WoRMS taxon details

Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423659  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423659)

accepted
Species
Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916) Hentschel, E. (1916). 3- Die Spongien des Eisfjords <i>In</i>: Zoologische Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Expedition nach Spitzbergen, 1908. Teil II. <em>Kungliga Svenska vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar.</em> 54 (3): 1-18.
page(s): 12-14 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in North and East Barents Sea  
type locality contained in North and East Barents Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887), Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909 and Haliclona (Gellius) arctica (Hentschel, 1916).
1. Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421 (type locality Norsko, Norway). Reniera Schmidt, 1862 was synonymised with Haliclona Grant, 1841 and used as a subgenus by Wiedenmayer (1977: 80), making it a senior secondary homonym of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 (= Haliclona (Gellius) arctica) (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). From Fristedt’s (1887: 421) brief description of the species it remains equivocal which of the subgenera of Haliclona it should be assigned to.
2. Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909: 433 (type locality Cape Tobin, East Greenland). The combination Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875 has also been reported as Gellius varius from the Arctic by Lundbeck (1909: 433). Koltun (1959: 214) thought it to be unlikely to be the same species as the tropical shallow-water type material and ‘illegally’ conferred authorship of the Arctic specimens to Lundbeck (1909: 433), which in fact created a junior homonym. Koltun (l.c.) also named Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 as a junior synonym of Gellius varius, providing the opportunity to remove the homonymy with Bowerbank’s species. However, Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 is also a junior secondary homonym of Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421. The here proposed new name, Haliclona ernsti nom.nov. for Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916, as junior synonym of Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909 also removes the homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) and Koltun’s (1959) Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909.
3. Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 (type locality Svalbard, Barents Sea). Gellius Gray, 1867 was synonymised with Haliclona Grant, 1841 and used as a subgenus by de Weerdt (2002: 858), rendering G. arcticus Hentschel, 1916 a junior secondary homonym of H. arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
4. Summary: Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887) is to be maintained as the senior secondary homonym of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). Haliclona (Gellius) varia (sensu Lundbeck, 1909) is a junior secondary homonym. Likewise, Haliclona (Gellius) arcticus (Hentschel, 1916) is a junior secondary homonym of Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887). In the absence of a junior synonym these require a new name, for which we propose Haliclona ernsti nom. nov., named after Ernst Hentschel (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423659 on 2020-05-27
Date
action
by
2020-03-01 13:03:29Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909) Lundbeck, W. (1909). The Porifera of East Greenland. <em>Meddelelser om Grønland.</em> 29: 423-464.
page(s): 433 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916) Hentschel, E. (1916). 3- Die Spongien des Eisfjords <i>In</i>: Zoologische Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Expedition nach Spitzbergen, 1908. Teil II. <em>Kungliga Svenska vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar.</em> 54 (3): 1-18.
page(s): 12-14 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887), Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909 and Haliclona (Gellius) arctica (Hentschel, 1916).
1. Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421 (type locality Norsko, Norway). Reniera Schmidt, 1862 was synonymised with Haliclona Grant, 1841 and used as a subgenus by Wiedenmayer (1977: 80), making it a senior secondary homonym of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 (= Haliclona (Gellius) arctica) (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). From Fristedt’s (1887: 421) brief description of the species it remains equivocal which of the subgenera of Haliclona it should be assigned to.
2. Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909: 433 (type locality Cape Tobin, East Greenland). The combination Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875 has also been reported as Gellius varius from the Arctic by Lundbeck (1909: 433). Koltun (1959: 214) thought it to be unlikely to be the same species as the tropical shallow-water type material and ‘illegally’ conferred authorship of the Arctic specimens to Lundbeck (1909: 433), which in fact created a junior homonym. Koltun (l.c.) also named Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 as a junior synonym of Gellius varius, providing the opportunity to remove the homonymy with Bowerbank’s species. However, Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 is also a junior secondary homonym of Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421. The here proposed new name, Haliclona ernsti nom.nov. for Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916, as junior synonym of Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909 also removes the homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) and Koltun’s (1959) Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909.
3. Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 (type locality Svalbard, Barents Sea). Gellius Gray, 1867 was synonymised with Haliclona Grant, 1841 and used as a subgenus by de Weerdt (2002: 858), rendering G. arcticus Hentschel, 1916 a junior secondary homonym of H. arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
4. Summary: Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887) is to be maintained as the senior secondary homonym of Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). Haliclona (Gellius) varia (sensu Lundbeck, 1909) is a junior secondary homonym. Likewise, Haliclona (Gellius) arcticus (Hentschel, 1916) is a junior secondary homonym of Haliclona arctica (Fristedt, 1887). In the absence of a junior synonym these require a new name, for which we propose Haliclona ernsti nom. nov., named after Ernst Hentschel (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3). [details]