, near Cape Hansen, Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands, Antarctic Ocean (gazetteer ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Cape Province, South Africa, Atlantic Ocean, holotype and paratypes from combined material of stations WCD.61 ... [details]

 Type locality

Upper basin of Loch Creran, west coast of Scotland, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 56.54°, -5.32°). [details]

 Type locality

East of upper end of Block Canyon, off New England, USA, Atlantic Ocean (39.9733°, -70.6717°). [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles (AHF Poly 0684).  [details]

 Type material

Syntypes deposited at the Australian Musem, Sydney (59 syntypes, AM W769).  [details]