WoRMS source details

Opresko, D.M. (2006). Revision of the Antipatharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Part V. Establishment of a new family, Stylopathidae. Zoologische mededeelingen, Leiden. 80-4 (11), 10.xi.2006: 109-138, figs 1-14.
Opresko, D.M.
Revision of the Antipatharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Part V. Establishment of a new family, Stylopathidae.
Zoologische mededeelingen, Leiden
80-4 (11), 10.xi.2006: 109-138, figs 1-14
A new family of antipatharian corals, Stylopathidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia), is established for Arachnopathes columnaris Duchassaing, 1870, and related species. The family is characterized by small polyps, 1.5 mm or less in transverse diameter; small, conical, smooth spines, often distally directed (especially at the tips of the branchlets and/or pinnules); and by the tendency for the pinnules and branchlets to occur in subopposite pairs or to be arranged in verticils of three or four (rarely five)pinnules. In many species adjacent pinnules or branchlets fuse together or anastomose, resulting in the formation of cylindrical, reticulated worm runs along the stem or branches. Genera are established on the basis of morphological features of the corallum. Stylopathes gen. nov., includes the type species, Arachnopathes columnaris Duchassaing, and is characterized by a monopodial or very sparsely branched corallum. Triadopathes gen nov. contains only the type species Parantipathes triadocrada Opresko, and has multiple, vertically directed, stem-like primary branches, arising primarily from the lower parts of the corallum. Tylopathes Brook contains the type species T. crispa Brook, and is characterized by a flabellate corallum with short, mostly bilateral branchlets.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2020-05-19 14:07:09Z
2022-07-05 09:47:34Z

Lesser Antilles for Stylopathes adinocrada Opresko, 2006 
Rosalind Bank for Arachnopathes columnaris Duchassaing, 1870 
Surinamese Exclusive Economic Zone for Stylopathes adinocrada Opresko, 2006 
Holotype USNM 1092612, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Stylopathes adinocrada Opresko, 2006
Neotype USNM 77114, geounit Rosalind Bank, identified as Arachnopathes columnaris Duchassaing, 1870

Corallum monopodial or very rarely branched. Stem (and branches when present) pinnulate. Primary pinnules simple or ... [details]


Corallum monopodial, branched irregularly, or flabellate. Pinnules or branchlets tending to occur, to varying ... [details]


Corallum branched, larger branches arising mostly from near the base and ascending. Branches pinnulate. Pinnules ... [details]


Corallum flabellate, but often with overlapping branches; smallest branchlets arising laterally or irregularly on ... [details]


USNM 99410 - schizoholotype [details]


new combination [details]