WoRMS taxon details

Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864

135102  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135102)

accepted
Genus
Stephanocyathus elegans Seguenza, 1864 † (type by subsequent designation)
Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Subgenus Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) Wells, 1984
Subgenus Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) Moseley, 1880
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) campaniformis (Marenzeller, 1904)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) coronatus (Pourtalès, 1867)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) nobilis (Moseley, 1876)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) sexradii Alcock, 1902 accepted as Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888) (synonymy, wrong spelling species name)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) spinifer (Marenzeller, 1888) accepted as Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888) (changed combination, wrong spelling species name)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888) accepted as Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888) (changed combination)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) weberianus (Alcock, 1902) accepted as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) coronatus (Pourtalès, 1867) (synonymy)
Subgenus Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) Seguenza, 1864
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) cidaris Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) crassus (Jourdan, 1895)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) diadema (Moseley, 1876)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) imperialis Cairns, 2004
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) isabellae Reyes, Santodomingo & Cairns, 2009
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) laevifundus Cairns, 1977
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) moseleyanus (Sclater, 1886)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) paliferus Cairns, 1977
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) platypus (Moseley, 1876)
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) regius Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  » Species Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) bipatella (Alcock, 1902) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Stephanocyathus andrewianus (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)

Species Stephanocyathus weberianus (Alcock, 1902) accepted as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) coronatus (Pourtalès, 1867) (synonymy)

Species Stephanocyathus campaniformis (Marenzeller, 1904) represented as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) campaniformis (Marenzeller, 1904)
Species Stephanocyathus coronatus (Pourtalès, 1867) represented as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) coronatus (Pourtalès, 1867)
Species Stephanocyathus crassus (Jourdan, 1895) represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) crassus (Jourdan, 1895)
Species Stephanocyathus diadema (Moseley, 1876) represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) diadema (Moseley, 1876)
Species Stephanocyathus explanans (Marenzeller, 1904) represented as Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) explanans (Marenzeller, 1904)
Species Stephanocyathus imperialis Cairns, 2004 represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) imperialis Cairns, 2004
Species Stephanocyathus isabellae Reyes, Santodomingo & Cairns, 2009 represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) isabellae Reyes, Santodomingo & Cairns, 2009
Species Stephanocyathus laevifundus Cairns, 1977 represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) laevifundus Cairns, 1977
Species Stephanocyathus moseleyanus (Sclater, 1886) represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) moseleyanus (Sclater, 1886)
Species Stephanocyathus nobilis (Moseley, 1876) represented as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) nobilis (Moseley, 1876)
Species Stephanocyathus paliferus Cairns, 1977 represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) paliferus Cairns, 1977
Species Stephanocyathus platypus (Moseley, 1876) represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) platypus (Moseley, 1876)
Species Stephanocyathus regius Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 represented as Stephanocyathus (Stephanocyathus) regius Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
Species Stephanocyathus spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888) represented as Stephanocyathus (Acinocyathus) spiniger (Marenzeller, 1888)

Species Stephanocyathus bipatella (Alcock, 1902) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   
Depth range 220-2553 m  
Depth range 220-2553 m [details]

Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent  
Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135102 on 2022-06-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-08-19 13:35:51Z
changed
2010-09-09 20:29:02Z
changed
2019-08-18 13:20:37Z
changed
2020-04-10 07:30:40Z
changed
2022-06-24 11:12:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Sabinotrochus Duncan, 1873) Duncan PM. (1873). A description of the Madreporaria dredged up during the Expeditions of H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. <em>Transactions of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 8: 303-344, pls. 39-49. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., Budd, A.F., Lathuilière, B., Roniewicz, E., Stolarski, J., Johnson, K.G. (2010). Corallosphere. , available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Squires DF, Ralph PM. (1965). A new scleractinian coral of the genus Flabellum from New Zealand, with a new record of Stephanocyathus. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 78 : 259-264.
page(s): 260, 261, 262-263 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C.; Ocaña, O.; Brito, A. (1993). Corallimorpharia collected during the CANCAP expeditions (1976-1986) in the south-eastern part of the North Atlantic. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 282, 3-76
page(s): 51 [details]   

additional source Keller, N. B.; Naumov, D. V.; Pasternak, F. A. (1975). Bottom deep-sea Coelenterata from the Gulf and Caribbean [In Russian]. Transactions of the Institute of Oceanology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 100, 147-159
page(s): 156 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 153 [details]   

additional source Hall-Spencer, J.; Allain, V.; Fosså, J. H. (2002). Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 269, 507-511
page(s): 510 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype (of Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880) ZMAN, geounit East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880) ZMAN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Corallum solitary, bowl-shaped, free; septotheca costate; broad paliform lobes usually present before all but last septal cycle; columella papillose or a solid fusion of axial septal edges. [details]

Remark Approximately 14 species, half known as fossils. [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 220-2553 m [details]

Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent [details]