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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 137090

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMysticeti (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenopteridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera Lacépède, 1804
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena borealis Fischer, 1829 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena maximus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena musculus Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera carolinae Malm, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera gigas Reinhardt, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera indica Blyth, 1859 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera jubartes Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera miramaris Lahille, 1898 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera sibbaldi Van Beneden, 1887 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera sibbaldii Flower, 1885 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus latirostris Flower, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus sibbaldii Gray, 1847 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterobalaena gigas Reinhardt, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterobalaena grypus Munter, 1877 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRorqualus boops F. Cuvier, 1836 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRorqualus borealis Hamilton, 1837 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRorqualus major Knox, 1870 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbaldius antarcticus Burmeister, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbaldius borealis Gray, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbaldius musculus Kellogg, 1929 (synonym)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 76 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Afrikaans Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorblouwalvis  [details]
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoromgoliaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorabugulikh  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbalena blava  [details]
Chukot Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortnmerken-uiiutChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorakhvorkhrikh  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorplejtvák obrovský  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorblauwe vinvis  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsulphurbottom whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbald's rorqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOstende whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgreat rorqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgreat northern rorqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgreat blue whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinny whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon rorqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblue whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblue rorqual  [details]
French Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqual de SibbaldChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqual bleuChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine jubarteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine d'OstendChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine bleue  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchwefelbauchwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchanelwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRiesenwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlauwal  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsteypireydrChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhrefnaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhafreydur  [details]
Indonesian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpaus biruChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorlaylan agi  [details]
Italian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbalenottera azzura  [details]
Japanese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsiro nagasu kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortunnolik  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editordaewang-gorae  [details]
Malagasy Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortrozona manga  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrörqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorheipe-reydurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblaahval  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleia azul  [details]
Russian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsinii kitChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgoluboi kitChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbolshoi polosatikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblyuval  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorcual giganteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorcual azulChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkilaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgran rorcalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena azulChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoralfawareChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoralfaguara  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormuskel finnfiskChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorjattenhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblaval  [details]
Yupik languages Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortakyshkokChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortakerrkak  [details]
Direct child
taxa (4)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus brevicauda Ichihara, 1966
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus indica Blyth, 1859
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus intermedia Burmeister, 1872
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Southern Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubantarctic Waters [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctica [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWorld Oceans [details]
From regional or thematic species database
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIcelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  carnivore [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenophilus unisetus Aurivillius, 1879 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella balaenoptera Koren & Danielssen, 1877 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella antarctica Quidor, 1913 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhttp://www.marinemammals.gov.au/sorp 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (350 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None; based primarily on Balaena fistula duplici of Artedi, 1738. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Endangered (EN); Antarctic population Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: colour slate blue to grayish blue and mottled with lighter spots, particularly on the back and shoulders. Underside often covered with microorganisms, giving the belly a yellowish tinge. dorsal fin short, only about 35 cm, and placed far back on the body. Upper jaw is the widest in the genus, and the rostrum is the bluntest. There are 50-90 throat grooves that extend from the chin to just beyond the navel. Average length is adult males is 25 m and females is 27m. Largest animal in the world. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Firth of Forth, Scotland, UK [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet euphausiids with some squid, amphipods, copepods, red crabs [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 65 1/2' -101 1/2' (20-31 m), female 69-110' (21-33.6 m), at birth 19 1/2' + (5.9 m+) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Found in all oceans of the world. Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat mostly offshore but also near the coast [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat offshore [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Gestation is 11-12 months long with young born in warm, low latitude waters in the winter months after the adults return from their high latitude feeding grounds. Weaned: 7-8 months. Sexual maturity occurs at 8-9 years and young are produced every 2-3 years. [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 12 & 13)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Dubar (1828, pl. 01)
Dubar (1828, pl. 01)
Dubar (1828, pl. 02)
Dubar (1828, pl. 02)
Dubar (1828, pl. 03)
Dubar (1828, pl. 03)
Dubar (1828, pl. 04)
Dubar (1828, pl. 04)
Dubar (1828, pl. 05)
Dubar (1828, pl. 05)
Dubar (1828, pl. 06)
Dubar (1828, pl. 06)
Dubar (1828, pl. 07)
Dubar (1828, pl. 07)
Dubar (1828, pl. 08)
Dubar (1828, pl. 08)
Dubar (1828, pl. 09)
Dubar (1828, pl. 09)
Dubar (1828, pl. 10)
Dubar (1828, pl. 10)
Dubar (1828, pl. 11)
Dubar (1828, pl. 11)
Dubar (1828, pl. 12)
Dubar (1828, pl. 12)
Dubar (1828, pl. 13)
Dubar (1828, pl. 13)
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue whale (Balaenopte...
Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) off California
Blue whale (Balaenopte...
Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue whale (Balaenopte...
Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue whale (Balaenopte...
Blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue whales (Balaenopt...
Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue whale (Balaenopte...
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
Blue whale stranding
Blue whale stranding
Blue whale-lateral view
Blue whale-lateral view
Blue whale-alternate ventral view
Blue whale-alternate v...
Balaenoptera musculus
Balaenoptera musculus
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137090
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137090 on 2014-11-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License