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WoRMS taxon details

Sarcophyton Lesson, 1834

205483  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:205483)

accepted
Genus
Areocella Gray, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Sarcophytum · unaccepted (variant spelling)

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  1. Species Sarcophyton aalbersbergi Feussner & Waqa, 2013
  2. Species Sarcophyton acutum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
  3. Species Sarcophyton agaricum (Stimpson, 1855)
  4. Species Sarcophyton aldersladei Feussner & Waqa, 2013
  5. Species Sarcophyton alexanderi Feussner & Waqa, 2013
  6. Species Sarcophyton auritum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
  7. Species Sarcophyton birkelandi Verseveldt, 1978
  8. Species Sarcophyton boettgeri Schenk, 1896
  9. Species Sarcophyton boletiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  10. Species Sarcophyton buitendijki Verseveldt, 1982
  11. Species Sarcophyton cherbonnieri Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  12. Species Sarcophyton cinereum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
  13. Species Sarcophyton cornispiculatum Verseveldt, 1971
  14. Species Sarcophyton crassocaule Moser, 1919
  15. Species Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
  16. Species Sarcophyton digitatum Moser, 1919
  17. Species Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886
  18. Species Sarcophyton elegans Moser, 1919
  19. Species Sarcophyton expandum Kölliker
  20. Species Sarcophyton flexuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  21. Species Sarcophyton furcatum Li, 1984
  22. Species Sarcophyton gemmatum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
  23. Species Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  24. Species Sarcophyton globoverruccatum Benayahu & Verseveldt, 1983
  25. Species Sarcophyton griffini Moser, 1919
  26. Species Sarcophyton infundibuliforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  27. Species Sarcophyton latum (Dana, 1846)
  28. Species Sarcophyton mililatensis Verseveldt & Tursch, 1979
  29. Species Sarcophyton minusculum Samimi Namin & van Ofwegen, 2009
  30. Species Sarcophyton nanwanensis Benayahu & Perkol-Finkel, 2004
  31. Species Sarcophyton nigrum May, 1899
  32. Species Sarcophyton pauciplicatum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
  33. Species Sarcophyton portentosum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
  34. Species Sarcophyton pulchellum (Tixier-Durivault, 1957)
  35. Species Sarcophyton regulare Tixier-Durivault, 1946
  36. Species Sarcophyton roseum Pratt, 1903
  37. Species Sarcophyton serenei Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  38. Species Sarcophyton skeltoni Feussner & Waqa, 2013
  39. Species Sarcophyton soapiae Feussner & Waqa, 2013
  40. Species Sarcophyton solidum Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  41. Species Sarcophyton spinospiculatum Alderslade & Shirwaiker, 1991
  42. Species Sarcophyton spongiosum Thomson & Dean, 1931
  43. Species Sarcophyton stellatum Kükenthal, 1911
  44. Species Sarcophyton stolidotum Verseveldt, 1971
  45. Species Sarcophyton subviride Tixier-Durivault, 1958
  46. Species Sarcophyton tenuispiculatum Thomson & Dean, 1931
  47. Species Sarcophyton tortuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
  48. Species Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886
  49. Species Sarcophyton tumulosum Benayahu & van Ofwegen, 2009
  50. Species Sarcophyton turschi Verseveldt, 1976
  51. Species Sarcophyton aberrans Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Anthomastus aberrans (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  52. Species Sarcophyton acutangulum von Marenzeller, 1886 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  53. Species Sarcophyton agaricoides Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Anthomastus agaricoides (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination, variant spelling)
  54. Species Sarcophyton auricularis Verseveldt, 1968 accepted as Lobophytum depressum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  55. Species Sarcophyton bicolor Pratt, 1905 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  56. Species Sarcophyton certum Tixier-Durivalt, 1970 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  57. Species Sarcophyton contortum Pratt, 1905 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  58. Species Sarcophyton convolutum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Sarcophyton roseum Pratt, 1903 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  59. Species Sarcophyton decaryi Tixier-Durivault, 1946 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  60. Species Sarcophyton dispersum Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  61. Species Sarcophyton fungiforme Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  62. Species Sarcophyton globosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  63. Species Sarcophyton gracile Burchardt, 1903 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  64. Species Sarcophyton implanum Verseveldt, 1974 accepted as Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  65. Species Sarcophyton lobulatum Lesson, 1834 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  66. Species Sarcophyton manifestum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  67. Species Sarcophyton molle Tixier-Durivault, 1946 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  68. Species Sarcophyton moseri Roxas, 1932 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  69. Species Sarcophyton pallidum Cohn, 1908 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  70. Species Sarcophyton plicatum Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton boettgeri Schenk, 1896 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Species Sarcophyton poculiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958 accepted as Sarcophyton cinereum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  72. Species Sarcophyton proprium Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Lobophytum proprium (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  73. Species Sarcophyton puerto-galerae Roxas, 1932 accepted as Sarcophyton crassocaule Moser, 1919 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  74. Species Sarcophyton purpureum Koren & Danielssen, 1883 accepted as Anthomastus purpureus (Koren & Danielssen, 1883) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  75. Species Sarcophyton reichenbachi Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  76. Species Sarcophyton tenuis Pratt, 1903 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  77. Species Sarcophyton trochiforme Hickson, 1900 accepted as Verseveldtia trochiforme (Hickson, 1900) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination, variant spelling)
  78. Species Sarcophyton atlanticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  79. Species Sarcophyton oligotrema Pratt, 1905 (uncertain)
  80. Species Sarcophyton tersum Roxas, 1933 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lesson, R.P. (1834). Zoophytes. <em>Voyage aux Indes-Orientales, pendant les années 1825-1829. Zoologie.</em> Arthus Bertrand, Paris. pp. 515-519, plates 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40172001
page(s): 517-518 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Sarcophyton Lesson, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205483 on 2024-06-13
Date
action
by
1997-08-21 10:31:34Z
created
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z
changed
2019-07-10 04:52:21Z
changed
2020-09-09 07:06:36Z
changed
2022-11-04 22:11:55Z
changed
2023-02-24 05:05:46Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lesson, R.P. (1834). Zoophytes. <em>Voyage aux Indes-Orientales, pendant les années 1825-1829. Zoologie.</em> Arthus Bertrand, Paris. pp. 515-519, plates 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40172001
page(s): 517-518 [details]   

original description  (of Areocella Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740479
page(s): 125 [details]   

basis of record Verseveldt, J. (1976). Alcyonacea from the Seychelles (Coelenterata Octocorallia. <em>Rev. Zool. Afr.</em> 90(3): 497-513. [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401.
page(s): 366, 375, 381, 401 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
page(s): 102 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2000). Four new genera of soft corals (Coelenterata: Octocorallia), with notes on the classification of some established taxa. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 74: 237-249.
page(s): 242 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2003). A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 345: 19-30., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/220290
page(s): 20, 28 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (2000). Two new genera of soft corals (Anthozoa: Alcyoniidae) from South Africa, with a discussion of diversity and endemism in the Southern African octocorallian fauna. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 52(6): 65-75.
page(s): 71, 72 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1997). Xeniidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the Red Sea, with descriptions of six new species of Xenia. <em>Fauna of Saudi Arabia.</em> 16: 5-62.
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y. (1998). Lobe variation in Sinularia nanolobata Verseveldt, 1977 (Cnidaria: Alcyonacea). <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 63(1): 229-240.
page(s): 237 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1982). A revision of the genus Sarcophyton Lesson (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden.</em> 192: 1-91, plates 1-24. [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41110040
page(s): 314 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1957). Minabea ozakii n. gen. et n. sp., a new remarkable alcyonarian type with dimorphic polyps. <em>Jour. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. Ser. VI, Zool.</em> 13: 139-146.
page(s): 145 [details]   

additional source Moser, J. (1919). Beitrage zur eine Revision der Alcyonarien, I. Die Gattungen Sarcophyton Lesson und Lobophytum Marenzeller. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin.</em> 9: 219-293, plates 5-6., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12133833 [details]   

additional source Grasshoff, M.; Bargibant, G. (2001). Coral Reef Gorgonians of New Caledonia. IRD Èditions. Paris., pp. 335.
page(s): 36, 37, 90, 91, 283, 314, 315 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1940). Contribution a l'étude du métabolisme du calcium et du fer chez l'Alcyonium palmatum Pallas. Annales de l'Institute Oceanographique, 20(1): 311-379, plate 1
page(s): 372 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 78, 82 [details]   

additional source Tanaka, J.; Yoshida, T.; Benayahu, Y. (2005). Chemical diversity of Sarcophyton soft corals in Okinawa. Galaxea, 7, 1-9
page(s): 3, 6 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; van Ofwegen, L. P. (1999). Soft corals (Alcyonacea: Octocorallia) from shallow water in the Chagos Archipelago: species assemblages and their distribution. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2, 67-85, plates 1-10
page(s): 69, 70, 71, 74, 81, 84 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Alderslade, P. N.; van Ofwegen, L. P.; Johnsen, H.; Rusmevichientong, A. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the tropical soft coral genera Sarcophyton and Lobophytum (Anthozoa, Octocorallia). Invertebrate Biology, 125(4): 288-305
page(s): 288, 289, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 304 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A provisional annotated list of octocorallian coelenterates occurring on the sublittoral coral reefs at Sodwana Bay and Kosi Bay, northern Natal, with a key to the genera. South African Journal of Science, 85, 141-144
page(s): 142 [details]   

status source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Quattrini, A.M. (2022). Revisionary systematics of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) guided by phylogenomics. <em>Bulletin of the Society of Systematic Biologists.</em> 1(3), 8735, pp. 1-79., available online at https://ssbbulletin.org/index.php/bssb/article/view/8735
page(s): 44-45 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype NTM C014140 [details]
Nontype NTM C014862 [details]
Nontype NTM C014886 [details]
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Japanese ウミキノコ属  [details]