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Porifera taxon details

Clathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864

167703  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:167703)

accepted
Subgenus
Colloclathria Dendy, 1922 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Damoseni Laubenfels, 1936 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Echinonema Carter, 1875 · unaccepted (nomen nudum)
Raphidophlus · unaccepted (misspelling and junior synonym)
Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Rhapidophlus · unaccepted (misspelling and junior synonym)
Stylotellopsis Thiele, 1905 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Tenacia Schmidt, 1870 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Thalassodendron Lendenfeld, 1888 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 · unaccepted (junior synonym & subgenus assignment)

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  1. Species Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814)
  2. Species Clathria (Thalysias) amabilis (Thiele, 1905)
  3. Species Clathria (Thalysias) amirantiensis Hooper, 1996
  4. Species Clathria (Thalysias) anomala (Burton, 1933)
  5. Species Clathria (Thalysias) aphylla Hooper, 1996
  6. Species Clathria (Thalysias) araiosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993
  7. Species Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884)
  8. Species Clathria (Thalysias) arteria (de Laubenfels, 1954)
  9. Species Clathria (Thalysias) aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
  10. Species Clathria (Thalysias) basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
  11. Species Clathria (Thalysias) bitoxifera (Koltun, 1970)
  12. Species Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814)
  13. Species Clathria (Thalysias) calochela (Hentschel, 1912)
  14. Species Clathria (Thalysias) cancellaria (Lamarck, 1814)
  15. Species Clathria (Thalysias) cervicornis (Thiele, 1903)
  16. Species Clathria (Thalysias) chelosigmoidea Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
  17. Species Clathria (Thalysias) collosclera van Soest, 2009
  18. Species Clathria (Thalysias) complanata Van Soest, 2017
  19. Species Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884
  20. Species Clathria (Thalysias) coralliophila (Thiele, 1903)
  21. Species Clathria (Thalysias) coriocrassus (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
  22. Species Clathria (Thalysias) corneolia Hooper & Lévi, 1993
  23. Species Clathria (Thalysias) costifera Hallmann, 1912
  24. Species Clathria (Thalysias) craspedia Hooper, 1996
  25. Species Clathria (Thalysias) cratitia (Esper, 1797)
  26. Species Clathria (Thalysias) cullingworthi Burton, 1931
  27. Species Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927
  28. Species Clathria (Thalysias) darwinensis Hooper, 1996
  29. Species Clathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963)
  30. Species Clathria (Thalysias) distincta (Thiele, 1903)
  31. Species Clathria (Thalysias) dubia (Kirkpatrick, 1900)
  32. Species Clathria (Thalysias) encrusta Kumar, 1925
  33. Species Clathria (Thalysias) erecta (Thiele, 1899)
  34. Species Clathria (Thalysias) eurypa (de Laubenfels, 1954)
  35. Species Clathria (Thalysias) fascicularis Topsent, 1889
  36. Species Clathria (Thalysias) fasciculata Wilson, 1925
  37. Species Clathria (Thalysias) filifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  38. Species Clathria (Thalysias) flabellifera Hooper & Lévi, 1993
  39. Species Clathria (Thalysias) fusterna Hooper, 1996
  40. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hallmanni Hooper, 1996
  41. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hartmani (Simpson, 1966)
  42. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hermicola van Soest, Kaiser & Van Syoc, 2011
  43. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hesperia Hooper, 1996
  44. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hirsuta Hooper & Lévi, 1993
  45. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  46. Species Clathria (Thalysias) isodictyoides (van Soest, 1984)
  47. Species Clathria (Thalysias) jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892)
  48. Species Clathria (Thalysias) juniperina (Lamarck, 1814)
  49. Species Clathria (Thalysias) kieschnicki Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
  50. Species Clathria (Thalysias) kilauea (de Laubenfels, 1951)
  51. Species Clathria (Thalysias) koltuni Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
  52. Species Clathria (Thalysias) lambda (Lévi, 1958)
  53. Species Clathria (Thalysias) lematolae Hooper, 1996
  54. Species Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  55. Species Clathria (Thalysias) linda (de Laubenfels, 1954)
  56. Species Clathria (Thalysias) lissoclada (Burton, 1934)
  57. Species Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912)
  58. Species Clathria (Thalysias) major Hentschel, 1912
  59. Species Clathria (Thalysias) maunaloa (de Laubenfels, 1951)
  60. Species Clathria (Thalysias) mauriceburtoni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020
  61. Species Clathria (Thalysias) membranacea (Thiele, 1905)
  62. Species Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911)
  63. Species Clathria (Thalysias) micropunctata (Burton & Rao, 1932)
  64. Species Clathria (Thalysias) minuta (van Soest, 1984)
  65. Species Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
  66. Species Clathria (Thalysias) mutabilis (Topsent, 1897)
  67. Species Clathria (Thalysias) naikaiensis (Hoshino, 1981)
  68. Species Clathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963)
  69. Species Clathria (Thalysias) nuda Hentschel, 1912
  70. Species Clathria (Thalysias) ongulensis (Hoshino, 1977) †
  71. Species Clathria (Thalysias) opalina Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
  72. Species Clathria (Thalysias) orientalis (Brøndsted, 1934)
  73. Species Clathria (Thalysias) originalis (de Laubenfels, 1930)
  74. Species Clathria (Thalysias) oxeota (van Soest, 1984)
  75. Species Clathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963
  76. Species Clathria (Thalysias) phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996
  77. Species Clathria (Thalysias) placenta (Lamarck, 1814)
  78. Species Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884)
  79. Species Clathria (Thalysias) ramosa (Kieschnick, 1896)
  80. Species Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880
  81. Species Clathria (Thalysias) repens Galindo, Hooper & Pinheiro, 2014
  82. Species Clathria (Thalysias) ridleyi (Lindgren, 1897)
  83. Species Clathria (Thalysias) robusta (Dendy, 1922)
  84. Species Clathria (Thalysias) rubispina (Lamarck, 1814)
  85. Species Clathria (Thalysias) rubra (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  86. Species Clathria (Thalysias) spinifera (Lindgren, 1897)
  87. Species Clathria (Thalysias) styloprothesis Hooper, 1996
  88. Species Clathria (Thalysias) sulfocleistochela Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
  89. Species Clathria (Thalysias) tingens Hooper, 1996
  90. Species Clathria (Thalysias) topsenti (Thiele, 1899)
  91. Species Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912)
  92. Species Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
  93. Species Clathria (Thalysias) venosa (Alcolado, 1984)
  94. Species Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Esper, 1806)
  95. Species Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814)
  96. Species Clathria (Thalysias) wesselensis Hooper, 1996
  97. Species Clathria (Thalysias) zeai Van Soest, 2017
  98. Species Clathria (Thalysias) anchoratum (Carter, 1881) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
  99. Species Clathria (Thalysias) flabellata (Burton, 1936) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) mauriceburtoni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (preoccupied)
  100. Species Clathria (Thalysias) hechteli Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) venosa (Alcolado, 1984) (junior synonym and removed homonymy)
  101. Species Clathria (Thalysias) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) (subgenus transfer)
  102. Species Clathria (Thalysias) raraechelae (van Soest, 1984) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 (junior synonym)
  103. Species Clathria (Thalysias) schoenus (de Laubenfels, 1936) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 (junior synonym)
  104. Species Clathria (Thalysias) spiculosa (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) (junior synonym)
  105. Species Clathria (Thalysias) tricurvatifera (Carter, 1876) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) tricurvatifera (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
  106. Species Clathria (Thalysias) typica (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
  107. Species Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (sensu Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Esper, 1806) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 82 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Goodwin, C.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Lim, S.C.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.; Pinheiro, U.; Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Turner, T.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M.; Xavier, J. (2024). World Porifera Database. Clathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=167703 on 2024-06-17
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2006-01-05 16:19:33Z
changed
2006-08-07 14:17:24Z
changed
2008-11-22 11:56:23Z
changed
2011-01-05 09:25:31Z
changed
2017-01-16 11:19:12Z
changed

original description Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Ehlers, E. (1870). Die Esper'schen Spongien in der zoologischen Sammlung der K. Universität Erlangen. (E.Th. Jacob: Erlangen): 1-36. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Stylotellopsis Thiele, 1905) Thiele, J. (1905). Die Kiesel- und Hornschwämme der Sammlung Plate. <i>Zoologische Jahrbücher Supplement 6 (Fauna Chilensis III)</i>. 407-496, pls 27-33.
page(s): 457 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Colloclathria Dendy, 1922) Dendy, A. (1922). Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.'Sealark' in the Indian Ocean. <i>In</i>: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Vol. 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 18 (1): 1-164, pls 1-18.
page(s): 74 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinonema Carter, 1875) Carter, H.J. (1875). Notes introductory to the study and classification of the Spongida. Part II. Proposed classification of the Spongida. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 4 (16): 126-145. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Tenacia Schmidt, 1870) Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Thalassodendron Lendenfeld, 1888) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1888). Descriptive Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum, Sidney. (Taylor & Francis: London). i-xiv, 1-260, pls 1-12. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Damoseni Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 110 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 82 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hooper, J.N.A. (1996). Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. <em>Memoirs of the Queensland Museum.</em> 40: 1-626., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40092950 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Stylotellopsis Thiele, 1905) Clarke, Andrew; Johnston, Nadine M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. <em>Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review.</em> 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Colloclathria Dendy, 1922) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Colloclathria Dendy, 1922) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Echinonema Carter, 1875) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Damoseni Laubenfels, 1936) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Damoseni Laubenfels, 1936) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Thalassodendron Lendenfeld, 1888) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Thalassodendron Lendenfeld, 1888) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Tenacia Schmidt, 1870) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Tenacia Schmidt, 1870) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Tenacia Schmidt, 1870) Hallmann, E.F. (1917). On the genera <i>Echinaxia</i> and <i>Rhabdosigma</i> (Porifera). <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 42(2): 391-405, pls XXI-XXII.
page(s): 769-771 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (of Echinonema Carter, 1875) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Thalysias Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Lévi, C. (1960). Les démosponges des côtes de France: 1. Les Clathriidae [The Demospongiae of the French coasts: 1. The Clathriidae. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 1 (1): 47-87. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 52 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Stylotellopsis Thiele, 1905) Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

additional source  (of Stylotellopsis Thiele, 1905) Hooper, J. N. A. (2002 [2004]). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 432–468. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). <em>Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges.</em> (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Hallmann, E.F. (1912). Report on the Sponges obtained by the F.I.S.'Endeavour' on the Coasts of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, 1909-10. Part 1. <em>Zoological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried out by F.I.S. 'Endeavour',.</em> 1909-14 (2): 117-300, pls XXI-XXXVI.
page(s): 175-177 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Lévi, C. (1960). Les démosponges des côtes de France: 1. Les Clathriidae [The Demospongiae of the French coasts: 1. The Clathriidae. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 1 (1): 47-87. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 55-56 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Rhaphidophlus Ehlers, 1870) Clarke, Andrew; Johnston, Nadine M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. <em>Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review.</em> 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (of Raphidophlus) Vacelet, J.; Vasseur, P. (1971). Éponges des récifs coralliens de Tuléar (Madagascar). <em>Téthys.</em> Supplément 1: 51-126. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (of Rhapidophlus) Ridley, S.O. (1884). Spongiida. <em>Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert', 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London).</em> 366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (of Tenacia Schmidt, 1870) Lévi, C. (1960). Les démosponges des côtes de France: 1. Les Clathriidae [The Demospongiae of the French coasts: 1. The Clathriidae. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 1 (1): 47-87. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 56 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Clathria with two categories of auxiliary styles forming a specialized ectosomal skeleton, the smaller usually forming discrete bundles or a continuous palisade perpendicular to the surface; echinating megascleres present. [details]

Diagnosis Clathria with two categories of auxiliary styles forming a specialized ectosomal skeleton, the smaller usually forming discrete bundles or a continuous palisade perpendicular to the surface; echinating megascleres present. [details]
    Definitions

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