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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 137091

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMysticeti (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenopteridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera Lacépède, 1804
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena antipodarum Tomilin, 1957 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena antiquorum Fischer, 1829 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena boops Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena maximus borealis Knox, 1838 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena mysticetus major Kerr, 1792 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena physalis Kerr, 1792 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena physalus Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena quoyi Fischer, 1829 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena rostrata australis Desmoulins, 1822 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena sulcata Neill, 1811 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera antarctica Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera aragous Farines & Carcasonne, 1829 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera australis Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera blythii Anderson, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera brasiliensis Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera gibbar Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera mediterraneensis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera mediterranensis Cabrera, 1961 (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera musculus Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera patachonica Lahille, 1905 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera patachonicus Burmeister, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera patagonica Dabbene, 1902 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera quoyii Lonnberg, 1906 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera rorqual Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera sulcata
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera sulcata arctica Schlegel, 1841 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera swinhoii Gray, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera tenuirostris Sweeting, 1840 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera velifera Cope, 1869 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera velifera copei Elliot, 1901 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenopteris guibusdam Tomilin, 1957 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenedenia knoxii Gray, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDubertus rhodinsulensis Tomilin, 1957 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalis vulgaris Fleming, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus antarcticus Gray, 1850 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus australis Gray, 1850 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus brasiliensis Gray, 1850 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus dugundii Heddle, 1856 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus fasciatus Gray, 1850 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus patachonicus Burmeister, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus verus Billberg, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterobalaena communis Van Beneden, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterobalaena gigantea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterobalaena gigantea michrochira Barkos, 1862 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRorqualus musculus F. Cuvier, 1836 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbaldius tectirostris Cope, 1869 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSibbaldius tuberosus Cope, 1869 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSwinhoia chinensis Gray, 1868 (synonym)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 75 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Afrikaans Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvinwalvis  [details]
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormangidakhChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormangidadakh  [details]
Arabic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorharcul chaii  [details]
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorФинвалUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorСин кит [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsin kit [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinvаl  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqual comú  [details]
Chukot Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorniltkhokkein uiiutChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornilchoken biuu  [details]
Croatian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorveliki kit  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorplejtvák myšok  [details]
Danish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSilde-RorenUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinhvalUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblåhval [from synonym]  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvinvisChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgewone vinvisUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblauwe vinvis [from synonym]  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrazor backChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorherring whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinnerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinback whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfin whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon rorqualChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon finwhaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon finback whaleUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblue whale [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbig finner  [details]
French Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvraie baleineChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqual communUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine bleue [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine américaine  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchnabelwalUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchanelwal [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRiesenwal [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFinnwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFinnfischUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlauwal [from synonym]  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorלויתן ענק [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorלויתן מצויUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorלווייתן מצויChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorlivyatan matzui  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsildrekiChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsildrekChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorlangreydurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhunfubaksChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfurehvalerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinnhvaler  [details]
Indonesian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpaus sirip  [details]
Italian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqualoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqualloChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorqual comuneChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbalenottera fisalloChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbalenottera comuneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbalenottera azzurra [from synonym]  [details]
Japanese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornagasu kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortunnolikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkeporkarnak  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcham-gorae  [details]
Koryak Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvapakylichan  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormėlynasis banginis [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinvalas  [details]
Malagasy Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortrozona amam-bombo  [details]
Maltese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaliena mbacca  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΠτεροφάλαιναUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΓαλάζια φάλαινα [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpterofálaina  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorstor-hvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsildrörChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsildehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorenChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorloddehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinqvalUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinnhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinefiskUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblåhval [from synonym]  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinnhvalUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblåhval [from synonym]  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinnkvalUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblåkval [from synonym]  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpłetwal błękitny [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfinwal  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleia-finaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleia-comum  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorфинвалUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorсельдяной китUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorкит синий [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorseldianoi polosatikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorobyknovennyi polosatikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornastoiashchiy polosatikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinval  [details]
Sami languages Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorreider  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsinji kit [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrazdasti kit  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorcual de aletaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrorcual comúnUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrorcual azul [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkilaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena fisalusChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena finChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena de aletaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena boba  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsillvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsillhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorrörvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfinnfiskUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblåval [from synonym]  [details]
Turkish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoruzun balinaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgök balinası [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgök balina [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfin balinasıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfin balinasi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorФінвалUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorСмугастик Брайда [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorСиній кит [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКит синій [from synonym]  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil asgellog llwydUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil asgellog glas [from synonym]  [details]
Yupik languages Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortykyshkok  [details]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera physalus physalus Tomilin, 1946
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera physalus quoyi Fischer, 1829

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera physalus quoyii Tomilin, 1946 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenoptera physalus quoyi Fischer, 1829
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Southern Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubantarctic Waters [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctica [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWorld Oceans [details]
From regional or thematic species database
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDen Helder [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVlissingen [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  carnivore [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaenophilus unisetus Aurivillius, 1879 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella balaenopterae Koren & Danielssen, 1877 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (159 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (228 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (276 nucleotides; 160 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None; based primarily on the "finfish" of Martens (1675) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Endangered (EN) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: white lower jaw on right, gray on left. Blow readily visible-10 m(33') tall, straight column. Curved dorsal fin closer to tail. light grey with white belly, occasional blotches of orange/yellow, blaze or chevron extending from eye across back. Fin and blue whales have the deepest, loudest voices in the ocean, letting them communicate over great distances. Second largest living animal after the blue whale. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Killer whale (Orcinus orca) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Calving: December to April in Northern Hemisphere, austral winter in Southern Hemisphere, in unknown localities; Weaning: 1 year [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Oceano Europaeo," specifically the Spitzbergen Sea [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet schooling fish, euphasiids and other invetebrates, copepods (when young), squid [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 58-82' (17.7-25 m), female 60-88 1/2' (18.3-27 m), at birth 19 1/2' + (5.9 m+) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat mostly offshore but also near the coast [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance In the North-West Atlantic region, it is the dominant large cetacean species in all seasons, with the largest standing stock, the largest food requirements, and therefore the largest impact on the ecosystem of any cetacean species. [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Fin whale
Fin whale
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 03)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
[image from synonym]
Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
Fin whale (Balaenopter...
Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
Fin whale (Balaenopter...
Fin whale surfacing
Fin whale surfacing
Balaenoptera physalus
Balaenoptera physalus
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137091
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137091 on 2014-09-16
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License