WoRMS taxon details

Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767)

207366  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207366)

accepted
Species
Galaxea colamnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (Synonym. Probably misspelling of G. columnaris)
Galaxea columnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (Synonymy, original spelling is G. colamnaris)
Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767 (original combination, basionym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1767). <i>Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.</i> Ed. 12. 1., <i>Regnum Animale. 1 & 2</i>. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767). <i>Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.</i> Ed. 12. 1., <i>Regnum Animale. 1 & 2</i>. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and...  
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207366 on 2019-12-13
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-08 13:36:39Z
changed
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1767). <i>Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.</i> Ed. 12. 1., <i>Regnum Animale. 1 & 2</i>. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767). <i>Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.</i> Ed. 12. 1., <i>Regnum Animale. 1 & 2</i>. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Galaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea lawisiana Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fragilis Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (part 46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea heterocyathus Ortmann, 1889) Ortmann A. (1889). Beobachtungen an Steinkorallen von der Südküste Ceylons. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 4: 493-590, pls. 11-17. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea aspera Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (part 46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea quoyi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. ellisi Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. aspera Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. solida Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. lawisiana Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. anthophyllites Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. minima Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. columnaris Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea irregularis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Mémoire 3. Monographie des eupsammides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 65-114, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea anthophyllites Faurot, 1894) Faurot, L. (1894). Description du Galaxea anthophyllites, nouvelle espèce de polypier de la mer Rouge. <em>Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 19: 114-116.</em>  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea colamnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977) Eguchi M, Shirai S. (1977). In: Shirai S (ed.) Ecological encyclopedia of the marine animals of the Rykyu Islands. Shinsei-Tosho, Okinawa. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea columnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977) Eguchi M, Shirai S. (1977). In: Shirai S (ed.) Ecological encyclopedia of the marine animals of the Rykyu Islands. Shinsei-Tosho, Okinawa. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea prolifera Nemenzo & Ferraris, 1982) Nemenzo F, CJ Ferraris (1982) Some scleractinian corals from the reefs of Cebu and Mactan Islands. Kalikasan: The Philippine Journal of Biology 11: 111-135. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula irregularis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula quoyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula ellisii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Mémoire 3. Monographie des eupsammides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 65-114, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum esperi Schweigger, 1820) Schweigger, A. F. (1820). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte der skelettlosen ungegliederten Thiere. <em>Leipzig, Im Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung.</em> 1-802., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59209 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong's Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Spelling Spelled G. fasicularis in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: Torres Strait, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English octopus coralcrystal coral  [details]
German Kristallkoralle  [details]
Japanese アザミサンゴ  [details]