WoRMS taxon details

Eunicea Lamouroux, 1816

291322  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:291322)

accepted
Genus
Eunicea (Eunicea) Bayer, 1961 · alternate representation
Eunicea (Euniceopsis) Verrill, 1907 · alternate representation
Euniceopsis Verrill, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Species Eunicea aspera Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea asperula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Species Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
Species Eunicea castelnaudi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Species Eunicea clavigera Bayer, 1961
Species Eunicea distans Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821)
Species Eunicea fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea hicksoni Stiasny, 1935
Species Eunicea hirta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea knighti Bayer, 1961
Species Eunicea laciniata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea laxispica (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816
Species Eunicea pallida Garcia Parrado & Alcolado, 1996
Species Eunicea palmeri Bayer, 1961
Species Eunicea pinta Bayer & Deichmann, 1958
Species Eunicea stromyeri Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Eunicea succinea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Eunicea tayrona Sánchez, 2009
Species Eunicea tourneforti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857

Species Eunicea anceps Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1788) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea antipathes (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Rumphella antipathes (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Eunicea atra Verrill, 1901 accepted as Eunicea tourneforti f. atra Verrill, 1901 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea citrina Valenciennes, 1855 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Eunicea clavaria Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea colombiana Sánchez & Wirshing, 2005 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Eunicea coronata Bayer, 1961 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea echinata Valenciennes, 1855 accepted as Muricea echinata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Eunicea ehrenbergi Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea esperi Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea filiformis Studer, 1878 accepted as Eunicella filiformis (Studer, 1878) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Eunicea furcata Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Plexaura furcata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Eunicea gracilis Valenciennes, 1855 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Eunicea grandis Verrill, 1900 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea heteropora (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Plexaurella grisea Kunze, 1916 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea humilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Muriceopsis sulphurea (Donovan, 1825) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea hummelincki Stiasny, 1941 accepted as Eunicea succinea (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea humosa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea inexpectata Stiasny, 1939 accepted as Muriceopsis tuberculata (Esper, 1792) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea lugubris Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea laciniata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea madrepora (Dana, 1846) accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea megastoma Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea microthela Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Eunicella microthela (Lamouroux, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Eunicea multicauda (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea muricata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Muricea muricata (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Eunicea nutans Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Plexaurella nutans (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Eunicea papillosa (Esper, 1797) accepted as Eunicella microthela (Lamouroux, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea plantaginea (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Eunicea succinea f. plantaginea (Lamarck, 1815) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea ramulosa Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Plexaura ramulosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Eunicea rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Eunicea tourneforti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea sayoti Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Eunicea tourneforti f. atra Verrill, 1901 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, uncertain synonym)
Species Eunicea sparsiflora Kunze, 1916 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Eunicea tabogensis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Muricea plantaginea (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)

Subgenus Eunicea (Eunicea) Bayer, 1961 represented as Eunicea Lamouroux, 1816
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821) represented as Eunicea flexuosa (Lamouroux, 1821) (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) laxispica (Lamarck, 1815) represented as Eunicea laxispica (Lamarck, 1815) (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 represented as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) pallida Garcia Parrado & Alcolado, 1996 represented as Eunicea pallida Garcia Parrado & Alcolado, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) palmeri Bayer, 1961 represented as Eunicea palmeri Bayer, 1961 (original combination)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) pinta Bayer & Deichmann, 1958 represented as Eunicea pinta Bayer & Deichmann, 1958 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Eunicea) succinea (Pallas, 1766) represented as Eunicea succinea (Pallas, 1766) (subgenus assignment)
Subgenus Eunicea (Euniceopsis) Verrill, 1907 represented as Eunicea Lamouroux, 1816
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) pallida García-Parrado & Alcolado, 1996 accepted as Eunicea pallida Garcia Parrado & Alcolado, 1996 (unaccepted > superseded combination, transferred to subgenus Eunicea (Eunicea))
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) asperula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 represented as Eunicea asperula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) represented as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) clavigera Bayer, 1961 represented as Eunicea clavigera Bayer, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 represented as Eunicea fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) knighti Bayer, 1961 represented as Eunicea knighti Bayer, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) laciniata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 represented as Eunicea laciniata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (subgenus assignment)
  » Species Eunicea (Euniceopsis) tourneforti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 represented as Eunicea tourneforti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (subgenus assignment)

Species Eunicea apiculata Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea crassa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea intermedia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1957 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea limiformis Lamouroux, 1816 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea mollis (Pallas, 1766) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Eunicea nivea Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea palmata Studer, 1889 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea pseudoantipathes (Lamarck, 1815) (uncertain)
Species Eunicea quincuncialis Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea ransoni Stiasny, 1937 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea scirpea (Pallas, 1766) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Eunicea suberosa (Esper) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Eunicea tamarix Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain)
Species Eunicea turgida Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lamouroux, J. V. F. (1816). Histoire des polypiers coralligènes flexibles, vulgairement nommés zoophytes. <em>F. Poisson, Caen.</em> i-lxxxiv, 1-558, pls. I-XIX., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11606092 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2023). World List of Octocorallia. Eunicea Lamouroux, 1816. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=291322 on 2023-05-29
Date
action
by
2008-01-16 11:50:05Z
created
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2021-04-28 17:53:56Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamouroux, J. V. F. (1816). Histoire des polypiers coralligènes flexibles, vulgairement nommés zoophytes. <em>F. Poisson, Caen.</em> i-lxxxiv, 1-558, pls. I-XIX., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11606092 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Euniceopsis Verrill, 1907) Verrill, A. E. (1907). The Bermuda Islands - V. Characteristic life of the Bermuda coral reefs. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 12: 204-348, plates XXVIII-XL., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27741481
page(s): 311-312 [details]   

original description  (of Eunicea (Eunicea) Bayer, 1961) Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065
page(s): 125 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

additional source Grajales V.A., Aguilar C., Sánchez J. (2007). Phylogenetic reconstruction using secondary structures of Internal Transcribed Spacer 2 (ITS2, rDNA): finding the molecular and morphological gap in Caribbean gorgonian corals. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 90.</em>
page(s): 3, 4, 5, 8 [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 118-119 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065
page(s): 5, 124, 160-161, 325 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1991). Thelogorgia, a new genus of gorgonacean octocorals, with descriptions of four new species from the western Atlantic. <em>Bulletin of marine science.</em> 49(1-2), 506-537.
page(s): 507 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1955). Contributions to the nomenclature, systematics, and morphology of the Octocorallia. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 105: 207-220, plates 1-8., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15705299
page(s): 212; note: designation of Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 as genolectotype of the genus [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 248 [details]   

additional source Lasker, H. R.; Coffroth, M. (1983). Octocoral distributions at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 13, 21-28
page(s): 23-25 [details]   

additional source Wirshing, H. H.; Messing, C. G.; Douady, C. J.; Reed, J. K.; Stanhope, M. J. (2005). Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology, 147, 497-508
page(s): 499, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507 [details]   

additional source Sánchez, J. A.; Wirshing, H. H. (2005). A field key to the identification of tropical western Atlantic zooxanthellate octocorals (Octocorallia: Cnidaria). Caribbean Journal of Science, 41(3): 508-522
page(s): 515-519 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality