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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) 
AphiaID: 137080

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarnivora (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPinnipedia (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichoerus (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichoerus Nilsson, 1820
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgråsæl  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkegelrobUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrijze zeehond  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey sealUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgray seal  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorphoque gris  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKegelrobbe  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorיפעתן  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca grigiaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralichero  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorilgasnukis ruonis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΓκρίζα φώκια  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhavertUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgråsel  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhavertUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgråsel  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoka szara  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorили серый тюленьUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorдлинномордый  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsivi tjulenj  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca gris  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgråsäl  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrifokUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgri fokUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorboz fok  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorдовгомордий тюлень  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorlo llwyd  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Black Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBlack Sea (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Arctic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArctic Ocean [details]
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPolish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeeland [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOrkney [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGerman Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (48 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (317 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (189 nucleotides; 212 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Individual release: accidental release by individuals (e.g. aquarium discards) [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Grey seals breed during winter. They are less shy and more curious than the harbour seal. Young, grey seals must stay out of water until they have gained weight and moulted and for this reason they remain in a raised location for the first few weeks of their life.


Grey seals feed mainly on mackerel, young cod and other round fish, but also on cephalopods and crustaceans, in contrast to harbour seals which eat more flatfish. [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Fish, crustaceans, squid [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 245 cm (8') males, 215 cm (7') females; Weight: 450 kg (990 lb males, 270 kg (600 lb) females [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution cold temperate to subarctic North Atlantic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance They are considered pests to most fishing practices, especially herring weirs and Atlantic Salmon aquaculture sites. They are considered the primary host for the codworm. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Grey seal males attain 1.7 m in length and a weight of 120 kilos, whereas females are smaller reaching just 1.5 m and 90 kilos. Sexual dimorphism here is more pronounced than in any other seal species. The male is darker possessing light spots and an elongated snout. In contrast, females are lighter with darker spots. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: medium size seal, long head ("horsehead"), W-shaped nostrils, coat is mottled, female has light coat with dark spots, male has dark coart with light spots (when wet looks grey or dark). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Pupping: mid December to February on rocky ledges, white coat; Weaning: 16 days followed by moult [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137080
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2010-05-20 10:05:06Z  changed  Churchill, Morgan
2010-05-20 10:09:49Z  checked  Berta, Annalisa
  
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  Citation: Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137080 on 2014-08-31
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License