WoRMS taxon details

Sparidae Rafinesque, 1818

125564  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125564)

accepted
Family
Centracanthidae Gill, 1893 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Genus Acanthopagrus Peters, 1855
  2. Genus Amamiichthys Tanaka & Iwatsuki, 2015
  3. Genus Archosargus Gill, 1865
  4. Genus Argyrops Swainson, 1839
  5. Genus Argyrozona Smith, 1938
  6. Genus Boops Cuvier, 1814
  7. Genus Boopsoidea Castelnau, 1861
  8. Genus Calamus Swainson, 1839
  9. Genus Centracanthus Rafinesque, 1810
  10. Genus Cheimerius Smith, 1938
  11. Genus Chrysoblephus Swainson, 1839
  12. Genus Chrysophrys Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
  13. Genus Crenidens Valenciennes, 1830
  14. Genus Cymatoceps Smith, 1938
  15. Genus Dentex Cuvier, 1814
  16. Genus Diplodus Rafinesque, 1810
  17. Genus Evynnis Jordan & Thompson, 1912
  18. Genus Gymnocrotaphus Günther, 1859
  19. Genus Lagodon Holbrook, 1855
  20. Genus Lithognathus Swainson, 1839
  21. Genus Oblada Cuvier, 1829
  22. Genus Pachymetopon Günther, 1859
  23. Genus Pagellus Valenciennes, 1830
  24. Genus Pagrus Cuvier, 1816
  25. Genus Parargyrops Tanaka, 1916
  26. Genus Petrus Smith, 1938
  27. Genus Polyamblyodon Norman, 1935
  28. Genus Polysteganus Klunzinger, 1870
  29. Genus Porcostoma Smith, 1938
  30. Genus Pterogymnus Smith, 1938
  31. Genus Rhabdosargus Fowler, 1933
  32. Genus Sarpa Bonaparte, 1831
  33. Genus Sparidentex Munro, 1948
  34. Genus Sparodon Smith, 1938
  35. Genus Sparus Linnaeus, 1758
  36. Genus Spicara Rafinesque, 1810
  37. Genus Spondyliosoma Cantor, 1849
  38. Genus Stenotomus Gill, 1865
  39. Genus Virididentex Poll, 1971
  40. Genus Acanthopagros accepted as Acanthopagrus Peters, 1855 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  41. Genus Allotaius Whitley, 1937 accepted as Dentex Cuvier, 1814 (synonym)
  42. Genus Aurata Oken (ex Cuvier), 1817 accepted as Sparus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  43. Genus Austrosparus Smith, 1938 accepted as Rhabdosargus Fowler, 1933
  44. Genus Caranthus Barnard, 1927 accepted as Spondyliosoma Cantor, 1849
  45. Genus Centracantus accepted as Centracanthus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
  46. Genus Charax Risso, 1827 accepted as Diplodus Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted > junior homonym, homonym of Charax Scopoli in Characidae, Fishes)
  47. Genus Cheimarius accepted as Cheimerius Smith, 1938 (misspelling)
  48. Genus Cheimerus accepted as Cheimerius Smith, 1938 (misspelling)
  49. Genus Chysophrys accepted as Chrysophrys Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  50. Genus Coleosmaris Norman, 1931 accepted as Spicara Rafinesque, 1810
  51. Genus Eusalpa Fowler, 1925 accepted as Sarpa Bonaparte, 1831
  52. Genus Lithognatus accepted as Lithognathus Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  53. Genus Maena Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Spicara Rafinesque, 1810
  54. Genus Merolepis Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Spicara Rafinesque, 1810
  55. Genus Mylio Commerson, 1802 accepted as Acanthopagrus Peters, 1855
  56. Genus Oblado accepted as Oblada Cuvier, 1829 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  57. Genus Oblata accepted as Oblada Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)
  58. Genus Opsodentex Fowler, 1925 accepted as Dentex Cuvier, 1814
  59. Genus Pagrosomus Gill, 1893 accepted as Pagrus Cuvier, 1816
  60. Genus Pagus accepted as Pagrus Cuvier, 1816 (misspelling)
  61. Genus Pargus accepted as Pagrus Cuvier, 1816 (misspelling)
  62. Genus Petras accepted as Petrus Smith, 1938 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  63. Genus Porcostomus accepted as Porcostoma Smith, 1938 (misspelling)
  64. Genus Pterosmaris Fowler, 1925 accepted as Spicara Rafinesque, 1810
  65. Genus Puntazzo Bleeker, 1876 accepted as Diplodus Rafinesque, 1810
  66. Genus Rhadosarga accepted as Rhabdosargus Fowler, 1933 (misspelling)
  67. Genus Roughleyia Whitley, 1931 accepted as Sparus Linnaeus, 1758
  68. Genus Sargus Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Diplodus Rafinesque, 1810
  69. Genus Semapagrus Fowler, 1925 accepted as Pagrus Cuvier, 1816
  70. Genus Sparosomus Gill, 1893 accepted as Pagrus Cuvier, 1816 (synonym)
  71. Genus Taius Jordan & Thompson, 1912 accepted as Dentex Cuvier, 1814
  72. Genus Scatharus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830 accepted as Spondyliosoma Cantor, 1849 (uncertain)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description Chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific...  
Description Chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin usually having 10-13 spines; soft rays 10-15. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 8-14. Maxilla hidden by a sheath when mouth is closed. Branchiostegal rays 6. Vertebrae 24 (10 + 14). To about 1.2 m maximum length. Many species have been found to be hermaphroditic; some have male and female gonads simultaneously; others change sex as they get larger. Premier food and game fishes. Many species around southern Africa. A few species have been implicated in cases of ciguatera. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Sparidae Rafinesque, 1818. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125564 on 2024-03-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed
2021-06-30 12:05:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin usually having 10-13 spines; soft rays 10-15. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 8-14. Maxilla hidden by a sheath when mouth is closed. Branchiostegal rays 6. Vertebrae 24 (10 + 14). To about 1.2 m maximum length. Many species have been found to be hermaphroditic; some have male and female gonads simultaneously; others change sex as they get larger. Premier food and game fishes. Many species around southern Africa. A few species have been implicated in cases of ciguatera. [details]
LanguageName 
English porgiespicarels [from synonym]  [details]
German Brassen  [details]
Japanese タイ科  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål havkarussfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk havkarussfamilien  [details]
Swedish havsrudefiskar  [details]