WoRMS taxon details

Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758

137142  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137142)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back black; rest of plumage white; trailing edge of wing and tips of primaries white....  
Description Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back black; rest of plumage white; trailing edge of wing and tips of primaries white. Immature brown replaces black of adult; white parts mottled brown with less mottling on foreneck, breast and belly, wide dark band on tail. Bare parts: iris cream to white; eyering red to orange; bill yellow with red spot near tip of lower mandible, blackish to pale greyish with black tip in immature; feet and legs yellow, pinkish in immature. Habitat: coast and inland waters. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Distribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from Eastern Canada, from the Bay of Fundy south  
Distribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from Eastern Canada, from the Bay of Fundy south [details]
WoRMS (2018). Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137142 on 2018-06-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T.; Peterson, V.M. (2002). A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75 (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 71 [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (HKRMS) HKBWS. (2013). Hong Kong Bird Report 2011. The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society.  [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Type locality 
 

From other sources
Description Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back black; rest of plumage white; trailing edge of wing and tips of primaries white. Immature brown replaces black of adult; white parts mottled brown with less mottling on foreneck, breast and belly, wide dark band on tail. Bare parts: iris cream to white; eyering red to orange; bill yellow with red spot near tip of lower mandible, blackish to pale greyish with black tip in immature; feet and legs yellow, pinkish in immature. Habitat: coast and inland waters. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Dimensions Length: 21" (53 cm); Wingspan: 54" (137 cm) [details]

Distribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from Eastern Canada, from the Bay of Fundy south [details]

Remark Forms a superspecies with L. dominicanus & L. argentatus [details]

Reproduction Breeds from Iceland and the northern coast of Europe south to the British Isles and France. Winters from its Breeding range south to central Africa and western Asia. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Bulgarian Малка черногърба чайка  [details]
Danish sildemåge  [details]
Dutch kleine mantelmeeuw  [details]
English Scandinavian lesser black-backed gulllesser black-backed gull  [details]
French goéland de la Balqituegoéland brun  [details]
German Heringsmöwe  [details]
Hebrew שחף שחור  [details]
Italian zafferano  [details]
Japanese ニシセグロカモメ  [details]
Lithuanian silkinis kiras  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μελανόγλαρος  [details]
Norwegian sildemåke  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål sildemåke  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk sildemåse  [details]
Polish mewa żółtonoga  [details]
Romanian pescăruşul negricios  [details]
Russian клуша  [details]
Scottish Gaelic droimneach beag  [details]
Slovenian rjavi galeb  [details]
Spanish gaviota sombría  [details]
Swedish silltrut  [details]
Turkish karasırtlı martıkarasirtli marti  [details]
Ukrainian Чорнокрилий мартинМартин чорнокрилий  [details]
Welsh gwylan gefnddu leiaf  [details]