WoRMS source details

Humphreys, W.F. (1981). The echinoderms of Kenya's marine parks and adjacent regions. Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Africa (Tervuren, Belgium) Zoologische Documentatie 19. 39 pp.
6000
Publication
The echinoderm collection made during the Bangor-Watamu Expedition is documented. For many of the 107 species recorded, notes are given on habitat, appearance in life and biotic relations. Most of the collection was made in the Watamu Marine Park, Kenya and smaller collections made at several locations between Lamu and Zanzibar. The species distribution is tabulated according to habitat and abundance. Full systematic and biological references are omitted as they have been fully referenced in several recent works.
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Aldabra for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Aldabra for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Hawaiian Exclusive Economic Zone for Opheodesoma spectabilis Fisher, 1907 
Kenya for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Actinopyga Bronn, 1860 
Kenya for Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
Kenya for Actinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Kenya for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Kenya for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Kenya for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
Kenya for Amphiura luetkeni Duncan, 1879 
Kenya for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Kenya for Asteropsis carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Kenya for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Kenya for Bohadschia koellikeri (Semper, 1868)  (inaccurate)
Kenya for Bohadschia marmorata Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) 
Kenya for Clypeaster fervens Koehler, 1922 
Kenya for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Commissia hartmeyeri AH Clark, 1912 
Kenya for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Kenya for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Kenya for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Kenya for Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
Kenya for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Kenya for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Kenya for Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Kenya for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Kenya for Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Gomophia egyptiaca egeriae A.M. Clark, 1967 
Kenya for Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Kenya for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Kenya for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Stauropora) fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Holothuria (Stauropora) pervicax Selenka, 1867 
Kenya for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Kenya for Labidodemas semperianum Selenka, 1867 
Kenya for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Kenya for Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Leiaster glaber Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840 
Kenya for Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Macrophiothrix propinqua (Lyman, 1861) 
Kenya for Maretia planulata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Monachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Kenya for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Kenya for Opheodesoma spectabilis Fisher, 1907  (doubtful)
Kenya for Ophiactis picteti (de Loriol, 1893) 
Kenya for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophiarthrum elegans Peters, 1851 
Kenya for Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Kenya for Ophiocoma doederleini de Loriol, 1899 
Kenya for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Kenya for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Kenya for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Kenya for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Kenya for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Kenya for Ophiomastix koehleri Devaney, 1977 
Kenya for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Kenya for Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Kenya for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Kenya for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Kenya for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Kenya for Ophioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Kenya for Ophiothela tigris Lyman, 1871 
Kenya for Ophiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) 
Kenya for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Kenya for Ophiothrix savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Kenya for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Kenya for Parasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 
Kenya for Prionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) 
Kenya for Protoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Stichopus variegatus Semper, 1868  (inaccurate)
Kenya for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Synapta maculata (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) 
Kenya for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Kenya for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenyan Exclusive Economic Zone for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Madagascar for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mascarene Basin for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Tanzania for Amphiura luetkeni Duncan, 1879 
Tanzania for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzania for Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 
Tanzania for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan andSsouth Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background fawn-grey with two to three irregular dark brown bands (including tubercles) across arms ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: white with pale purple-brown anterior and posterior ends (Humphreys, 1981. Also distributed in ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 14 cm, disc diameter to 1 cm. Disc surface with or without scattered stumps, but lthe ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep brown above becoming greyish below, in contracted state becomes red-brown (Humphreys, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc grey with hexagonal paler areas, or uniformly grey-brown above with five single white dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc spineless, uniformly dark purple with white edges, dorsal arm plates off-white with large ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to O. tigris, with granules and spinelets on disc and arms, variable colour pattern (Richmond, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype natural History Museum, London (England) No. 1880.1.3.15. Type locality: Korean Seas (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Holotype

Holotype: Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2399. Type ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype ?Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève (Switzerland). Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève (Switzeland). Type locality: Mauritius (as 'Ile Maurice')(Rowe & ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype ?Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève (Switzerland). Type locality: Singapore (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Labidodemas Selenka, 1867. Syntypes Zoologisches Museum, Göttingen (Germany), Museum of ... [details]

 Synonymy

In Subgenus (Amphiura) Forbes, 1843 [details]

 Type locality

Hawaii. Type specie of the genus Opheodesoma Fisher, 1907 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]