WoRMS taxon details

Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

105836  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105836)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie. Paris. i-lvi + 1-215, Pls. A-B + 1-100. [details]   
Type locality contained in Mediterranean Sea  
type locality contained in Mediterranean Sea [details]
Description Possibly to 609 cm. Also in coastal waters. Eats schooling fish, including mackerels, bluefishes, clupeids, needlefishes,...  
Description Possibly to 609 cm. Also in coastal waters. Eats schooling fish, including mackerels, bluefishes, clupeids, needlefishes, lancetfishes and lanternfishes, also squids, octopi and other pelagic crustaceans, and rarely seabirds. Spatial and depth segregation by sex in northwestern Indian Ocean populations. Uses its long caudal fin to bunch up and even stun schooling prey (Ref. 2850). Unconfirmed boat attacks. Valued for its meat, liver, hide and fins; utilized fresh, dried-salted, smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Cuba  
Distribution Newfoundland to Cuba [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105836 on 2018-06-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie. Paris. i-lvi + 1-215, Pls. A-B + 1-100. [details]   

original description  (ofAlopias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae, 1788-93. v. 1 (pt 3), pp 1033-1516., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.36932 [details]   

original description  (ofAlopias macrourus Rafinesque, 1810) Rafinesque, C. S. (1810). Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. Per le stampe di Sanfilippo: Palermo, Italy. pp. 105, 20 fold. Pl. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofSqualus vulpes Gmelin, 1789) Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae, 1788-93. v. 1 (pt 3), pp 1033-1516., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.36932 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie. Paris. i-lvi + 1-215, Pls. A-B + 1-100.
page(s): 9 [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 9 [details]   

additional source  (ofAlopias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofGaleus vulpecula Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopias caudatus Phillipps, 1932) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopias greyi Whitley, 1937) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofCarcharias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus alopecias Gronow, 1854) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus vulpinus Bonnaterre, 1788) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopecias barrae Pérez Canto, 1886) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopecias chilensis Philippi, 1902) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopecias longimana Philippi, 1902) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofVulpecula marina Garman, 1913) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus vulpes Berkenhout, 1789) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofAlopecias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopecias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Gilson, G. (1921). Les poissons d'Ostende [The fishes of Ostend]. Société Anonyme belge d'Imprimerie: Bruxelles, Belgium. 110 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofAlopecias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopias macrourus Rafinesque, 1810) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofAlopias macrourus Rafinesque, 1810) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source  (ofSqualus vulpes Gmelin, 1789) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlopias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofAlopias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789)) Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofAlopias macrourus Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus vulpes Gmelin, 1789) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSqualus vulpes Gmelin, 1789) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description Possibly to 609 cm. Also in coastal waters. Eats schooling fish, including mackerels, bluefishes, clupeids, needlefishes, lancetfishes and lanternfishes, also squids, octopi and other pelagic crustaceans, and rarely seabirds. Spatial and depth segregation by sex in northwestern Indian Ocean populations. Uses its long caudal fin to bunch up and even stun schooling prey (Ref. 2850). Unconfirmed boat attacks. Valued for its meat, liver, hide and fins; utilized fresh, dried-salted, smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). [details]

Diet Bluefish, menhaden, shad, mackerel and other schooling fishes, as well as squid [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Cuba [details]

Habitat warm and temperate areas of all the World's oceans [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Importance Social- Commercial, gamefish [details]

Predators Man [details]

Reproduction Ovoviviparous, litter consists of 4-6 pups [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans fynstert-sambokhaai  [details]
Albanian peshku dhelpërpeshkaqeni dhelpërpeshkaqeni bishtshpatë  [details]
Breton louarn-vôr  [details]
Danish rævehaj  [details]
Dutch voshaai  [details]
English whiptail sharktresherthresher sharkthresherthrasher sharkthintail thresherslashersea foxsea apelong-tailed sharkfox sharkcommon thresher  [details]
French touille à l'épéesinge de merrenard marinrenard de merrenardpoisson épéepéi aspasu ratoula faux  [details]
German Fuchshai  [details]
Hebrew כרישועל זנבתן  [details]
Italian volpe di marepisci sciabula turcapisci cudutopisci cuda longapisce surcipescio rattopesce volpepesce sorciopesce pavonepesce bannerapesce bandierapavone di marepavoneallopia volpe marinaallopia coda lunga  [details]
Japanese マオナガonagazamenezumezamenadebukama-onaga  [details]
Lithuanian paprastoji jūrų lapė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Αλεπού της θάλασσαςΑλεπόσκυλος  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål revehai  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk revehai  [details]
Polish lis morskikosogon  [details]
Portuguese zorro cauda longatubarâo raposoromâoromanopeixe zorrapeixe ratopeixe raposopeixe cavallopeixe alecrimarequim  [details]
Russian Обыкновенная морская лисица [from synonym]морская лисица обыкновеннаяlisitska morskayia  [details]
Slovenian morska lisica  [details]
Spanish zorro blancozorrozorra de martiburón zorro comúnrabosapez zorropeix espasa  [details]
Swedish rävhajraefhajen  [details]
Turkish tilki balığıtilki baligisapan balığısapan baligi  [details]
Ukrainian Лисица морскаяЗвичайна морська лисиця [from synonym]Акула лисяча  [details]
Welsh llwynog môrLluynog mor  [details]