WoRMS taxon details

Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868)

135212  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135212)

accepted
Species
Madracis decactis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madracis luciphila Wells, 1973 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madracis pharensis f. luciphila Wells, 1973 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Forma Madracis pharensis f. luciphila Wells, 1973 accepted as Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Forma Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868) accepted as Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868) (changed combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Astrocoenia pharensis Heller, 1868) Heller C. (1868). Die Zoophyten und Echinodermen des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft von Wien.</em> 18, supplement: 1-88, 3 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43291 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Depth range 6-333 m  
Depth range 6-333 m [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135212 on 2022-12-02
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2018-07-05 08:49:41Z
changed
2022-05-29 06:08:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madracis pharensis f. luciphila Wells, 1973) Wells JW (1973) New and old scleractinian corals from Jamaica. Bulletin of Marine Science 23: 16-58. [details]   

original description  (of Astrocoenia pharensis Heller, 1868) Heller C. (1868). Die Zoophyten und Echinodermen des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft von Wien.</em> 18, supplement: 1-88, 3 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43291 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gili, J.M., 1982. Fauna de cnidaris de les illes Medes. Treballs Inst. Cat. Hist. nat. 10 : 1-175.
page(s): 129-130, 131 fig. 62 E [details]   

additional source Laborel J. (1967). A revised list of Brazilian scleractinian corals and description of a new species. <em>Postilla Yale Peabody Museum.</em> 107: 1-14.
page(s): 2, 5 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 36 [details]   

additional source Bianchi, C.N., Cocito S., Ferdeghini F., Peirano A., Sgorbini S., Aliani S., De Biasi A.M., Boyer M., Pestarino M., Balduzzi A., Pansini M. Morri C. , 1999. Biodiversità dell'epifauna sessile in un'isola del Mar Egeo: Milos, Cicladi. Biol. Mar. Medit. 6 1: 179-183.
page(s): 181 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 127 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lattig P, Cairns SD. (2000). A new species of Tethocyathus (Scleractinia: Caryophylliidae). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 113 (3): 590-595.
page(s): 593-594 [details]   

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Stolarski, J., Pichon, M., Mitta, G., Galli, P. 2007. Debating phylogenetic relationships of the scleractinian Psammocora: molecular and morphological evidences. Contributions to Zoology 76: 35-54., available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=7601a04
page(s): 39 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Döderlein L. (1913). Die Steinkorallen aus dem Golf von Neapel. <em>Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel.</em> 21: 105-152, pls. 7-9. [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Kružić P. (2002). Marine fauna of the Mljet National Park (Adriatic Sea, Croatia). 1. Anthozoa. <em>Natura Croatica.</em> 11: 265-292. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 21, 41, 116 [details]   

additional source Locke, J. M.; Weil, E.; Coates, K. A. (2007). A newly documented species of Madracis (Scleractinia: Pocilloporidae) from the Caribbean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington , 120(2): 214-226
page(s): 216, 223 [details]   

additional source Santodomingo, N.; Reyes, J.; Flórez, P.; Chacón-Gómez, I.C.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Hoeksema, B.W. (2012). Diversity and distribution of azooxanthellate corals in the Colombian Caribbean. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 43(1): 7-22., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-012-0131-6 [details]   

additional source Rossi L. (1957). Revisione critica dei Madreporarii del Mar Ligure. <em>Doriana.</em> 2 (76): 1-19, pls. 1-4.
page(s): 2, 4, 13 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 12-13 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1962). Die Anthozoenfauna der Adria / Fauna antozoa Jadrana. Fauna et Flora Adriatica, 3, 1-343
page(s): 225-226 [details]   

additional source Zlatarski, V. N.; Estalella, N. M. (1980). Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Bulgarian Academy of Science. Sophia., pp. 312.
page(s): 39, 250, 304 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S. D. (1982). Stony corals (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa, Scleractinia) of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington., chapter 17, pp. 271-302
page(s): 272, 276-277, Figure 121a [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 223 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 160, 164, 179, 194, 248 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Grieshaber, A. (1977). Scléractinaires de l'Adriatique. Tethys, 7, 4, 375-384
page(s): 376, 383 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Saldanha, L. (1976). Sclératiniaires récoltés en plongée au Portugal et dans les archipels de Madère et des Açores. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciencias Naturais, 16, 91-114
page(s): 94, 95, 103, 106 [details]   

additional source Rossi, L. (1956). Osservazioni ecologiche su alcuni Antozoi del golfo di Genova. Bollettino di Zoologia, 23(2): 237-246
page(s): 239, 241, 242, 244, 246 [details]   

additional source Bitar, G.; Zibrowius, H. (1997). Scleractinian corals from Lebanon, Eastern Mediterranean, including a non-lessepsian invading species (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Scientia Marina, 61(2): 227-231
page(s): 227 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 61, 64-65, 112 [details]   

additional source Joubin L. (1928). Madracis pharensis (Heller) 1868. <em>In: (1927-1930) Faune et flore de la Méditerranée. Hexcorallia.</em> 1 sheet: 2 pages. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD, Zibrowius H. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Zibrowius H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco.</em> 11: 1-284, pls. 1-117. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD. (1991). A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 504: 1-32, pls. 1-12. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 5324, 10920, 10921, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AHF 2.1 [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9005, geounit Greek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84775, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 93920, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96673, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96674, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96675, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96676, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMUC, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) IRCZM, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) UMML, geounit Honduran Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) UMML, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 10376, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 16140, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 47621, geounit Belizean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 81358, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 81359, geounit Belizean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 84239, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 85445, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 94744, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 94758, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99054, geounit Cayman Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99091, geounit Dominican Republic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99092, geounit Honduran Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99093, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99094, geounit British Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99095, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99096, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99097, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99098, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99099, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99100, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madracis pharensis f. pharensis (Heller, 1868)) USNM 99101, geounit Belizean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate or azooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Depth range 6-333 m [details]

Habitat shelf to slope [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English star coralencrusting star coral [from synonym]crusty pencil coralcave star coral [from synonym]  [details]
German Krustenkoralle  [details]
Russian шестилучевые кораллы  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ USNM 1148148 top view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ USNM 81356 top view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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