WoRMS taxon details

Plexaura Lamouroux, 1812

267752  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:267752)

accepted
Genus
Gorgonia homomalla Esper, 1794 accepted as Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794) (type by subsequent designation)
Plexauropsis Verrill, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Species Plexaura arbuscula Duchassaing, 1850
  2. Species Plexaura corticosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
  3. Species Plexaura desiderata Marion, 1906
  4. Species Plexaura dubia Kölliker, 1865
  5. Species Plexaura edwardsi Moser, 1921
  6. Species Plexaura ehrenbergi Kölliker, 1865
  7. Species Plexaura esperi Verrill, 1907
  8. Species Plexaura flexuosula Kükenthal, 1924
  9. Species Plexaura hartmeyeri Moser, 1921
  10. Species Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794)
  11. Species Plexaura kuekenthali Moser, 1921
  12. Species Plexaura kuna Lasker, Kim & Coffroth, 1996
  13. Species Plexaura michelini Stiasny, 1937
  14. Species Plexaura miniacea Ehrenberg, 1834
  15. Species Plexaura nina Bayer & Deichmann, 1958
  16. Species Plexaura porosa (Esper, 1794)
  17. Species Plexaura turgida Ehrenberg, 1834
  18. Species Plexaura valenciennesi Wright & Studer, 1889
  19. Species Plexaura aggregata Nutting, 1910 accepted as Rumphella aggregata (Nutting, 1910) (original combination)
  20. Species Plexaura antipathes (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Rumphella antipathes (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  21. Species Plexaura arbuscula Philippi, 1866 accepted as Leptogorgia arbuscula (Philippi, 1866) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  22. Species Plexaura arbusculum Duchassaing, 1850 accepted as Plexaura arbuscula Duchassaing, 1850 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
  23. Species Plexaura atra (Verrill, 1901) accepted as Eunicea tourneforti f. atra Verrill, 1901 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  24. Species Plexaura attenuata Nutting, 1910 accepted as Euplexaura attenuata (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  25. Species Plexaura aurantiaca Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Echinogorgia aurantiaca (Valenciennes, 1855) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  26. Species Plexaura boryana Valenciennes, 1855 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  27. Species Plexaura brevis Duchassaing, 1850 accepted as Plexaurella grisea Kunze, 1916 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Plexaura capoblancoi Stiasny, 1936 accepted as Muriceopsis tuberculata (Esper, 1792) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  29. Species Plexaura cauliculus Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Leptogorgia cauliculus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  30. Species Plexaura citrina (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Muriceopsis sulphurea (Donovan, 1825) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  31. Species Plexaura crassa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Pseudoplexaura flagellosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  32. Species Plexaura crassa Verrill, 1864 accepted as Plexaura crassa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Pseudoplexaura flagellosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, incorrect authority)
  33. Species Plexaura dichotoma (Esper, 1791) accepted as Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1788) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Plexaura eburnea Valenciennes, 1855 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  35. Species Plexaura flabellum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Echinogorgia flabellum (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  36. Species Plexaura flava Nutting, 1910 accepted as Pinnigorgia flava (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  37. Species Plexaura flavida (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Muriceopsis flavida (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  38. Species Plexaura flexosa Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Plexaura flexuosa Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Eunicea flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  39. Species Plexaura flexuosa Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Eunicea flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821) (original combination)
  40. Species Plexaura friabilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1957 accepted as Plexaurella friabilis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) accepted as Plexaurella nutans (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  41. Species Plexaura fucosa (Valenciennes, 1846) accepted as Psammogorgia fucosa (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  42. Species Plexaura fusca (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) accepted as Eunicea fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  43. Species Plexaura grandis (Verrill, 1900) accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  44. Species Plexaura heteropora (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Plexaurella grisea Kunze, 1916 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  45. Species Plexaura indica Ridley, 1887 accepted as Menella indiensis Ramvilas, Alderslade & Ranjeet, 2023 (unaccepted > junior homonym, of Menella indica Gray, 1870)
  46. Species Plexaura laevigata Moser, 1921 accepted as Pseudoplexaura flagellosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, uncertain synonym)
  47. Species Plexaura laxa (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Pterogorgia laxa (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  48. Species Plexaura macrocythara Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  49. Species Plexaura michelini Stiasny, 1941 accepted as Plexaura michelini Stiasny, 1937 (incorrect authority date)
  50. Species Plexaura multicauda (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  51. Species Plexaura mutica Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  52. Species Plexaura nodulifera (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Gorgonia nodulifera Lamarck, 1815 (changed combination)
  53. Species Plexaura olivacea Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Gorgonia olivacea (Lamouroux, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  54. Species Plexaura petechizans (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Leptogorgia petechizans (Pallas, 1766) (changed combination)
  55. Species Plexaura pinnata Nutting, 1910 accepted as Euplexaura nuttingi Kükenthal, 1919 (unaccepted > junior homonym, of Euplexaura pinnata Wright & Studer, 1889)
  56. Species Plexaura platyclados Philippi, 1866 accepted as Phycogorgia fucata (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  57. Species Plexaura platystoma Nutting, 1910 accepted as Pinnigorgia platystoma (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  58. Species Plexaura praelonga Ridley, 1884 accepted as Menella praelonga (Ridley, 1884) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  59. Species Plexaura racemosa Valenciennes, 1855 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  60. Species Plexaura racemosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Eunicella racemosa (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  61. Species Plexaura ramosa Moser, 1921 accepted as Pseudoplexaura porosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, uncertain synonym)
  62. Species Plexaura recta Nutting, 1910 accepted as Euplexaura recta (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  63. Species Plexaura reticulata Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Leptogorgia peruana Verrill, 1868 accepted as Leptogorgia peruviana (Verrill, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  64. Species Plexaura rhipsalis Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Plexaura ramulosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (synonym)
  65. Species Plexaura rosea Philippi, 1866 accepted as Leptogorgia chilensis Verrill, 1868 (junior secondary homonym of Leptogorgia rosea E & H)
  66. Species Plexaura salicornoides Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Eunicea flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821) (synonym)
  67. Species Plexaura sanguinea (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Leptogorgia sanguinea (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  68. Species Plexaura suberosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Titanideum frauenfeldii (Kölliker, 1865) (synonym)
  69. Species Plexaura suffruticosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Rumphella suffruticosa (Dana, 1846) (changed combination)
  70. Species Plexaura teres (Kunze, 1916) accepted as Plexaurella teres Kunze, 1916 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  71. Species Plexaura torta Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Rumphella torta (Klunzinger, 1877) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  72. Species Plexaura vermiculata (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Plexaurella vermiculata (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  73. Species Plexaura virgea Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Leptogorgia virgea (Valenciennes, 1855) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  74. Species Plexaura virgulata (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Leptogorgia virgulata (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  75. Species Plexaura volvata Kunze, 1917 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  76. Species Plexaura wagenaari Stiasny, 1941 accepted as Pseudoplexaura wagenaari (Stiasny, 1941) (original combination)
  77. Species Plexaura webbiana Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Leptogorgia webbiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  78. Species Plexaura anguiculus (Dana, 1846) (uncertain)
  79. Species Plexaura furcata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (uncertain)
  80. Species Plexaura orthogonia (W. Koch, 1886) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  81. Species Plexaura principalis Bell, 1889 (uncertain)
  82. Species Plexaura ramulosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  83. Species Plexaura sanctithomae Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain)
  84. Species Plexaura spicifera (Dana, 1846) (uncertain)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
feminine
Lamouroux, J. V. F. (1812). Extrait d'un mémoire sur la classification des Polypiers coralligènes non entièrement pierreux. Nouveau Bulletin scientifique de la Société Philosophique, 3: 181-188, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31775884
page(s): 187 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Plexaura Lamouroux, 1812. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=267752 on 2024-05-21
Date
action
by
2008-01-14 11:18:07Z
created
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z
changed
2019-06-14 18:04:29Z
changed
2020-07-19 11:37:53Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamouroux, J. V. F. (1812). Extrait d'un mémoire sur la classification des Polypiers coralligènes non entièrement pierreux. Nouveau Bulletin scientifique de la Société Philosophique, 3: 181-188, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31775884
page(s): 187 [details]   

original description  (of Plexauropsis Verrill, 1907) Verrill, A. E. (1907). The Bermuda Islands - V. Characteristic life of the Bermuda coral reefs. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 12: 204-348, plates XXVIII-XL., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27741481
page(s): 309 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 111-112 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Moser, J. (1921). Ergebnisse einer Revision der Gattung <em>Plexaura</em> Lamouroux. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 53: 110-118., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29985274 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1991). Thelogorgia, a new genus of gorgonacean octocorals, with descriptions of four new species from the western Atlantic. <em>Bulletin of marine science.</em> 49(1-2), 506-537.
page(s): 507 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1955). Contributions to the nomenclature, systematics, and morphology of the Octocorallia. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 105: 207-220, plates 1-8., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15705299
page(s): 212 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 248 [details]   

additional source Lasker, H. R. (1983). Vegetative reproduction in the octocoral Briareum asbestinum (Pallas). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 72, 157-169
page(s): 158 [details]   

additional source Coma, R.; Zabala, M.; Gili, J. (1995). Sexual reproductive effort in the Mediterranean gorgonian Paramuricea clavata. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 117, 185-192
page(s): 189 [details]   

additional source Orejas, C.; Gili, J.; López-González, P. J.; Hasemann, C.; Arntz, W. E. (2007). Reproduction patterns of four Antarctic octocorals in the Weddell Sea: an inter-specific, shape, and latitudinal comparison. Marine Biology, 150, 551-563
page(s): 560, 561 [details]   

additional source Wirshing, H. H.; Messing, C. G.; Douady, C. J.; Reed, J. K.; Stanhope, M. J. (2005). Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology, 147, 497-508
page(s): 502, 504, 507 [details]   

additional source Coma, R.; Ribes, M.; Zabala, M.; Gili, J. (1995). Reproduction and cycle of gonadal development in the Mediterranean gorgonian Paramuricea clavata. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 117, 173-183
page(s): 179, 180, 181 [details]   
 
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