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Xenia umbellata Lamarck, 1816

210023  (

marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at
page(s): 410 [details]   
Cordeiro, R.; McFadden, C.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2021). World List of Octocorallia. Xenia umbellata Lamarck, 1816. Accessed through: Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2021) African Register of Marine Species at: on 2022-01-17
Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2022). African Register of Marine Species. Xenia umbellata Lamarck, 1816. Accessed at: on 2022-01-17
1997-10-30 10:47:35Z
1998-05-20 06:57:39Z
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z

original description Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at
page(s): 410 [details]   

basis of record Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 1-73, plates 1-15. [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1904). Uber einige Korallentiere des Roten Meeres. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 11(1): 31-58, plates 4-5., available online at
page(s): 34 [details]   

additional source Bourne, G.C. (1895). On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia. <em>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B.</em> 186: 455-483, plates 10-13., available online at
page(s): 475 [details]   

additional source van Ofwegen, L.P.; Cairns, S.D. ; van der Land, J. (eds). (2000-2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Henderson, W.D. (1905). Report on the Alcyonaria collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In:. <em>Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar.</em> Part 3, supplementary report 20:269-328., available online at
page(s): 273 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1997). Xeniidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the Red Sea, with descriptions of six new species of Xenia. <em>Fauna of Saudi Arabia.</em> 16: 5-62.
page(s): 45-48 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Henderson, W.D. (1906). The marine fauna of Zanzibar and British East Africa, from collections made by Cyril Crossland, M.A., B.Sc., F.Z.S., in the years 1901 and 1902 -- Alcyonaria. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1906, 393-442, plates 26-31., available online at
page(s): 410-411 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1995). Xeniidae des Roten Meeres (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Beitrage zur Systematik und Okologie.</em> 6: 1-193.
page(s): 44-46 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1966). Octocoralliaires de Madagascar et des iles avoisinantes. <em>Faune de Madagascar.</em> 21: 1-456., available online at
page(s): 366-367 [details]   

additional source May, W. (1899). Beitrage zur Systematik und Chorologie der Alcyonaceen. <em>Jenaische Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft.</em> 33: 1-180.
page(s): 82-84 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1965). Report on the Octocorallia (Stolonifera and Alcyonacea) of the Israel south Red Sea expedition 1962, with notes on other collections from the Red Sea. <em>Sea Fish Research Station Haifa, Bulletin.</em> 40: 28-48, plate 1.
page(s): 46-47 [details]   

additional source Roxas, H.A. (1933). Philippine Alcyonaria. The families Cornulariidae and Xeniidae. <em>The Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 50: 49-110.
page(s): 88-89 [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1902). Versuch einer Revision der Alcyonarien. I. Die Familie der Xeniiden. <em>Zoologische Jahrbucher Jena.</em> 15: 635-662.
page(s): 650-651 [details]   

additional source Schenk, A. (1896). Clavulariiden, Xeniiden und Alcyoniiden von Ternate. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 23(1): 41-80, plates 2-4., available online at
page(s): 57 [details]   

additional source Gravier, C. (1908). Recherches sur quelques Alcyonaires du Golfe de Tadjourah. <em>Archives de Zoologie Experimentale et Generale, Series IV.</em> 8: 179-226, plates 5-11., available online at
page(s): 206-207 [details]   

additional source Gohar, H.A.F. (1940). Studies on the Xeniidae of the Red Sea: their ecology, physiology, taxonomy and phylogeny. <em>Publications of the Marine Biological Station, Ghardaqa (Red Sea).</em> 2: 25-118, plates 1-7.
page(s): 93-95 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S.J. (1931). The alcyonarian family Xeniidae, with a revision of the genera and species. <em>Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929, Scientific Reports.</em> 4(5): 137-185., available online at
page(s): 156-157 [details]   

additional source Ashworth, J.H. (1900). Report on the Xeniidae collected by Dr. Willey. <em>Zoological results based on material from New Britain, New Guinea, Loyalty Islands and elsewhere, collected during the years 1895, 1896, and 1897.</em> 4: 509-530, plates 52-53., available online at
page(s): 513-516 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; McQueen, J.M. (1908). Reports on the marine biology of the Sudanese Red Sea. VIII. The Alcyonarians. <em>Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology.</em> 31(204): 48-75, plates 5-8., available online at
page(s): 50-51 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Mackinnon, D.L. (1910). Alcyonarians collected on the Percy Sladen Trust expedition by Mr. J. Stanley. Part II. The Stolonifera, Alcyonacea, Pseudaxonia, and Stelechotokea. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology, ser. 2.</em> 13(2): 165-211, plates 6-14., available online at
page(s): 172 [details]   

additional source Broch, H. (1939). Some South African shallow water octactinians. <em>Kungl. Fysiografiska Sallkapets. i Lund Forhandlingar.</em> 9(6): 48-79.
page(s): 49-51 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Dean, L.M.I. (1931). The Alcyonacea of the Siboga expedition with an addendum to the Gorgonacea. <em>Siboga Expeditie.</em> XIIId: 1-227, plates 1-28.
page(s): 26-27 [details]   

redescription Halász, A.; McFadden, C.S.; Toonen, R.; Benayahu, Y. (2019). Re-description of type material of Xenia Lamarck, 1816 (Octocorallia: Xeniidae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4652(2): 201-239.
page(s): 227-231 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality