WoRMS taxon details

Leptogorgia Milne Edwards, 1857

125302  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125302)

accepted
Genus
Gorgonia viminalis Pallas, 1766 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (type by subsequent designation)
Asperogorgia Stiasny, 1943 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Gorgonia (Litigorgia) Verrill, 1868 · unaccepted (changed combination)
Litigorgia Verrill, 1868 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophogorgia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Platygorgia Studer, 1887 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Species Leptogorgia acuta Bielschowsky, 1918
Species Leptogorgia aequatorialis Bielschowsky in Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia alba (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Leptogorgia albipunctata Stiasny, 1936
Species Leptogorgia annobonensis Grasshoff, 1992
Species Leptogorgia arbuscula (Philippi, 1866)
Species Leptogorgia aureoflavescens Grasshoff, 1988
Species Leptogorgia barbadensis (Bayer, 1961)
Species Leptogorgia barnardi Stiasny, 1940
Species Leptogorgia bayeri Williams & Lindo, 1997
Species Leptogorgia californica (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia capensis (Hickson, 1900)
Species Leptogorgia capverdensis (Grasshoff, 1986)
Species Leptogorgia cardinalis (Bayer, 1961)
Species Leptogorgia chilensis Verrill, 1868
Species Leptogorgia christiae Guzman & Breedy, 2008
Species Leptogorgia clavata (Horn, 1861)
Species Leptogorgia cofrini Breedy & Guzman, 2005
Species Leptogorgia contorta Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia cortesi Breedy & Guzman, 2012
Species Leptogorgia cuspidata Verrill, 1865
Species Leptogorgia dakarensis Stiasny, 1939
Species Leptogorgia dichotoma Verrill, 1870
Species Leptogorgia diffusa (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia dubia Kükenthal, 1924
Species Leptogorgia ena Breedy, Abeytia & Guzman, 2012
Species Leptogorgia enrici Hernández, Gómez-Gutiérrez & Sánchez, 2021
Species Leptogorgia esperi Verrill, 1869
Species Leptogorgia euryale (Bayer, 1952)
Species Leptogorgia exigua Verrill, 1870
Species Leptogorgia fasciculata Bielschowsky, 1918
Species Leptogorgia festiva (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
Species Leptogorgia filicrispa Horvath, 2011
Species Leptogorgia flexilis (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia florae (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia floridana Verrill, 1869
Species Leptogorgia fruticosa Hickson, 1928
Species Leptogorgia fuscopunctata (W. Koch, 1886)
Species Leptogorgia gaini (Stiasny, 1940)
Species Leptogorgia gilchristi (Hickson, 1904)
Species Leptogorgia hebes Verrill, 1869
Species Leptogorgia ignita Breedy & Guzman, 2008
Species Leptogorgia iridis Hernández, Gómez-Gutiérrez & Sánchez, 2021
Species Leptogorgia labiata Verrill, 1870
Species Leptogorgia laxa Hickson, 1928
Species Leptogorgia lutkeni (Wright & Studer, 1889)
Species Leptogorgia manabiensis Soler-Hurtado, Megina, Machordom & López-González, 2017
Species Leptogorgia mariarosae Soler-Hurtado & López-González, 2012
Species Leptogorgia martirensis Hernández, Gómez-Gutiérrez & Sánchez, 2021
Species Leptogorgia medusa (Bayer, 1952)
Species Leptogorgia miniata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857)
Species Leptogorgia multifida (Verrill, 1870)
Species Leptogorgia mutabilis (Breedy, Williams & Guzman, 2013)
Species Leptogorgia nobilis (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia obscura Bielschowsky in Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766)
Species Leptogorgia parva Bielschowsky in Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia peruviana (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia piccola Grasshoff, 1988
Species Leptogorgia pinnata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Leptogorgia porosissima Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Species Leptogorgia principensis Grasshoff, 1992
Species Leptogorgia pseudogracilis Castro, Medeiros & Loiola, 2010
Species Leptogorgia pulcherrima Bielschowsky in Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia pumila (Verrill, 1868)
Species Leptogorgia punicea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857)
Species Leptogorgia purpurea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Leptogorgia purpureoviolacea (Stiasny, 1936)
Species Leptogorgia pusilla Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia querciformis (Bielschowsky, 1918)
Species Leptogorgia ramulus (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857)
Species Leptogorgia rathbunii Verrill, 1912
Species Leptogorgia regis Hickson, 1928
Species Leptogorgia rigida Verrill, 1864
Species Leptogorgia ruberrima (W. Koch, 1886)
Species Leptogorgia rubra Bielschowsky, 1918
Species Leptogorgia rubroflavescens Stiasny, 1937
Species Leptogorgia rubropurpurea Verrill, 1912
Species Leptogorgia saharensis Stiasny, 1939
Species Leptogorgia sanguinea (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791)
Species Leptogorgia setacea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Leptogorgia stheno (Bayer, 1952)
Species Leptogorgia styx Bayer, 2000
Species Leptogorgia sulfurea Bielschowsky, 1918
Species Leptogorgia sylvanae Stiasny, 1940
Species Leptogorgia taboguillae (Hickson, 1928)
Species Leptogorgia tenuis Verrill, 1870
Species Leptogorgia tenuissima Kükenthal, 1919
Species Leptogorgia tricorata Breedy & Cortés, 2011
Species Leptogorgia varians (W. Koch, 1886)
Species Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766)
Species Leptogorgia violacea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Leptogorgia violetta Grasshoff, 1988
Species Leptogorgia virgea (Valenciennes, 1855)
Species Leptogorgia virgulata (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Leptogorgia waltonae Olvera, Hernández, Sánchez & Gómez-Gutiérrez, 2018

Species Leptogorgia abietina Kükenthal, 1919 accepted as Leptogorgia gilchristi (Hickson, 1904) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia adamsii (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Pacifigorgia adamsii (Verrill, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Leptogorgia aequatorialis Bielschowsky, 1918 (unaccepted > nomen nudum, described in Kükenthal, 1919)
Species Leptogorgia africana J.S. Thomson, 1916 accepted as Leptogorgia gilchristi (Hickson, 1904) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia africana (Kükenthal, 1919) accepted as Filigorgia angolana (Grasshoff, 1992) (unaccepted > junior homonym, of Leptogorgia africana J.S. Thomson, 1917)
Species Leptogorgia agassizi Verrill, 1868 accepted as Pacifigorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1864) (misspelled, incorrect date of authority)
Species Leptogorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Pacifigorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Leptogorgia ampla (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Eugorgia ampla (Verrill, 1864) (incorrect authority)
Species Leptogorgia ampla Verrill, 1864 accepted as Eugorgia ampla (Verrill, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Leptogorgia angolana Grasshoff, 1992 accepted as Filigorgia angolana (Grasshoff, 1992) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Leptogorgia aurantiaca (Valenciennes, 1855) accepted as Echinogorgia aurantiaca (Valenciennes, 1855) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia aurata J.S. Thomson, 1916 accepted as Leptogorgia gilchristi (Hickson, 1904) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia australiensis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia australiensis (Ridley, 1884) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia beringi Nutting, 1912 accepted as Calcigorgia beringi (Nutting, 1912) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia bianci (von Koch, 1882) accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia biflabellum Pax & Müller, 1956 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia boryana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Ellisella ceratophyta (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia cabofalsoi (Stiasny, 1939) accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia carolinensis Verrill, 1872 accepted as Leptogorgia hebes Verrill, 1869 (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia cauliculus (Valenciennes, 1855) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Leptogorgia cauliculus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia crista (Möbius, 1861) accepted as Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia daniana (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Eugorgia daniana Verrill, 1868 (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia dartevellei Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia dioxys Bielschowsky in Kükenthal, 1919 accepted as Leptogorgia varians (W. Koch, 1886) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia divergens Studer, 1878 accepted as Euplexaura divergens (Studer, 1878) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia eximia (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Pacifigorgia eximia (Verrill, 1868) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia flammea (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia flavida Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Leptogorgia dubia Kükenthal, 1924 (junior secondary homonym of Gorgonia flavida Lamarck, 1816)
Species Leptogorgia formosa Nutting, 1910 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia formosa (Nutting, 1910) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia gabunensis Stiasny, 1951 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia gonzagai Stiasny, 1937 accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia gruveli (Stiasny, 1936) accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia guineensis Grasshoff, 1988 accepted as Filigorgia guineensis (Grasshoff, 1988) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia haliotrephes Pax & Müller, 1956 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia longiramosa Kükenthal, 1924 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia lusitanica Stiasny, 1937 accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia machielsi Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia maghrebensis (Stiasny, 1936) accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia media (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Pacifigorgia media (Verrill, 1864) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia moandaensis Pax & Müller, 1956 accepted as Leptogorgia schoutedeni Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Filigorgia schoutedeni (Stiasny, 1939) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia monodi Stiasny, 1937 accepted as Leptogorgia ruberrima (W. Koch, 1886) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia obscura Bielschowsky, 1918 (unaccepted > nomen nudum, described in Kükenthal, 1919)
Species Leptogorgia occidafricana (Stiasny, 1936) accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia ornata (Pfeffer, 1887) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, uncertain synonym)
Species Leptogorgia panamensis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Eugorgia panamensis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia parva Bielschowsky, 1918 (unaccepted > nomen nudum, described in Kükenthal, 1919)
Species Leptogorgia peruana Verrill, 1868 accepted as Leptogorgia peruviana (Verrill, 1868) (unjustified emendation)
Species Leptogorgia petechizans (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Leptogorgia pinnaeformis Stiasny, 1951 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia polignaci Stiasny, 1940 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia pourtalesii (Deichmann, 1936) accepted as Swiftia pourtalesii Deichmann, 1936 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Leptogorgia pulchra Verrill, 1870 accepted as Pacifigorgia pulchra (Verrill, 1870) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia pumicea (Valenciennes, 1855) accepted as Leptogorgia punicea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (misspelling, incorrect authority)
Species Leptogorgia puniacea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) accepted as Leptogorgia punicea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (lapsus calami)
Species Leptogorgia purpureomaculata Stiasny, 1936 accepted as Leptogorgia albipunctata Stiasny, 1936 (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia radula (Möbius, 1861) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia ramulus (Valenciennes, 1855) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Leptogorgia ridouri (Stiasny, 1937) accepted as Filigorgia ridouri Stiasny, 1937 accepted as Filigorgia riodouroi Stiasny, 1937 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Leptogorgia riodouroi (Stiasny, 1937) accepted as Filigorgia riodouroi Stiasny, 1937 (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia robusta Verrill, 1870 accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia rosea (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia rutila (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Pacifigorgia rutila (Verrill, 1868) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Leptogorgia schoutedeni Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Filigorgia schoutedeni (Stiasny, 1939) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia senegalensis Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Leptogorgia dakarensis Stiasny, 1939 (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia setubalensis Stiasny, 1937 accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Leptogorgia stenobrochis (Valenciennes, 1846) accepted as Pacifigorgia stenobrochis (Valenciennes, 1846) (changed combination)
Species Leptogorgia torresia Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia torresia (Wright & Studer, 1889) (original combination)
Species Leptogorgia trinidadensis Hickson, 1928 accepted as Leptogorgia setacea (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia webbiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Leptogorgia zacae Deichmann accepted as Pacifigorgia senta Breedy & Guzman, 2003 (unpublished museum catalog name)

Species Leptogorgia taboguilla (Hickson, 1928) represented as Leptogorgia taboguillae (Hickson, 1928) (Misspelling present in some publications)

Species Leptogorgia caryi Verrill, 1868 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
Species Leptogorgia chevalieri Stiasny (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia densa Philippi, 1892 (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia miniacea (Esper, 1791) (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia ochracea Thomson & Henderson, 1906 (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia purpurea (Esper) (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia rosea Philippi, 1892 (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia studeri Verrill, 1912 (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Leptogorgia subcompressa Philippi, 1892 (uncertain > unassessed)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Milne Edwards H,. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires, ou polypes proprement dits. 1. <em>Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.</em> 326 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12045211
page(s): 163 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
McFadden, C.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2022). World List of Octocorallia. Leptogorgia Milne Edwards, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125302 on 2022-09-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-14 06:45:32Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-17 05:35:46Z
checked
2021-06-13 18:27:50Z
changed
2021-06-19 21:34:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards H,. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires, ou polypes proprement dits. 1. <em>Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.</em> 326 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12045211
page(s): 163 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lophogorgia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) Milne Edwards H,. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires, ou polypes proprement dits. 1. <em>Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.</em> 326 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12045211
page(s): 167 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Litigorgia Verrill, 1868) Verrill, A.E. (1868-1870). Notes on Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species. No. 6. Review of the corals and polyps of the west coast of America. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Science.</em> 1: 377-558, pl. 6., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27729638 [details]   

original description  (of Gorgonia (Litigorgia) Verrill, 1868) Verrill, A.E. (1868). Critical remarks on halcyonoid polyps in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera. <em>The American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2).</em> 45: 411-416., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36447997 [details]   

original description  (of Platygorgia Studer, 1887) Studer, T. (1887). Versuch eines Systemes der Alcyonaria. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 53(1):1-74., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6379196
page(s): 60-61 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]., available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1996). The Antarctic genus Callozostron and its relationship to Primnoella (Octocorallia: Gorgonacea: Primnoidae). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 109(1): 150-203., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34644751
page(s): 193 [details]   

additional source Hermanlimianto, M.I.Y.T.; van Ofwegen, L.P. (2006). A new species of Astrogorgia (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Plexauridae) from Bali. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 80-4(10): 103-108.
page(s): 104 [details]   

additional source Breedy, O.; Guzman, H. M. (2007). A revision of the genus Leptogorgia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) in the eastern Pacific. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1419(1): 1-90., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1419.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams, G.C. (2000). Two new genera of soft corals (Anthozoa: Alcyoniidae) from South Africa, with a discussion of diversity and endemism in the Southern African octocorallian fauna. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 52(6): 65-75.
page(s): 71, 72 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C.; Breedy, O. (2004). The Panamic Gorgonian Genus Pacifigorgia (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) in the Galápagos Archipelago, with Descriptions of Three New Species. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 55(3): 55-88., available online at http://www.archive.org/download/proceedingso551122004cali/proceedingso551122004cali.pdf
page(s): 56, 57 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M.; Grasshoff, M. (1995). Two new species of the gorgonacean genus Ctenocella (Coelenterata: Anthozoa, Octocorallia) from deep reefs in the western Atlantic. <em>Bulletin of marine science.</em> 56(2), 625-652., available online at https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/umrsmas/bullmar/1995/00000056/00000002/art00019
page(s): 625 [details]   

additional source Grasshoff, M. (1992). Die Flachwasser-Gorgonarien von Europa und Westafrika (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). <em>Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Band 149.</em> Frankfurt a. M., 135 pp.
page(s): 54 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Breedy, O. (2001). A new species of Pacifigorgia from the eastern Pacific (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). [Una nueva especie de Pacifigorgia del Pacífico oriental (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae)]. <em>Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 10, 181-187.
page(s): 182, 186 [details]   

additional source van Ofwegen, L. P.; Hoeksema, B. W. (2001). Astrogorgia bayeri, a new gorgonian octocoral species from South Sulawesi (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Plexauridae). <em>Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 10, 66-70.
page(s): 70 [details]   

additional source Deichmann, E. (1936). The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College.</em> 53: 1-317, plates 1-37., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4363633
page(s): 176, 184-185, Plate 17, 19 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 141 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 248 [details]   

additional source Smith, P. J.; McVeagh, S. M.; Mingoia, J. T.; France, S. C. (2004). Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in deep-sea bamboo coral (Keratoisidinae) species in the southwest and northwest Pacific Ocean. Marine Biology, 144, 253-261
page(s): 257 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1958). Further remarks on the geographical distribution of Gorgoniidae. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 48(12): 394-396
page(s): 394, 395 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Gorgonian octocorals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 101(8): 181-296, Fig. 1., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40683324
page(s): 287 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A provisional annotated list of octocorallian coelenterates occurring on the sublittoral coral reefs at Sodwana Bay and Kosi Bay, northern Natal, with a key to the genera. South African Journal of Science, 85, 141-144
page(s): 142 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Leptogorgia sp., 57 m Yellowtail Reef, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-USGS-Deep Sea Systems International. Identifications by P. Etnoyer et al. For more information see supplementary material in: Etnoyer PJ, Wickes LN, Silva M, Dubick JD, Balthis L, Salgado E, MacDonald IR (2016). Decline in condition of gorgonian octocorals on mesophotic reefs in the northern Gulf of Mexico: before and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Coral Reefs 35: 77-90.
 

Leptogorgia sp., 61 m Roughtongue Reef, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-USGS-Deep Sea Systems International. Identifications by P. Etnoyer et al. For more information see supplementary material in: Etnoyer PJ, Wickes LN, Silva M, Dubick JD, Balthis L, Salgado E, MacDonald IR (2016). Decline in condition of gorgonian octocorals on mesophotic reefs in the northern Gulf of Mexico: before and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Coral Reefs 35: 77-90.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Tommasi Muzik 1)
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