WoRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)

1245747  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1245747)

accepted
Species
Dendrosmilia nomlandi Durham & Barnard, 1952 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lithodendron proliferum (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Lophelia californica Durham, 1947 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophelia subcostata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia affinis Pourtalès, 1868 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia gracilis Seguenza, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia gracilis var. latistella Seguenza, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia gracilis var. striata Seguenza, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia prolifera f. brachycephala Moseley, 1880 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia prolifera var. gracilis (Sequenza, 1864) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia subcostata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophohelia tubulosa Studer, 1878 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Madrepora prolifera Pallas, 1766 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora subcostata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Oculina prolifera (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2022-07-07
Date
action
by
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
created
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed
2022-06-20 08:45:58Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Lophelia californica Durham, 1947) Durham JW. (1947). Corals from the Gulf of California and the north Pacific Coast of America. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Society of America.</em> 20: 1-68. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora prolifera Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>[book].</em> pp. 451, Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6019361 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lophohelia affinis Pourtalès, 1868) Pourtalès, L.F. de. (1868). Contributions to the fauna of the Gulf Stream at great depths (2d series). <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, in Cambridge.</em> 1(7): 121-142., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587602 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Lophohelia tubulosa Studer, 1878) Studer T. (1878). Übersicht der Steinkorallen aus der Familie der Madreporaria aporosa, Eupsammina und Turbinaria, welche auf der Reise S.M.S. Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1877: 625-655, pls. 1-4. [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia prolifera f. brachycephala Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Dendrosmilia nomlandi Durham & Barnard, 1952) Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis var. striata Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis var. latistella Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Lophelia subcostata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1850) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 5. Monographie des oculinides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 13: 63-110, pls. 3-4., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13434560 [details]   

additional source Addamo AM, Reimer JD, Taviani M, Freiwald A, Machordom A. (2012). Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) in the Scleractinian Phylogeny and Its Intraspecific Diversity. <em>PLoS ONE.</em> 7(11): e50215., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050215 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cordeiro RTS, Barbosa RV, Pires D Sumida PYG. (2020). Brazilian Deep-Sea Corals. In: Sumida PYG, Bernardino AF, De Léo FC (eds) Brazilian Deep-Sea Biodiversity. <em>Brazilian Marine Biodiversity. Volume 3. Springer, Cham.</em> pp. 73-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53222-2_4 [details]   

new combination reference Addamo AM, Vertino A, Stolarski J, García-Jiménez R, Taviani M, Machordom A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology.</em> 16: 108., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1939.7.20.1074, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1949.1.20.6, geounit French Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH, geounit St. Helena Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH, geounit St. Helena Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI396 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI397 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ICN CNI723 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN Ci 2045, geounit French Southern Territories [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) MNHN, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 192, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 217, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 826, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG Anthoz. 957, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG uncataloged, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NHMG uncataloged, geounit Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR 9067 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR 9068 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) NMSR I/441/E3 [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 46016, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 81415, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 88393, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 98745, geounit Wallis and Futuna Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99230, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99232, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) MCZ, geounit Grenadian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) MCZ, geounit Montserrat Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) MCZ, geounit Puerto Rican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) MCZ, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) TAMU, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) UMML 0,50902777778, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) UMML 0,54791666667, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) UMML 0,54861111111, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 10504, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 14462, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 14498, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 14568, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 16154, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 16159, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 17047, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 19164, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46006, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46007, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46008, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46009, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46010, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46011, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46012, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46013, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46014, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46015, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46016, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46017, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46018, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46019, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46020, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46021, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46022, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46023, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46026, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46027, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 46238, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 54498, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 75691, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 84813, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) BMNH 1901.6.11.3-7, geounit Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) ORI, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) SIO Co 532, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19215, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19237, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 19247, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49117, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49118, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49119, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 49120, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 73766, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77010, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77025, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 77028, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78511, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78605, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 78616, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 80809, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 83582, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 84355, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 92606, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 92611, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99226, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99228, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99229, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) USNM 99233, geounit Bermudian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) USNM 47525, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madrepora prolifera Pallas, 1766) MRSN 185, geounit Montserrat Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia pertusa until more study is done. S. Cairns 2019 [details]
LanguageName 
English white stony coral [from synonym]spider hazards [from synonym]eye coral [from synonym]  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé [from synonym]  [details]
German Augenkoralle [from synonym]  [details]
Living coral thickets on Galway Mound, Porcupine Seabight
 Living coral thicke...
[image from synonym]

A detail of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata
 A detail of Lopheli...
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (1) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (2) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 004774.CN)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]