WoRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)

1245747  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1245747)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2019-08-23
Date
action
by
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
created
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis var. striata Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia gracilis var. latistella Seguenza, 1864) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Dendrosmilia nomlandi Durham & Barnard, 1952) Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

original description  (of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Lophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lophelia californica Durham, 1947) Durham, J.W. 1947. Corals from the Gulf of California and the north Pacific Coast of America. Memoirs of the Geological Society of America 20: 1-68. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pertusa Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Madrepora prolifera Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lophohelia affinis Pourtalès, 1868) Pourtalès, L.F. de. (1868). Contributions to the fauna of the Gulf Stream at great depths (2d series). <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, in Cambridge.</em> 1(7): 121-142. [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia prolifera var. gracilis Duncan, 1873) Duncan, P.M. (1873). A description of the Madreporaria dredged up during the Expeditions of H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. <em>Transactions of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 8: 303-344, pls. 39-49. [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia tubulosa Studer, 1878) Studer, T. (1878). Übersicht der Steinkorallen aus der Familie der Madreporaria aporosa, Eupsammina und Turbinaria, welche auf der Reise S.M.S. Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1877: 625-655 pls 1-4. [details]   

new combination reference Addamo, A. M.; Vertino, A.; Stolarski, J.; García-Jiménez, R.; Taviani, M.; Machordom, A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology.</em> 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English white stony coral [from synonym]spider hazards [from synonym]eye coral [from synonym]  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé [from synonym]  [details]
German Augenkoralle [from synonym]  [details]
Living coral thickets on Galway Mound, Porcupine Seabight
 Living coral thicke...
[image from synonym]

A detail of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata
 A detail of Lopheli...
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (1) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Lophelia pertusa (2) 47525)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 004774.CN)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]