WoRMS source details

Pawson, D. L. (1970). The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Sea Cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Mem. N.Z. oceanogr. Inst. 52: 1-69.
Pawson, D. L.
The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Sea Cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea).
Mem. N.Z. oceanogr. Inst.
52: 1-69.
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The New Zealand holothurian fauna now comprises 49 species belonging to 36 genera. All orders of the Class Holothuroidea occur in New Zealand, and the Dendrochirotida, Elasipodida, and Apodida are particularly well represented. The fauna is reviewed here, the report being based upon a total of J ,J 21 specimens in the collections of the New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, the Dominion Museum, and other institutions. Keys are given to all taxa, and a general key to the species is given. One new family is diagnosed to accommodate the New Zealand genus Heterothyone. Notable features of the fauna are the high incidence of primitive (U-shaped) species and the presence of only one conspicuous species (Stichopus mollis (Hutton)) in the intertidal zone. The holothurians do not demonstrate provincial distribution patterns as convincingly as do the asteroids and echinoids. Twelve species have been collected in the intertidal zone; of these seven extend to the continental shelf or slope. Of the 27 species known from the continental shelf, 14 range into bathyal depths. In the bathyal zone 31 species occur, of which 17 are apparently restricted to those depths. Relationships and origin of the fauna are difficult to determine in the absence of a fossil record. At the species level 83 % of the shelf holothurians are restricted to the New Zealand region. Four species are shared with Australia, and one with Juan Fernandez Island. In contrast, approximately 45 % of the shelf echinoids are shared with Australia. The genera represented in the fauna are mainly widespread in world seas, and thus offer no conclusive evidence of affinities of the New Zealand fauna. It is concluded that, as many other invertebrate groups in the New Zealand fauna are obviously derived chiefly from the Australian-lndo-Pacific region, the holothurians also were probably derived from the same source.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2022-05-16 08:36:49Z

Amperima tui Pawson, 1965 accepted as Achlyonice tui (Pawson, 1965) (identification resource)
Amphicyclus thomsoni (Hutton, 1879) (identification resource)
Bathygone papillatum Pawson, 1965 accepted as Laetmogone fimbriata (Sluiter, 1901) (identification resource)
Bathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) (identification resource)
Benthodytes hystrix Sluiter, 1901 accepted as Benthodytes sibogae Sluiter, 1901 (identification resource)
Benthogone rosea Koehler, 1895 (identification resource)
Chiridota carnleyensis Mortensen, 1925 (identification resource)
Chiridota gigas Dendy & Hindle, 1907 (identification resource)
Chiridota mortenseni Pawson, 1962 accepted as Chiridota gigas Dendy & Hindle, 1907 (identification resource)
Chiridota nigra Mortensen, 1925 (identification resource)
Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) (identification resource)
Enypniastes eximia Théel, 1882 (identification resource)
Hedingia albicans (Théel, 1886) Deichmann, 1938 (identification resource)
Heteromolpadia marenzelleri (Théel, 1886) (identification resource)
Heteromolpadia pikei Pawson, 1965 (identification resource)
Heterothyone alba (Hutton, 1872) (identification resource)
Heterothyone ocnoides (Dendy, 1897) (identification resource)
Heterothyonidae Pawson, 1970 (original description)
Ilyodaemon abstrusus Sluiter, 1901 accepted as Benthogone abstrusa (Sluiter, 1901) (identification resource)
Kolostoneura novaezealandiae (Dendy & Hindle, 1907) (identification resource)
Laetmogone violacea Théel, 1879 (identification resource)
Mesothuria (Zygothuria) lactea (Théel, 1886) accepted as Zygothuria lactea (Théel, 1886) (identification resource)
Molpadia antarctica (Théel, 1886) (identification resource)
Molpadia musculus Risso, 1826 (identification resource)
Molpadia violacea Studer, 1876 (identification resource)
Neocucumella bicolumnata (Dendy & Hindle, 1907) (identification resource)
Neothyonidium armatum Pawson, 1965 (identification resource)
Neothyonidium dearmatum (Dendy & Hindle, 1907) (identification resource)
Pannychia moseleyi Théel, 1882 (identification resource)
Paracaudina chilensis (J. Müller, 1850) (identification resource)
Pentadactyla longidentis (Hutton, 1872) (identification resource)
Placothuria huttoni (Dendy, 1897) (identification resource)
Placothuria squamata Pawson, 1968 (identification resource)
Protankyra rigida Pawson, 1965 (identification resource)
Pseudocnus leoninoides (Mortensen, 1925) accepted as Pentactella leoninoides (Mortensen, 1925) (identification resource)
Pseudopsolus macquariensis (Dendy, 1897) (identification resource)
Psolidiella nigra Mortensen, 1925 (identification resource)
Psolus neozelanicus Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Psolus antarcticus (Philippi, 1857) (identification resource)
Rynkatorpa uncinata (Hutton, 1872) (identification resource)
Scotoplanes gilpinbrowni Pawson, 1965 accepted as Achlyonice gilpinbrowni (Pawson, 1965) (identification resource)
Stichopus mollis (Hutton, 1872) accepted as Australostichopus mollis (Hutton, 1872) (identification resource)
Trochodota dendyi Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Taeniogyrus dendyi (Mortensen, 1925) (identification resource)
Trochodota dunedinensis (Parker, 1881) accepted as Taeniogyrus dunedinensis (Parker, 1881) (identification resource)
Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) (identification resource)