WoRMS taxon details

Stylasteridae Gray, 1847

22805  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:22805)

accepted
Family
Genus Adelopora Cairns, 1982
Genus Astya Stechow, 1921
Genus Calyptopora Boschma, 1968
Genus Cheiloporidion Cairns, 1983
Genus Componospina Cairns, 2015
Genus Conopora Moseley, 1879
  » Species Conopora adeta Cairns, 1987
  » Species Conopora beebei Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora bifacialis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora cactos Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora candelabrum Cairns, 1991
  » Species Conopora cardata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora crassisepta Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora croca Cairns, 2015
  » Species Conopora dura Hickson & England, 1909
  » Species Conopora gigantea Cairns, 1991
  » Species Conopora laevis (Studer, 1878)
  » Species Conopora sola Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Conopora tenuiramus Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Conopora tetrastichopora Cairns, 1991
  » Species Conopora unifacialis Cairns, 1991
  » Species Conopora verrucosa (Studer, 1878)
  » Species Conopora anthohelia Cairns, 1991 accepted as Paraconopora anthohelia (Cairns, 1991)
  » Species Conopora major Hickson & England, 1905 accepted as Conopora verrucosa (Studer, 1878)
Genus Crypthelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
  » Species Crypthelia affinis Moseley, 1879
  » Species Crypthelia balia Hickson & England, 1905
  » Species Crypthelia boucheti Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia cassiculata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia clausa Broch, 1947
  » Species Crypthelia crassa Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia crenata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia cryptotrema Zibrowius, 1981
  » Species Crypthelia curvata Cairns, 1991
  » Species Crypthelia cymas Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia dactylopoma Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia defensa Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia deforgesi Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia eueides Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia floridana Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia formosa Cairns, 1983
  » Species Crypthelia fragilis Cairns, 1983
  » Species Crypthelia gigantea Fisher, 1938
  » Species Crypthelia glebulenta Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia glossopoma Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia insolita Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia japonica (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849)
  » Species Crypthelia jenniferae Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia kelleyi Cairns, 2017
  » Species Crypthelia lacunosa Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia laevigata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia medioatlantica Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
  » Species Crypthelia micropoma Cairns, 1985
  » Species Crypthelia modesta Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia papillosa Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia parapolypoma Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia peircei Pourtalès, 1867
  » Species Crypthelia peteri Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia platypoma (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Crypthelia polypoma Cairns, 1991
  » Species Crypthelia pudica Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
  » Species Crypthelia ramosa (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Crypthelia reticulata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia robusta Cairns, 1991
  » Species Crypthelia sinuosa Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia spiralis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia stenopoma (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Crypthelia tenuiseptata Cairns, 1986
  » Species Crypthelia trophostega Fisher, 1938
  » Species Crypthelia variegata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia vascomarquesi Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
  » Species Crypthelia viridis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Crypthelia studeri Cairns, 1991 accepted as Crypthelia stenopoma (Hickson & England, 1905) (junior synonym)
Genus Cyclohelia Cairns, 1991
Genus Distichopora Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Distichopora anceps Cairns, 1978
  » Species Distichopora anomala Cairns, 1986
  » Species Distichopora asulcata Cairns, 2005
  » Species Distichopora barbadensis Pourtalès, 1874
  » Species Distichopora borealis Fisher, 1938
  » Species Distichopora cervina Pourtalès, 1871
  » Species Distichopora coccinea Gray, 1860
  » Species Distichopora contorta Pourtalès, 1878
  » Species Distichopora dispar Cairns, 1991
  » Species Distichopora foliacea Pourtalès, 1868
  » Species Distichopora gracilis Dana, 1848
  » Species Distichopora irregularis Moseley, 1879
  » Species Distichopora laevigranulosa Cairns, 1986
  » Species Distichopora livida Tenison-Woods, 1880
  » Species Distichopora nitida Verrill, 1864
  » Species Distichopora profunda Hickson & England, 1909
  » Species Distichopora providentiae (Hickson & England, 1909)
  » Species Distichopora robusta Lindner, Cairns & Guzman, 2004
  » Species Distichopora rosalindae Cairns, 1986
  » Species Distichopora serpens Broch, 1942
  » Species Distichopora sulcata Pourtalès, 1867
  » Species Distichopora uniserialis Cairns, 1986
  » Species Distichopora vervoorti Cairns & Hoeksema, 1998
  » Species Distichopora violacea (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Distichopora yucatanensis Cairns, 1986
  » Subgenus Distichopora (Haplomerismos) Cairns, 1978 accepted as Distichopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Errina Gray, 1835
  » Species Errina adornata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Errina altispina Cairns, 1986
  » Species Errina antarctica (Gray, 1872)
  » Species Errina argentina Bernal, Cairns, Penchaszadek & Lauretta, 2018
  » Species Errina aspera (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Errina atlantica Hickson, 1912
  » Species Errina australis Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Errina bicolor Cairns, 1991
  » Species Errina boschmai Cairns, 1983
  » Species Errina capensis Hickson, 1912
  » Species Errina chathamensis Cairns, 1991
  » Species Errina cheilopora Cairns, 1983
  » Species Errina cochleata Pourtalès, 1867
  » Species Errina cooki Hickson, 1912
  » Species Errina cyclopora Cairns, 1983
  » Species Errina dabneyi (Pourtalès, 1871)
  » Species Errina dendyi Hickson, 1912
  » Species Errina fissurata Gray, 1872
  » Species Errina gracilis von Marenzeller, 1903
  » Species Errina japonica Eguchi, 1968
  » Species Errina kerguelensis Broch, 1942
  » Species Errina labrosa Pica, Cairns & Puce, 2015
  » Species Errina laevigata Cairns, 1991
  » Species Errina laterorifa Eguchi, 1964
  » Species Errina macrogastra Marenzeller, 1904
  » Species Errina novaezelandiae Hickson, 1912
  » Species Errina reticulata Cairns, 1991
  » Species Errina sinuosa Cairns, 1991
  » Species Errina hicksoni Boschma, 1963 accepted as Lepidopora eburnea (Calvet, 1903)
  » Species Errina hicksoni Cairns, 1991 accepted as Errina australis Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 (junior homonym)
  » Species Errina porifera Naumov, 1960 accepted as Errinopora porifera (Naumov, 1960)
Genus Errinopora Fisher, 1938
Genus Errinopsis Broch, 1951
Genus Gyropora Boschma, 1960
Genus Inferiolabiata Broch, 1951
Genus Lepidopora Pourtalès, 1871
  » Species Lepidopora acrolophos Cairns, 1983
  » Species Lepidopora biserialis Cairns, 1986
  » Species Lepidopora carinata (Pourtalès, 1867)
  » Species Lepidopora clavigera Cairns, 1986
  » Species Lepidopora concatenata Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidopora cryptocymas Cairns, 1985
  » Species Lepidopora decipiens (Boschma, 1964)
  » Species Lepidopora dendrostylus Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidopora diffusa Boschma, 1963
  » Species Lepidopora eburnea (Calvet, 1903)
  » Species Lepidopora gelanes Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora glabra (Pourtalès, 1867)
  » Species Lepidopora granulosa (Cairns, 1983)
  » Species Lepidopora iwasakii Pica & Puce, 2018
  » Species Lepidopora leptoclados Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora polygonalis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora polystichopora Cairns, 1985
  » Species Lepidopora pusilla Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora sarmentosa Boschma, 1968
  » Species Lepidopora spinosa Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora symmetrica Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidopora unicaulis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidopora microstylus Cairns, 1991 accepted as Leptohelia microstylus (Cairns, 1991)
Genus Lepidotheca Cairns, 1983
  » Species Lepidotheca altispina Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidotheca brochi Cairns, 1986
  » Species Lepidotheca chauliostylus Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidotheca clavata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidotheca fascicularis (Cairns, 1983)
  » Species Lepidotheca hachijoensis (Eguchi, 1968)
  » Species Lepidotheca hebetis Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidotheca horrida (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Lepidotheca inconsuta Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidotheca macropora Cairns, 1986
  » Species Lepidotheca minuta Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidotheca pourtalesi Cairns, 1986
  » Species Lepidotheca ramosa (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Lepidotheca ranunculata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidotheca robusta Cairns, 1991
  » Species Lepidotheca splendens Cairns, 2015
  » Species Lepidotheca tenuistylus (Broch, 1942)
  » Species Lepidotheca cervicornis (Broch, 1942) accepted as Inferiolabiata cervicornis (Broch, 1942)
Genus Leptohelia Lindner, Cairns & Zibrowius, 2014
Genus Paraconopora Cairns, 2015
Genus Paraerrina Broch, 1942
Genus Phalangopora Kirkpatrick, 1887
Genus Pliobothrus Pourtalès, 1868
Genus Pseudocrypthelia Cairns, 1983
Genus Sporadopora Moseley, 1879
Genus Stellapora Cairns, 1983
Genus Stenohelia Kent, 1870
  » Species Stenohelia aurantiaca Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stenohelia concinna Boschma, 1964
  » Species Stenohelia conferta Boschma, 1968
  » Species Stenohelia echinata Eguchi, 1968
  » Species Stenohelia maderensis (Johnston, 1862)
  » Species Stenohelia minima (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Stenohelia pauciseptata Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stenohelia profunda Moseley, 1881
  » Species Stenohelia spinifera Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Stenohelia tiliata (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Stenohelia umbonata (Hickson & England, 1905)
  » Species Stenohelia venusta Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Stenohelia yabei (Eguchi, 1941)
  » Species Stenohelia profunda Moseley, 1879 (nomen nudum)
Genus Stephanohelia Cairns, 1991
Genus Stylantheca Fischer, 1931
Genus Stylaster Gray, 1831
  » Species Stylaster alaskanus Fisher, 1938
  » Species Stylaster amphiheloides Kent, 1871
  » Species Stylaster antillarum Zibrowius & Cairns, 1982
  » Species Stylaster asper Kent, 1871
  » Species Stylaster atlanticus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster aurantiacus Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster bellus (Dana, 1848)
  » Species Stylaster biflabellum Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster bilobatus Hickson & England, 1909
  » Species Stylaster bithalamus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster blatteus (Boschma, 1961)
  » Species Stylaster bocki Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster boreopacificus Broch, 1932
  » Species Stylaster boschmai (Eguchi, 1965)
  » Species Stylaster brochi (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster brunneus Boschma, 1970
  » Species Stylaster californicus (Verrill, 1866)
  » Species Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster carinatus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster cocosensis Cairns, 1991
  » Species Stylaster complanatus Pourtalès, 1867
  » Species Stylaster corallium Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster crassior Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster crassiseptum Cairns & Lindner, 2011
  » Species Stylaster densicaulis Moseley, 1879
  » Species Stylaster dentatus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster diastemata Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster divergens Marenzeller, 1904
  » Species Stylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867
  » Species Stylaster eguchii (Boschma, 1966)
  » Species Stylaster elassotomus Fisher, 1938
  » Species Stylaster erubescens Pourtalès, 1868
  » Species Stylaster filogranus Pourtalès, 1871
  » Species Stylaster flabelliformis (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Stylaster fundatus Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster galapagensis Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster gemmascens (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Stylaster gracilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
  » Species Stylaster granulosus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
  » Species Stylaster griggi Cairns, 2005
  » Species Stylaster griseus Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Stylaster hattorii (Eguchi, 1968)
  » Species Stylaster horologium Cairns, 1991
  » Species Stylaster ibericus Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
  » Species Stylaster imbricatus Cairns, 1991
  » Species Stylaster incompletus (Tenison-Woods, 1883)
  » Species Stylaster incrassatus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster infundibuliferus Cairns, 2005
  » Species Stylaster inornatus Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster kenti Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
  » Species Stylaster laevigatus Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster leptostylus (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster lindneri Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster lonchitis Broch, 1947
  » Species Stylaster malpeloensis Lizcano-Sandoval & Cairns, 2018
  » Species Stylaster marenzelleri Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster maroccanus Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
  » Species Stylaster marshae Cairns, 1988
  » Species Stylaster microstriatus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster miniatus (Pourtalès, 1868)
  » Species Stylaster multiplex Hickson & England, 1905
  » Species Stylaster nobilis (Saville-Kent, 1871)
  » Species Stylaster norvegicus (Gunnerus, 1768)
  » Species Stylaster obtusus Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster omanensis Cairns & Samimi-Namin, 2015
  » Species Stylaster papuensis Zibrowius, 1981
  » Species Stylaster parageus (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster polymorphus (Broch, 1936)
  » Species Stylaster polystomos Cairns, 2015
  » Species Stylaster profundiporus Broch, 1936
  » Species Stylaster profundus (Moseley, 1879)
  » Species Stylaster pulcher Quelch, 1884
  » Species Stylaster purpuratus (Naumov, 1960)
  » Species Stylaster ramosus Broch, 1947
  » Species Stylaster repandus Cairns & Lindner, 2011
  » Species Stylaster robustus (Cairns, 1983)
  » Species Stylaster rosaceus (Greeff, 1886)
  » Species Stylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Stylaster sanguineus Valenciennes in Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
  » Species Stylaster scabiosus Broch, 1935
  » Species Stylaster sinuosus (Cairns, 1991)
  » Species Stylaster solidus Broch, 1935
  » Species Stylaster spatula Cairns, 1986
  » Species Stylaster stejnegeri (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster stellulatus Stewart, 1878
  » Species Stylaster subviolacea (Kent, 1871)
  » Species Stylaster tenisonwoodsi Cairns, 1988
  » Species Stylaster trachystomus (Fisher, 1938)
  » Species Stylaster venustus (Verrill, 1870)
  » Species Stylaster verrillii (Dall, 1884)
  » Species Stylaster rossoamericanus Brandt, 1872 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Stylaster cancellatus Fisher, 1938 accepted as Stylaster alaskanus Fisher, 1938
  » Species Stylaster echinatus Broch, 1936 accepted as Stylaster filogranus Pourtalès, 1871
  » Species Stylaster eximius Kent, 1871 accepted as Stylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867 (synonym)
    » Forma Stylaster eximius f. altus Hickson & England, 1905 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Forma Stylaster eximius f. dentatus Hickson & England, 1905 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Forma Stylaster eximius f. minor Hickson & England, 1905 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Stylaster moseleyanus (Fisher, 1938) accepted as Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
    » Forma Stylaster moseleyanus f. leptostylus accepted as Stylaster leptostylus (Fisher, 1938) (raised to species rank)
  » Species Stylaster polyorchis (Fisher, 1938) accepted as Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
Genus Stylasteridae incertae sedis
Genus Systemapora Cairns, 1991

Subfamily Adeloporinae Cairns, 1982 accepted as Stylasteridae Gray, 1847
Genus Astylus Moseley, 1878 accepted as Astya Stechow, 1921 (preoccupied by Astylus Laporte, 1836 [Coleoptera])
Genus Deontopora accepted as Stylaster Gray, 1831
Genus Polypora Moseley, 1876 accepted as Sporadopora Moseley, 1879 (junior homonym)
Genus Protoerrina Fisher, 1931 accepted as Errinopora Fisher, 1938
Subfamily Stylasterinae Gray, 1847 accepted as Stylasteridae Gray, 1847
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Not documented
WoRMS (2019). Stylasteridae Gray, 1847. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=22805 on 2019-10-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2008-01-10 07:31:11Z
changed
2009-04-28 12:00:23Z
changed
2010-11-21 16:41:40Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Adeloporinae Cairns, 1982) Zibrowius, H.; Cairns, S.D. (1982). Remarks on the stylasterine fauna of the West Indies, with the description of <i>Stylaster antillarum</i>, a new species from the Lesser Antilles (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa: Stylasterina). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 95 (1): 210-221. [details]   

taxonomy source Cairns, S.D. (1984). A generic revision of the Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 2: Phylogenetic analysis. <em>Bull. mar. Sci.</em> 35(1): 38-53. [details]   

taxonomy source Cairns, S.D. (1987). Evolutionary trends in the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). In: J. Bouillon, F. Boero, F. Cicogna & P.F.S. Cornelius, eds. <em>Modern trends in the Systematics, Ecology and Evolution of Hydroids and Hydromedusae.</em> 257-274. [details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D. (1992). A generic revision of the Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 3. Keys to the genera. <em>Bull Mar. Sci.</em> 49(1-2): 538-545. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S. D. (2015). Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region. <em>Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 28. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (1993), 207. Publications Scientifiques du Muséum: Paris.</em> 361 + 1 cd-rom pp., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/27379
page(s): 12-19; note: Key to genera; comments on functional morphology and polychaete commensalism [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bouillon, J.; Gravili, C.; Pagès, F.; Gili, J.-M.; Boero, F. (2006). An introduction to Hydrozoa. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 194. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris, France. ISBN 2-85653-580-1. 591 + 1 cd-rom pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. (1983). A generic revision of the Stylasterina (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 1. Description of the genera. <em>Bull. mar. Sci.</em> 33(2): 427-508. [details]   

ecology source Cairns, S.D. (1992). Worldwide distribution of the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). In: J. Bouillon, F. Boero, F. Cicogna, J.M. Gili & R.G. Hughes, eds. <em>Aspects of Hydrozoan Biology Scientia Marina.</em> 56(2-3): 125-130. [details]   

subsequent type designation Cairns, S.D. (1991). Catalog of the type specimens of stony corals (Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, Scleractinia) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. <em>Smithson. Contr. Zool.</em> 514: i-iv, 1-59. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Hydroid colony erect, branched, usually flabellate, more rarely encrusting, with a thick calcareous exoskeleton (coenosteum); polyps polymorphic and retractile; gastrozooids with one whorl of filiform tentacles, exceptionally without tentacles; bottom of gastric cavity with or without an upright pointed or rounded toothed spine (gastrostyle); dactylozooids filiform, without tentacles, with or without dactylostyle; gastrozooids and dactylozooids retractable into special skeletal depressions: gastropores and dactylopores; gastro- and dactylozooids either irregularly distributed over colony, or limited to certain regions of colony, or often arranged in circles (cyclosystems) where one gastrozooid is surrounded by several dactylozooids; gonophores as reduced fixed sporosacs and developed inside vesicles (ampullae) covered by or buried in coenosteum. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English sylasterine hydrocoralslace corals  [details]
German StylasteridenHydrokorallenFiligrankorallen  [details]
Italian stilasteridi  [details]
Japanese サンゴモドキ  [details]
Lithuanian hidrokoralai  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Στυλαστερίδες  [details]
Norwegian hydrokorallfamilie  [details]
Russian коралллы  [details]
Turkish bağcık mercanlarıgiller  [details]
Ukrainian Стиластериди  [details]