WoRMS taxon details

Palythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898)

288485  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:288485)

marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Reimer, J.D. (2023). World List of Zoantharia. Palythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=288485 on 2023-06-02
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2011-10-12 06:57:06Z
2011-12-22 10:27:48Z

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context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley, 742 pp [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record den Hartog, J. C. & van der Land, J. (2000-2007). As a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; den Hartog, J.C.; Arneson, C.; Rützler, K. (1986). Class Anthozoa (Corals, Anemones). In: Sterrer W (ed) Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda. A systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. <em>John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, USA.</em> pp. 159-194.
page(s): 189, 190 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S.; Lancaster, J. E. (2003). Revision of methods for separating species of Protopalythoa (Hexacorallia : Zoanthidea) in the tropical West Pacific. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 17(3): 407-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is02008
page(s): 411 [details]   

additional source Sterrer, W. E. (1992). Bermuda’s Marine Life. Bermuda Zoological Society, Flatts, Bermuda, 307 pp.
page(s): 60 [details]   

additional source Kaplan, E. H. (1982). A Field Guide to Coral Reefs: Caribbean and Florida. <em>Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.</em> pp 289.
page(s): 76 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1910). Studien an westindischen Actinien. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Suppl. 11(2): 157-330
page(s): 162, 164, 277-278, 284 [details]   

additional source Karlson, R. H. (1983). Disturbance and monopolization of a spatial resource by Zoanthus sociatus (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). Bulletin of Marine Science, 33(1): 118-131
page(s): 120 [details]   

additional source Lewis, J. B. (1960). The fauna of rocky shores of Barbados, West Indies. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 38, 391-435
page(s): 432 [details]   

additional source Koehl, M. A. R. (1977). Water flow and the morphology of zoanthid colonies. Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 437-444
page(s): 437-444 [details]   

additional source Sebens, K. P. (1982). Intertidal distribution of zoanthids on the Caribbean coast of Panama: Effects of predation and desiccation. Bulletin of Marine Science, 32(1): 316-335
page(s): 321 [details]   

additional source Scheltema, R. S. (1971). The dispersal of the larvae of shoal-water benthic invertebrate species over long distances by ocean currents. Proceedings of the Fourth European Marine Biology Symposium, 7-28
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Walsh, G. E. (1967). An Annotated Bibliography of the Families Zoanthidae, Epizoanthidae, and Parazoanthidae (Coelenterata, Zoantharia). Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology. Honolulu., pp. 77.
page(s): 20-21 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Lipscomb, D. L.; Allard, M. W. (2002). A simple test: evaluating explanations for the relative simplicity of the Edwardsiidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Evolution, 56(3): 502-510
page(s): 503, 505, 506, fig. 1, fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Acosta, A.; Sammarco, P. W.; Duarte, L. F. (2005). New fission processes in the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum: description and quantitative aspects. Bulletin of Marine Science, 76(1): 1-26
page(s): 7 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1956). Zoantharien aus Französisch Westafrika. Buleltin de l'Institut Fondamental de l'Afrique Noire, 18, A, (2): 418-458
page(s): 419, 430, 439-443 [details]   

additional source Day, R. J. (1994). Algal symbiosis in Bunodeopsis: sea anemones with "auxiliary" structures. Biological Bulletin, 186, 182-194
page(s): 190, 192, 193 [details]   

additional source Cubit, John and Williams, Suelynn 1983. The invertebrates of Galeta Reef (Caribbean Panama): a species list and bibliography. Atoll Research Bulletin 269: 1-45.
page(s): 9 [details]   

additional source Sebens, K. (1977). Autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition of coral reef zoanthids. In: Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, May 1977 :397-404.
page(s): 397-406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Unknown type (of Protopalythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898)) MNRJ, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type MCZ, geounit Panamanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]