WoRMS taxon details

Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758

125284  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284)

accepted
Genus
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
Species Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium aspiculatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Alcyonium aurantiacum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
Species Alcyonium bocagei (Saville Kent, 1870)
Species Alcyonium bosphorense (Tixier-Durivault, 1961)
Species Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2016
Species Alcyonium catalai Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Alcyonium ceylonense May, 1899
Species Alcyonium clavatum Studer, 1891
Species Alcyonium compactofestucum Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium compressum Studer, 1901
Species Alcyonium contortum Kükenthal, 1906
Species Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Esper, 1829
Species Alcyonium dendroides Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium dolium McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2017
Species Alcyonium elegans (Kükenthal, 1902)
Species Alcyonium etheridgei Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
Species Alcyonium fauri J.S. Thomson, 1910
Species Alcyonium foliatum J. S. Thomson, 1921
Species Alcyonium glaciophilum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium glomeratum (Hassall, 1843)
Species Alcyonium grandis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium graniferum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
Species Alcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
Species Alcyonium jorgei van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium manusdiaboli Linnaeus, 1767
Species Alcyonium maristenebrosi (Stiasny, 1937)
Species Alcyonium megasclerum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium membranaceum Kükenthal, 1906
Species Alcyonium muricatum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium norvegicum (Koren & Danielssen, 1883)
Species Alcyonium novarae Kükenthal, 1906
Species Alcyonium pacificum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium pasternaki Molodtsova, 2013
Species Alcyonium patagonicum (May, 1899)
Species Alcyonium paucilobulatum Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium profundum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium repens Stiasny, 1941
Species Alcyonium reptans Kükenthal, 1906
Species Alcyonium robustum Utinomi, 1976
Species Alcyonium roseum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Alcyonium senegalense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium siderium Verrill, 1922
Species Alcyonium sollasi Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium southgeorgiensis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium spitzbergense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium spongiosum Esper, 1829
Species Alcyonium studeri (J.S. Thomson, 1910)
Species Alcyonium submurale Ridley, 1883
Species Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921)
Species Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Alcyonium verseveldti Benayahu, 1982
Species Alcyonium yepayek van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007

Species Alcyonium ficus Pallas, 1766 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium ficus sensu Linnaeus, 1767 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium incrustans Esper, 1806 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium junceum Lamarck, 1815 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium rubrum Müller, 1879 (taxon inquirendum, ?Alcyonium digitatum juvenile)
Species Alcyonium sarcophytoides Burchardt, 1902 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium tomentosum (taxon inquirendum)

Species Alcyonium bradleyi Verrill (nomen dubium)
Species Alcyonium laciniosum Esper (nomen dubium)
Species Alcyonium stellatum Milne Edwards, 1835 (nomen dubium)
Species Alcyonium tubulosum Esper, 1791 (nomen dubium)

Species Alcyonium tuberculosum Esper, 1791 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Alcyonium (Erythropodium) accepted as Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium adriaticum Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium agaricum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Renilla reniformis (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium agaricum Stimpson, 1855 accepted as Sarcophyton agaricum (Stimpson, 1855) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium altum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium amicorum Blainville accepted as Ammothea amicorum (Blainville) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium arboreum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Paragorgia arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium asbestinum Pallas, 1766 accepted as Briareum asbestinum (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium australe Macfadyen, 1936 accepted as Cladiella australis (Macfadyen, 1936) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium boletiforme Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium boletus Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Thorectandra boletus (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium brachyclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Cladiella brachyclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium brachycladum (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Alcyonium brachyclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Cladiella brachyclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) (variant spelling)
Species Alcyonium brioniense Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium bulbosum Esper, 1794 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium caparti Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum caparti (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium capitatum (Pfeffer, 1889) accepted as Bellonella capitata (Pfeffer, 1889) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium carneum Verrill, 1864 accepted as Gersemia carnea (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Gersemia rubiformis (Ehrenberg, 1834) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium ceylonicum Pratt, 1905 accepted as Cladiella ceylonica (Pratt, 1905) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium cidaris Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Geodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium clavatum (Pfeffer, 1889) accepted as Bellonella clavata (Pfeffer, 1889) (pre-occupied)
Species Alcyonium compactum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium complanatum Verseveldt, 1977 accepted as Skamnarium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium confertum Dana, 1846 accepted as Sinularia conferta (Dana, 1846) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium cotoneum Pallas, 1766 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (nomen oblitum)
Species Alcyonium cranium Müller, 1776 accepted as Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cuspidiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cervicornia cuspidifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cylindricum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Neopetrosia cylindrica (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium digitulatum Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Cladiella digitulata (Klunzinger, 1877) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium distinctum Williams, 1988 accepted as Porphyrophyton distinctum (Williams, 1988) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium distortum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium domuncula Olivi, 1792 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium echinatum Fleming, 1828 accepted as Hydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1828) (basionym)
Species Alcyonium echinatum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium elegantissimum May, 1899 accepted as Lobularia elegantissima (May, 1899) accepted as Cladiella elegantissima (May, 1899) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium ensiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Homaxinella ensifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium epipetrum Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Veretillum cynomorium (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium epiphytum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium equisetiform Lüttschwager, 1922 accepted as Klyxum equisetiform (Lüttschwager, 1922) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium fallax Lüttschwager, 1922 accepted as Tenerodus fallax (Lüttschwager, 1922) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium faura J.S. Thomson, 1910 accepted as Alcyonium fauri J.S. Thomson, 1910 (misspelling)
Species Alcyonium flabellum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Paralemnalia flabella (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium flaccidum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Klyxum flaccidum (Tixier-Durivault, 1966) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium flexibile Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Sinularia flexibilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium flexile Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Sinularia flexibilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination, mispelled)
Species Alcyonium floridum Esper, 1791 accepted as Spongodes florida (Esper, 1791) accepted as Dendronephthya florida (Esper, 1791) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium fruticosum Sars, 1860 accepted as Gersemia fruticosa (Sars, 1860) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Rhytisma fulvum (Forskål, 1775) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium fungiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium glaucum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium globosum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum globosum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium globuliferum Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Lobularia globulifera (Klunzinger, 1877) accepted as Cladiella globulifera (Klunzinger, 1877) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium gracillimum Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Scleronephthya gracillimum (Kükenthal, 1906) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium grandiflorum (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974) accepted as Lateothela grandiflora (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium granulatum Esper, 1829 accepted as Myrmekioderma granulatum (Esper, 1829) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum gruveli (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium gyrosum Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Sinularia gyrosa (Klunzinger, 1877) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium imbricatum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Capnella imbricata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium khoisanianum Williams, 1988 accepted as Pieterfaurea khoisaniana (Williams, 1988) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium Klunzingeri Thomson & Simpson, 1909 accepted as Lobularia Klunzingeri (Thomson & Simpson, 1909) accepted as Cladiella klunzingeri (Thomson & Simpson, 1909) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium krempfi Hickson, 1919 accepted as Cladiella krempfi (Hickson, 1919) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium kukenthali Nutting, 1912 accepted as Eunephthya spiculosa Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Scleronephthya spiculosa (Kükenthal, 1906) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium laeve Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis laeve (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium latum Dana, 1846 accepted as Sarcophyton latum (Dana, 1846) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium laxum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum laxum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium legitimum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum legitimum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium leptoclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Sinularia leptoclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium luetkeni (von Marenzeller, 1878) accepted as Eunephthya glomerata Verrill, 1869 accepted as Drifa glomerata (Verrill, 1869) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium luteum Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium lyncurium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium macropodium Hickson & Hiles, 1900 accepted as Sinularia macropodia (Hickson & Hiles, 1900) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium miniatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum miniatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium molle Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum molle (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium monodi Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum monodi (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium monticulum Verseveldt, 1982 accepted as Rhytisma monticulum (Verseveldt, 1982) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium moriferum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) accepted as Parasphaerasclera morifera (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium multiflorum Verrill, 1879 accepted as Duva multiflora (Verrill, 1879) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium murale Dana, 1846 accepted as Lobophytum crassum von Marenzeller, 1886 (original combination)
Species Alcyonium mutabiliforme Williams, 1988 accepted as Dimorphophyton mutabiliforme (Williams, 1988) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium okinawanum Utinomi, 1976 accepted as Klyxum okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium opuntioides Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Antho (Antho) opuntioides (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium pachyclados Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Lobularia pachyclados (Klunzinger, 1877) accepted as Cladiella pachyclados (Klunzinger, 1877) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium paessleri May, 1899 accepted as Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium paniceum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium papillosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Phoriospongia papillosa (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium parasiticum Fleming, 1828 accepted as Alcyonidium parasiticum (Fleming, 1828) (basionym)
Species Alcyonium patulum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum patulum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium pauciflorum (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Lobophytum pauciflorum (Ehrenberg, 1834) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium planiceps Williams, 1986 accepted as Lampophyton planiceps (Williams, 1986) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium plexaureum Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Briareum plexaura (Lamouroux, 1821) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium pobeguini Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum pobeguini (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (original combination)
Species Alcyonium polydactylum (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Sinularia polydactyla (Ehrenberg, 1834) (changed combination)
Species Alcyonium pulmo Esper accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium purpureum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Spheciospongia purpurea (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium purpureum Hickson, 1904 accepted as Alcyonium fallax Lüttschwager, 1922 accepted as Tenerodus fallax (Lüttschwager, 1922) (pre-occupied)
Species Alcyonium pusillum Tixier-Durivault & Lafargue, 1966 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Alcyonium putridosum Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium pyrifera Delle Chiaje, 1828 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium ramosum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium rigidum Dana, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium roseum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Alcyonium roseum Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Alcyonium rotiferum J.S. Thomson, 1910 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium rotundum Thomson & Dean, 1931 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium rubiforme (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted, changed combination)
Species Alcyonium rubistella Deichmann, 1936 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Alcyonium rubrum Müller, 1776)
Species Alcyonium rudyi Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium sceptrum Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium simplex Thomson & Dean, 1931 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium sphaerophorum (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted, changed combination)
Species Alcyonium strictum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium terminale Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium testudinarium Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium tuberculosum Esper, 1805 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium tuberculosum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium utinomii Verseveldt, 1971 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium valdiviae Kükenthal, 1906 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium vesparium Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium violaceum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Alcyonium Wilsoni J.S. Thomson, 1921 (unaccepted, original combination)

Species Alcyonium alburnum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium ceicis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Alcyonium flavum Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
Species Alcyonium gelatinosum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium lobatum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium luteum Quoy & Gaimard, 1827 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium lütkeni Verrill, 1879
Species Alcyonium trichanthinum Dana, 1846
Species Alcyonium viride Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has...  
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
WoRMS (2021). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2021-05-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z
changed
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z
changed
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Parerythropodium Kükenthal, 1916) Kükenthal, W. (1916). Die Gorgonarien Westindiens. Kap. 1, Die Scleraxonier; Kap. 2, Über den Venusfächer; Kap. 3, Die Gattung Xiphigorgia. <em>Zoologische Jahrbucher.</em> Suppl. 11: 443-504, plate 23., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14178786
page(s): 461-464 [details]   

original description  (of Pseudoalcyonium Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974) Tixier-Durivault, A.; d'Hondt, M.J. (1974). Les octocoralliaires de la campagne Biacores. <em>Bulletin de la Museum Nationale d'Histoire naturelle Paris, Ser. 3.</em> 252: 1361-1433.
page(s): 1376 [details]   

original description  (of Anthozoanthus Deshays M.S. in Carter, 1870) Carter, H.J. (1870). On Anthozoanthus parasiticus, Deshayes, M.S. (Algiers.). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> Ser. 4, 5(25-30): 449., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16355652 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 1-73, plates 1-15. [details]   

additional source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P. (2013). Molecular phylogenetic evidence supports a new family of octocorals and a new genus of Alcyoniidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zookeys.</em> 346: 59-83. [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Ofwegen, L. P. van. (2017). Revisionary systematics of the endemic soft coral fauna (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniina) of the Agulhas Bioregion, South Africa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4363(4): 451-488., available online at https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4363.4.1
page(s): 460 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358.
page(s): 271 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1986). A new species of the octocorallian genus Alcyonium (Anthozoa: Alcyonacea) from southern Africa, with a revised diagnosis of the genus. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 20: 53-63.
page(s): 61; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese ウミトサカ属  [details]
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]