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WoRMS taxon details

Goniastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

205082  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:205082)

accepted
Genus
Astrea retiformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816) (type by original designation)
Goniastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Morchellastraea Alloiteau, 1941 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Morchellastrea Reig Oriol, 1990 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Species Goniastrea columella Crossland, 1948
  2. Species Goniastrea edwardsi Chevalier, 1971
  3. Species Goniastrea favulus (Dana, 1846)
  4. Species Goniastrea minuta Veron, 2000
  5. Species Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834)
  6. Species Goniastrea ramosa Veron, 2000
  7. Species Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816)
  8. Species Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846)
  9. Species Goniastrea thecata Veron, DeVantier & Turak, 2000
  10. Species Goniastrea aspera Verrill, 1866 accepted as Coelastrea aspera (Verrill, 1866) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  11. Species Goniastrea australensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) accepted as Paragoniastrea australensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  12. Species Goniastrea benhami Vaughan, 1917 accepted as Paragoniastrea australensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  13. Species Goniastrea bournoni Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  14. Species Goniastrea bournonii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
  15. Species Goniastrea capitata Studer, 1880 accepted as Goniastrea edwardsi Chevalier, 1971 (but possible senior synonym?)
  16. Species Goniastrea cerium (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  17. Species Goniastrea coronalis Quelch, 1886 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, synonym)
  18. Species Goniastrea deformis Veron, 1990 accepted as Paragoniastrea deformis (Veron, 1990) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  19. Species Goniastrea denticulata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  20. Species Goniastrea equisepta Nemenzo, 1959 accepted as Coelastrea incrustans (Duncan, 1886) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  21. Species Goniastrea eximia (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  22. Species Goniastrea favistella (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  23. Species Goniastrea favus (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (changed combination)
  24. Species Goniastrea grayi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  25. Species Goniastrea halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Favites halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  26. Species Goniastrea hombroni (Rousseau, 1854) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  27. Species Goniastrea hombronii (Rousseau, 1854) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Goniastrea incrustans Duncan, 1889 accepted as Coelastrea incrustans (Duncan, 1886) (unaccepted > superseded combination, misspelling)
  29. Species Goniastrea laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Dipsastraea laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  30. Species Goniastrea mantonae Crossland, 1952 accepted as Coelastrea incrustans (Duncan, 1886) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  31. Species Goniastrea multilobata Quelch, 1886 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  32. Species Goniastrea palauensis (Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936) accepted as Coelastrea palauensis (Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  33. Species Goniastrea parvistella (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea edwardsi Chevalier, 1971 (but possible senior synonym?)
  34. Species Goniastrea peresi (Faure & Pichon, 1978) accepted as Paramontastraea peresi (Faure & Pichon, 1978) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  35. Species Goniastrea planulata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  36. Species Goniastrea quoyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  37. Species Goniastrea regularis Chevalier, 1971 accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  38. Species Goniastrea rudis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Favites pentagona (Esper, 1790) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  39. Species Goniastrea russelli (Wells, 1954) accepted as Paragoniastrea russelli (Wells, 1954) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  40. Species Goniastrea serrata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  41. Species Goniastrea seychellensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  42. Species Goniastrea sinuosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Goniastrea solida Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Goniastrea edwardsi Chevalier, 1971 (but possible senior synonym?)
  44. Species Goniastrea spectabilis (Verrill, 1872) accepted as Coelastrea aspera (Verrill, 1866) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  45. Species Goniastrea yaeyamaensis Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 accepted as Platygyra yaeyamaensis (Eguchi & Shirai, 1977) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  46. Species Goniastrea yamanarii (Yabe & Sugiyama, 1935) accepted as Favites chinensis (Verrill, 1866) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  47. Species Goniastrea auricularis Bernard, 1900 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  48. Species Goniastrea sericea Ortmann, 1888 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  49. Species Goniastrea varia (Dana, 1846) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Note sur la classification de la deuxième tribu de la famille des Astréides. <em>Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 27: 490–497., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.29692 [details]   
Description 'Multiplication par fissiparité. Murailles compactes et directement soudées entre elles. Cloisons finement denticulées,...  
Description 'Multiplication par fissiparité. Murailles compactes et directement soudées entre elles. Cloisons finement denticulées, et portant des palis bien marqués. Columelle peu développée, mince à la partie inférieure des chambres.' (Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 495) [details]

Description Colonies are massive, usually spherical or elongate. Corallites are monocentric and cerioid to polycentric and meandroid....  
Description Colonies are massive, usually spherical or elongate. Corallites are monocentric and cerioid to polycentric and meandroid. Paliform lobes are well developed. Meandroid colonies have well-defined columella centres. Polyps are extended only at night (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Goniastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205082 on 2024-05-26
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2006-09-12 06:54:36Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2013-02-06 17:41:18Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2019-10-12 13:55:21Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed
2022-05-15 06:23:49Z
changed
2022-11-25 10:16:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Note sur la classification de la deuxième tribu de la famille des Astréides. <em>Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 27: 490–497., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.29692 [details]   

original description  (of Morchellastrea Reig Oriol, 1990 †) Reig Oriol JM. (1990). Madreporarios eocénicos de Castellolo y de la Sierra de Malvals. <em>Reig Oriol, Barcelona.</em> 71 pp. [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Budd AF, Fukami H, Smith ND, Knowlton N. (2012). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 166 (3): 465-529., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00855.x [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 390 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., R. Baron-Szabo, A.F. Budd, B. Lathuilière, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski & K.G. Johnson. (2010). Corallosphere. , available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 29, 107 [details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   

additional source Tkachenko, K. S.; Wu, B. J.; Fang, L. S.; Fan, T. Y. (2007). Dynamics of a coral reef community after mass mortality of branching Acropora corals and an outbreak of anemones. Marine Biology, 151, 185-194
page(s): 187 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Comparison No apomorphies have been identified for Goniastrea, mainly due to the recovery of Goniastrea australensis outside of the Goniastrea clade. While the molecular trees generally show that Merulina and Scapophyllia are nested within the Goniastrea clade, morphological evidence indicates a sister relationship. It should be noted that they may not be as distinct as previously thought. In particular, the lack of apomorphies for Goniastrea among the suite of characters tested suggests that these genera share numerous traits, including all subcorallite characters analyzed here. Nevertheless, Goniastrea differs from Merulina and Scapophyllia in having mostly discrete corallites, costosepta that are not confluent across walls, well-developed epitheca and and low-moderate (tabular) endotheca. Goniastrea is also commonly confused with Favites spp. that have fused walls, as they do share most macromorphological characters. However, the former do not generally possess confluent costosepta, with fewer vesicular endotheca and internal lobes that are multiaxial (i.e. septal lobes). The more striking disparities are only observed via thin sections that show the presence of abortive septa and partial trabeculotheca only in Goniastrea, and on the other hand, paratheca, strong costa center clusters and transverse crosses in Favites. [details]

Description 'Multiplication par fissiparité. Murailles compactes et directement soudées entre elles. Cloisons finement denticulées, et portant des palis bien marqués. Columelle peu développée, mince à la partie inférieure des chambres.' (Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 495) [details]

Diagnosis Colonial, with intracalicular budding only. Corallites monomorphic and discrete (1–3 centers) or uniserial; monticules absent. Walls generally fused, but moderate costate coenosteum (< corallite diameter) present in Goniastrea stelligera. Calice width small to medium (≤ 15 mm), with low to medium relief (≤ 6 mm). Costosepta generally not confluent. Septa in 3 cycles (24–36 septa). Free septa present, may be regular or irregular. Septa spaced ≥ 6 septa per 5 mm. Costosepta equal in relative thickness. Columellae trabecular and generally compact (1–3 threads), spongy (> 3 threads) in G. australensis, < 1/4 of calice width, and continuous among adjacent corallites. Paliform (uniaxial) lobes well developed, and may be present as septal (multiaxial) lobes. Epitheca well developed and endotheca low-moderate (tabular). Tooth base at mid-calice circular. Tooth tip at mid-calice irregular; tip orientation perpendicular to septum. Tooth height low to medium (≤ 0.6 mm) and tooth spacing narrow to medium (≤ 1 mm), with > 6 teeth per septum. Granules scattered on septal face; irregular in shape. Interarea palisade. Walls formed by strong abortive septa and partial septotheca; trabeculothecal elements may be present; dominant paratheca in G. australensis. Thickening deposits fibrous. Costa center clusters weak; ≤ 0.6 mm between clusters; medial lines weak. Septum center clusters weak; < 0.3 mm between clusters; medial lines weak. Transverse crosses absent. Columella centers clustered. [details]

Remark Goniastrea Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 495 accumulated new species gradually since the description of its type in the genus Astrea Lamarck, 1816 until as recent as the year 2000, in which three species were added (Veron, 2000). The genus was thought to have affinities with Favia and Favites (Chevalier, 1971; Veron et al., 1977), but molecular and morphological phylogenies have consistently placed the majority of its species within a clade that also includes Merulina and/or Scapophyllia (Huang et al., 2011, 2014; Arrigoni et al., 2012). Both data types support the sister relationship between the type species of Goniastrea, G. retiformis, and Astrea (Orbicella) stelligera Dana, 1846: 216, the latter conventionally regarded as an Indo-Pacific Favia (Veron, 2000, vol. 3: 102). This lends further support to the reasoning that coenosteum amount, moderate in this species but absent in Goniastrea, is an extremely homoplastic character, experiencing multiple changes near the tips of the tree. It is hereby synonymized as Goniastrea stelligera. Goniastrea australensis and G. deformis are not nested within other Goniastrea spp. but have been recovered near the main Goniastrea clade to varying degrees (Fukami et al., 2008; Huang et al., 2011; Arrigoni et al., 2012). Overall, the polyphyly of this genus ensures that the three remaining species—yet to be examined in a phylogenetic context—cannot be unequivocally placed (but see Huang, 2012). Despite forming at least two Goniastrea subclades that may not be sister groups, we consider it premature to make formal changes to these species until certainty of their positions increases appreciably. On the contrary, Goniastrea aspera Verrill, 1866: 32 and Favia palauensis Yabe and Sugiyama, 1936: 30 clearly belong in a separate taxon with affinities to Dipsastraea (molecular; Huang et al., 2011; Arrigoni et al., 2012) and Trachyphyllia (morphology; Huang et al., 2014). Accordingly, they are placed in Coelastrea Verrill, 1866: 32. [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are massive, usually spherical or elongate. Corallites are monocentric and cerioid to polycentric and meandroid. Paliform lobes are well developed. Meandroid colonies have well-defined columella centres. Polyps are extended only at night (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]

Remark Type species: Astraea retiformis Lamarck, 1816 (Veron, 1986). [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
English worm coralhoneycomb coralclosed brain coral  [details]
Japanese コカメノコキクメイシ属  [details]