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WoRMS taxon details

Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758

127187  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127187)

accepted
Species
Fario argenteus Valenciennes, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salar ausonii Valenciennes, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salar bailloni Valenciennes, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salar gaimardi Valenciennes, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salar spectabilis Valenciennes, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo albus Walbaum, 1792 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo albus Bonnaterre, 1788 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo brachypoma Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo caecifer Parnell, 1838 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo cambricus Donovan, 1806 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo cornubiensis Walbaum, 1792 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo cumberland Lacepède, 1803 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo estuarius Knox, 1855 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo fario Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo fario loensis Walbaum, 1792 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo fario major Walecki, 1863 · unaccepted (ambiguous synonym)
Salmo faris · unaccepted
Salmo gadoides Lacepède, 1803 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo gallivensis Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo illanca Wartmann, 1783 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo islayensis Thomson, 1873 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo lacustris Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo lacustris rhenana Fatio, 1890 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo lemanus Cuvier, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo levenensis Yarrell, 1839 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo mistops Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo montana Walker, 1812 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo orcadensis Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo orientalis McClelland, 1842 · unaccepted (ambiguous synonym)
Salmo oxianus Kessler, 1874 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo phinoc Shaw, 1804 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo polyosteus Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo rappii Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo saxatilis Schrank, 1798 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo spurius Pallas, 1814 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo stroemii Gmelin, 1789 · unaccepted (ambiguous synonym)
Salmo sylvaticus Gmelin, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo taurinus Walker, 1812 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo trutta aralensis Berg, 1908 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo trutta oxianus Kessler, 1874 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Salmo truttula Nilsson, 1832 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmo venernensis Günther, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Trutta marina Moreau, 1881 · unaccepted (synonym)
Trutta salmanata Strøm, 1784 · unaccepted (ambiguous synonym)
Trutta variabilis Lunel, 1874 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Subspecies Salmo trutta abanticus Tortonese, 1954 accepted as Salmo abanticus Tortonese, 1954
  2. Subspecies Salmo trutta aralensis Berg, 1908 accepted as Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  3. Subspecies Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877 accepted as Salmo caspius Kessler, 1877
  4. Subspecies Salmo trutta ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva, 1967 accepted as Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva, 1967
  5. Subspecies Salmo trutta dentex (Heckel, 1851) accepted as Salmo dentex (Heckel, 1851) (senior synonym)
  6. Subspecies Salmo trutta ezenami Berg, 1948 accepted as Salmo ezenami Berg, 1948 (senior synonym)
  7. Subspecies Salmo trutta fario Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758
  8. Subspecies Salmo trutta labrax Pallas, 1814 accepted as Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814
  9. Subspecies Salmo trutta lacustris Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758
  10. Subspecies Salmo trutta laevis Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  11. Subspecies Salmo trutta macrostigma (Duméril, 1858) accepted as Salmo macrostigma (Duméril, 1858)
  12. Subspecies Salmo trutta marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 (senior synonym)
  13. Subspecies Salmo trutta oxianus Kessler, 1874 accepted as Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 (junior synonym)
  14. Subspecies Salmo trutta pallaryi Pellegrin, 1924 accepted as Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin, 1924 (senior synonym)
  15. Subspecies Salmo trutta pellegrini Werner, 1931 accepted as Salmo pellegrini Werner, 1931 (synonym)
  16. Subspecies Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758
  17. Subspecies Salmo trutta trutta Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  18. Subspecies Salmo trutta zrmanjaensis Karaman, 1938 accepted as Salmo zrmanjaensis Karaman, 1938 (senior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 308 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 308 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Distribution Newfoundland to New Brunswick  
Distribution Newfoundland to New Brunswick [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127187 on 2024-07-15
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed
2013-01-08 14:50:09Z
changed
2013-05-30 06:55:16Z
changed
2017-07-14 06:50:47Z
changed
2017-07-20 07:00:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 308 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 308 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Salmo trutta fario Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Salmo albus Bonnaterre, 1788) Bonnaterre, J. P. (1788). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie. <em>Panckoucke, Paris.</em> i-lvi + 1-215, Pls. A-B. 1-100., available online at https://books.google.com/books?id=Z67NZ0_oObYC&pg=PR1
page(s): 161 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Salmo albus Walbaum, 1792) Walbaum, J. J. (1792). Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. <em>Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald].</em> Part 3: [i-viii] + 1-723, Pls. 1-3.
page(s): 76 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo cambricus Donovan, 1806) Donovan, E. (1802-08). The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates. <em>London.</em> 1-516 unnumbered, Pls. 1-120. [v. 1, 1802:1-70, Pls. 1-24; v. 2, 1803:71-164, Pls. 25-48; v. 3, 1804:165-300, Pls. 49-72; v. 4, 1806:301-406, Pls. 73-96, v. 5, 1808: 407-516, Pls. 97-120.].
page(s): 3 unnum. pp., Pl. 91 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo cornubiensis Walbaum, 1792) Walbaum, J. J. (1792). Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. <em>Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald].</em> Part 3: [i-viii] + 1-723, Pls. 1-3.
page(s): 65 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo cumberland Lacepède, 1803) Lacepède, B.G.E. (1803). Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome Cinquieme. 5(1-21): i-lxviii + 1-803 + index., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6335629
page(s): 695, 696 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo gadoides Lacepède, 1803) Lacepède, B.G.E. (1803). Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome Cinquieme. 5(1-21): i-lxviii + 1-803 + index., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6335629
page(s): 157, 224 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo levenensis Yarrell, 1839) Yarrell, W. (1836-1839). Supplement to the history of British fishes. Pls. 1-2. <em>John van Voorst, London.</em> i-vi + 1-48. [Pt. 1 (supplememt to v. 1), 1836:i-iv + 1-48; pt. 2 (supplement to v. 2), 1839:1-72.].
page(s): 9, Fig. (pt. 2) [details]   

original description  (of Salmo eriox Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Salmo phinoc Shaw, 1804) Shaw, G. (1804). General zoology or systematic natural history . [see Shaw 1803, ref. 4014]. v. 5 (pt 1): i-v + 1-250, Pls. 93-132, and (pt 2): i-vi + 251-463, Pls. 132-182.
page(s): 54 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo saxatilis Schrank, 1798) Schrank, F. von P. (1798). Fauna Boica, durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. Erster Band. <em>Stein'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg.</em> v. 1: i-xii + 1-720., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31376383
page(s): 320 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo spurius Pallas, 1814) Pallas, P. S. (1814). Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum.3 vols.[1811-1814]. <em>Academia Scientiarum, Petropolis [Sankt Petersburg].</em> v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21.
page(s): 343 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo sylvaticus Gmelin, 1789) Gmelin, J. F. (1789). Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae,.</em> 1788-93. v. 1 (pt 3): 1033-1516 [Fishes on pp. 1126-1516].
page(s): 1367 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo fario Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Trutta salmanata Strøm, 1784) Strøm, H. (1784). Physisk-oeconomisk beskrivelse over Eger-praestgiaeld i Aggerhuus-stift i Norge; tilligemed et geographisk Kort over samme. Gyldendals. <em>Copenhagen.</em> 228 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 123 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo stroemii Gmelin, 1789) Gmelin, J. F. (1789). Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae,.</em> 1788-93. v. 1 (pt 3): 1033-1516 [Fishes on pp. 1126-1516].
page(s): 1374 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo lemanus Cuvier, 1829) Cuvier, G. (1829). Le Règne Animal distribué, d'apres son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. <em>Déterville, Paris.</em> Edition 2. v. 2: i-xv + 1-406., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31771348
page(s): 303 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo illanca Wartmann, 1783) Wartmann, B. (1783). Von dem Rheinanken oder Illanken, Salmo illanka. <em>Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde.</em> v. 4: 55-68.
page(s): 55 [details]   

context source (Schelde) Breine, J.; Stevens, M.; Simoens, I.; Van den Bergh, E. (2008). A reference list of fish species for a heavily modified estuary and its tributaries: the River Schelde. <em>Rapport van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, R.2008.4. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek: Groenendaal.</em> 26 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. <em>Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.</em> No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2023). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2023)., available online at https://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 308 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Looby, A.; Erbe, C.; Bravo, S.; Cox, K.; Davies, H. L.; Di Iorio, L.; Jézéquel, Y.; Juanes, F.; Martin, C. W.; Mooney, T. A.; Radford, C.; Reynolds, L. K.; Rice, A. N.; Riera, A.; Rountree, R.; Spriel, B.; Stanley, J.; Vela, S.; Parsons, M. J. G. (2023). Global inventory of species categorized by known underwater sonifery. <em>Scientific Data.</em> 10(1). (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-023-02745-4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal Argentinean part of the South Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) Aquaculture: Accidental [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal Uruguayan part of the South Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) Aquaculture: Accidental [details]

From other sources
Diet Feeds on insects, molluscs, crustaceans and small fish [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to New Brunswick [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat Inhabit cold, well oxygenated streams, except from June to August when they migrate to sea. [details]

Importance Scientific- Commercial, aquaculture, gamefish [details]

Introduction This species has been introduced or released in Dutch waters. [details]

Predators Lamprey, seals, bony fishes like pike and some cannibalism may occur  [details]

Reproduction Spawns in freshwater in late fall/ early winter; females lay approximately 10,000 eggs [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Albanian trofta e murme  [details]
Breton gleis i add  [details]
Danish ørred (bækørred, havørred & søørred)havørred  [details]
Dutch zeeforelschotzalmschotjemeerforel [from synonym]forelbeekforel [from synonym]Atlantische forel  [details]
English troutsea troutsalmon troutriver troutlake troutbrown/sea troutbrown trout  [details]
Faroese síl  [details]
Finnish meritaimen  [details]
French truite de rivièretruite de mertruite brunetraite de lac [from synonym]  [details]
German SeeforelleMeerforelleForelleBachforelle  [details]
Icelandic urriði  [details]
Irish breac geal  [details]
Italian trotta fario [from synonym]salmo trota  [details]
Japanese ブラウントラウト  [details]
Lithuanian šlakis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Καστανή πέστροφα  [details]
Norwegian sjøørretsjøaure  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål ørret  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk aure  [details]
Polish troćtrocpstrąg potokowy  [details]
Portuguese truta marisca  [details]
Russian taimen'kumzha  [details]
Slovenian potočna postrv  [details]
Spanish trucha marinatrucha comúntrucha comun [from synonym]  [details]
Swedish öringlaxöring  [details]
Turkish alabalık  [details]
Ukrainian Форель струмковаПструг струмковий  [details]
Welsh siwinsewinbrithyll  [details]
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