WoRMS taxon details

Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866)

182737  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:182737)

accepted
Species
Chalina inornata Bowerbank, 1874 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Desmacidon incognitus Bowerbank, 1874 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Desmacidon pannosus Bowerbank, 1874 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Hymeniacidon callosus Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Stylaxinella stuposa (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Stylinos stuposus (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Stylotella inornata (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Stylotella topsenti Arnesen, 1920 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Chalina digitata Schmidt, 1866) Schmidt, O. (1866). Zweites Supplement der Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Enthaltend die Vergleichung der Adriatischen und Britischen Spongiengattungen.</em> 4 (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-24, pl. I.
page(s): 9-10 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Adriatic Sea  
type locality contained in Adriatic Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 55) explanation for the accepted status of Schmidt's Ulosa digitata (originally as...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 55) explanation for the accepted status of Schmidt's Ulosa digitata (originally as Chalina).
Removal of homonymy between Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) and Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794).
1. Spongia stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186 (type locality Hastings, United Kingdom). This well-known sponge is accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786), confirmed in a recent taxonomic monograph, Morrow et al. (2019: 44). The type was a beached specimen named ‘Downy branched English sponge’ by Ellis (1766: 288, pl. X fig. C) or ‘Tow sponge’ in Ellis & Solander (1786: 186).
2. Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794: 265 (type locality Mediterranean). The species is currently (2019) accepted as Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794), based on a redescription of the type by Topsent (1920: 325). It was confirmed as accepted in Van Soest et al. (2012: 14), ignoring ICZN Art. 57.2, which demanded replacement of the junior name. Esper (1794: 266) complained that he already had given the name Spongia stuposa to this sponge before discovering that Ellis & Solander (1786) also used the name. He leaves it to our imagination to conclude whether the two sponges are the same species or not, but the images of the two (Ellis 1755: pl. X fig. C, and Esper 1794: pl. LX) are clearly different. As a junior primary homonym of S. stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786 the name needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 57.2). Suppression under ICZN Art. 23.9.5 is not possible because Topsent (1920), Vacelet (1960) and other authors, among which Van Soest et al. (2012), have used it several times after 1899. To remove the homonymy there are a number of junior synonyms available for Ulosa stuposa (see Vacelet 1960: 264, Van Soest 1987: 22, and Van Soest & Hajdu 2002: 664), the first one of which is Chalina digitata Schmidt, 1862: 10 (pl. I, fig. 8), previously already used as Ulosa digitata by e.g. Burton (1956: 133).
3. Summary: Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) as senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794) is a junior primary homonym and needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.1). To remove the homonymy, Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866) (originally as Chalina) was proposed as the replacement name, being the first available subjective junior synonym (ICZN Art. 60.2). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=182737 on 2020-07-11
Date
action
by
2005-10-03 06:48:08Z
created
2006-09-04 18:27:42Z
changed
2007-06-23 14:16:52Z
changed
2020-03-07 13:08:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794) Esper, E.J.C. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50841660
page(s): 265 [details]   

original description  (of Chalina digitata Schmidt, 1866) Schmidt, O. (1866). Zweites Supplement der Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Enthaltend die Vergleichung der Adriatischen und Britischen Spongiengattungen.</em> 4 (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-24, pl. I.
page(s): 9-10 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Desmacidon pannosus Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1871265
page(s): 311, Pl. LXXXIX 1-2; 312-313; note: Illustration of the type specimen [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Stylotella topsenti Arnesen, 1920) Arnesen, E. (1920 [1932]). Spongia. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the "Michael Sars" North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition, 1910.</em> 3 (II): 1-29.
page(s): 18 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Chalina inornata Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1871265
page(s): 273-274, Pl. LXXXIII 12-16; 277-278; 358-360; note: Illustration of the type specimen [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Desmacidon incognitus Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1871265
page(s): 286, Pl. LXXXV 14-16; 292-294; note: Illustration of the type specimen [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hymeniacidon callosus Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1908675
page(s): 86-88, pl IV figs 6-9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 55 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Ackers, R.G.; Moss, D.; Picton, B.E. (1992). Sponges of the British Isles (‘Sponges V'). <em>A Colour Guide and Working Document. Marine Conservation Society.</em> 1-175.
page(s): 134 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Borojevic, R.; Cabioch, L.; Lévi, C. (1968). Inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Spongiaires. <em>Éditions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.</em> pp. 1-44., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/images/stories/sbr/observation/documents/spongiaires.pdf
page(s): 17 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. (1956). The sponges of West Africa. <em>Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen).</em> 4: 111-147.
page(s): 135 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cabioch, L. (1968). Contribution à la connaissance de la faune des Spongiaires de la Manche occidentale. Démosponges de la région de Roscoff. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 9(2): 211-246.
page(s): 229-230 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1978). Report on a Collection of Sponges from the Bay of Naples. III Hadromerida, Axinellida, Poecilosclerida, Halichondrida, Haplosclerida. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell'Universitá di Genova.</em> 45: 7-89.
page(s): 71 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Pansini, M. (1987). Report on a collection of Demospongiae from soft bottoms of the Eastern Adriatic Sea. <i>In</i>: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. <em>Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station.</em> 1, 41-53.
page(s): 44 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. <em>Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.</em> S/C Tenerife. 260 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 55) explanation for the accepted status of Schmidt's Ulosa digitata (originally as Chalina).
Removal of homonymy between Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) and Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794).
1. Spongia stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186 (type locality Hastings, United Kingdom). This well-known sponge is accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786), confirmed in a recent taxonomic monograph, Morrow et al. (2019: 44). The type was a beached specimen named ‘Downy branched English sponge’ by Ellis (1766: 288, pl. X fig. C) or ‘Tow sponge’ in Ellis & Solander (1786: 186).
2. Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794: 265 (type locality Mediterranean). The species is currently (2019) accepted as Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794), based on a redescription of the type by Topsent (1920: 325). It was confirmed as accepted in Van Soest et al. (2012: 14), ignoring ICZN Art. 57.2, which demanded replacement of the junior name. Esper (1794: 266) complained that he already had given the name Spongia stuposa to this sponge before discovering that Ellis & Solander (1786) also used the name. He leaves it to our imagination to conclude whether the two sponges are the same species or not, but the images of the two (Ellis 1755: pl. X fig. C, and Esper 1794: pl. LX) are clearly different. As a junior primary homonym of S. stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786 the name needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 57.2). Suppression under ICZN Art. 23.9.5 is not possible because Topsent (1920), Vacelet (1960) and other authors, among which Van Soest et al. (2012), have used it several times after 1899. To remove the homonymy there are a number of junior synonyms available for Ulosa stuposa (see Vacelet 1960: 264, Van Soest 1987: 22, and Van Soest & Hajdu 2002: 664), the first one of which is Chalina digitata Schmidt, 1862: 10 (pl. I, fig. 8), previously already used as Ulosa digitata by e.g. Burton (1956: 133).
3. Summary: Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) as senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794) is a junior primary homonym and needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.1). To remove the homonymy, Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866) (originally as Chalina) was proposed as the replacement name, being the first available subjective junior synonym (ICZN Art. 60.2). [details]
Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794
 Spongia stuposa Esp...
[image from synonym]