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Porifera source details

Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
Laubenfels, M.W. de
A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera
Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication
467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Caribbean region
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-06-24 14:28:07Z
2016-05-18 09:58:52Z
2017-09-09 13:02:27Z
2017-11-24 12:02:28Z

Aaata de Laubenfels, 1930 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) Bowerbank, 1862 (additional source)
Aaptos unispiculus (Carter, 1880) accepted as Eurypon unispiculum (Carter, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Acamasina de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Mycale (Arenochalina) Lendenfeld, 1887 (original description)
Acamasina laxissima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Mycale (Arenochalina) laxissima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Acarniidae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Microcionidae Carter, 1875 (original description)
Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 (additional source)
Adocia neens sensu Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) implexiformis (Hechtel, 1965) (original description)
Adociidae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Chalinidae Gray, 1867 (original description)
Agelas schmidti accepted as Agelas schmidtii Wilson, 1902 (basis of record)
Agelas sparsus (Gray, 1867) accepted as Agelas dispar Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (new combination reference)
Aka de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Siphonodictyon Bergquist, 1965 (original description)
Alcyoncellidae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Corbitellinae Gray, 1872 (original description)
Algol Sollas, 1888 accepted as Stellettinopsis Carter, 1879 (additional source)
Amphilectus svarchevskyi Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) (original description)
Anaata pennata (Brøndsted, 1932) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pennata Brøndsted, 1932 (source of synonymy)
Anaata proxima (Lundbeck, 1910) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) proxima Lundbeck, 1910 (source of synonymy)
Anaata pugio (Lundbeck, 1910) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pugio Lundbeck, 1910 (source of synonymy)
Anaata pustulosa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Phorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Antares Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Arndtanchora Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Hymenancora Lundbeck, 1910 (original description)
Arndtanchora sirventi (Topsent, 1927) accepted as Hymenancora sirventi (Topsent, 1927) (source of synonymy)
Asconosa (original description)
Askonematinae Gray, 1872 accepted as Rossellinae Schulze, 1885 accepted as Rossellidae Schulze, 1885 (basis of record)
Athnacama Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) Gray, 1867 (original description)
Athnacama lundbecki (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) lundbecki Topsent, 1904 (source of synonymy)
Aulospongus schoenus de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 (original description)
Axinomimus Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Axinyssa Lendenfeld, 1897 (original description)
Axinomimus paradoxus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Axinyssa paradoxa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Axocielita de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) Bowerbank, 1862 (original description)
Axocielita similis (Stephens, 1915) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) stephensae Hooper, 1996 (source of synonymy)
Axociella spinosa (Wilson, 1902) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) spinosa (Wilson, 1902) (new combination reference)
Bethia Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833 (original description)
Bethia laciniata (Carter, 1879) accepted as Raspailia laciniata (Carter, 1879) (basis of record)
Burtonanchora de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Myxilla (Burtonanchora) de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Burtonanchora crucifera (Wilson, 1925) accepted as Myxilla (Burtonanchora) crucifera Wilson, 1925 (source of synonymy)
Burtonispongia Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886 (original description)
Burtonispongia australis (Dendy, 1896) accepted as Chondropsis australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (basis of record)
Cacospongia camera de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Dendrilla camera (de Laubenfels, 1936) (original description)
Callyspongia arcesiosa de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Callyspongia vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) aculeata (Linnaeus, 1759) (new combination reference)
Callyspongiidae Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Calyxadocia Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Hemigellius Burton, 1932 (original description)
Calyxadocia calyx (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Hemigellius calyx (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Carmia fascibula (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Mycale (Carmia) fascibula (Topsent, 1904) (new combination reference)
Characella enae (de Laubenfels, 1934) (additional source)
Choanites Mantell, 1822 sensu de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Suberites Nardo, 1833 (basis of record)
Chondrillina Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Spirastrella Schmidt, 1868 (original description)
Chondrillina phyllodes (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Spirastrella phyllodes (Schmidt, 1870) (basis of record)
Chondrosia chucalla de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Chondrosia collectrix (Schmidt, 1870) (new combination reference)
Cinachyra alloclada Uliczka, 1929 accepted as Cinachyrella alloclada (Uliczka, 1929) (additional source)
Ciocalapata de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Ciocalapata amorphosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Ciocalypta alleni de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Cionanchora de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Discorhabdella Dendy, 1924 (original description)
Cionanchora tuberosocapitata (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Discorhabdella tuberosocapitata (Topsent, 1890) (source of synonymy)
Clathroscula Merejkowsky, 1878 (taxonomy source)
Cliona caribbaea Carter, 1882 (additional source)
Cornulella biclavata (Priest, 1881) accepted as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) biclavata (Priest, 1881) (new combination reference)
Corythophoridae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Pheronematidae Gray, 1870 (original description)
Coscinoderma lamarcki de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Coscinoderma lanuga de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Craticularinae sensu Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Craticulariidae Rauff, 1893 (taxonomy source)
Crellancistra Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Hamacantha (Vomerula) Schmidt, 1880 (original description)
Crellancistra integra (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Hamacantha (Vomerula) integra Topsent, 1904 (source of synonymy)
Crellinspira de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Crella (Pytheas) Topsent, 1890 (original description)
Crellinspira donsi (Burton, 1931) accepted as Crella (Pytheas) donsi Burton, 1931 (source of synonymy)
Cyamon dendyi de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864) (original description)
Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864) (additional source)
Daedalopeltidae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Neopeltidae Sollas, 1888 (original description)
Damonilla Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Crellomima Rezvoi, 1925 (original description)
Damonilla incrustans (Hentschel, 1929) accepted as Crellomima incrustans Hentschel, 1929 (source of synonymy)
Damoseni Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (original description)
Damoseni michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) (source of synonymy)
Dasychalina cyathina de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Niphates digitalis (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Delectona Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Delectona higgini (Carter, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Dendyidae de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Dercitopsis onkodes (Uliczka, 1929) accepted as Plakinastrella onkodes Uliczka, 1929 (new combination reference)
Dercitopsis trunculifer (Topsent, 1927) accepted as Plakinastrella trunculifera Topsent, 1927 (new combination reference)
Desmacella dendyi Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Desmacella pumilio Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Desmacella vestibularis sensu Dendy, 1924 accepted as Desmacella dendyi Laubenfels, 1936 (status source)
Dictyociona pyramidalis (Brøndsted, 1924) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) pyramidalis (Brøndsted, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Djeddeidae Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Heteropiidae Dendy, 1893 (original description)
Donotella Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Spiroxya Topsent, 1896 (original description)
Donotella acustella (Annandale, 1915) accepted as Spiroxya acustella (Annandale, 1915) (basis of record)
Dysidea crawshayi de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Dysidea variabilis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (original description)
Dysidea etheria de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Echinodictyum topsenti Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Echinodictyum mesenterinum (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Epipolasis de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Epipolasis angulospiculata sensu Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Aaptos pernucleata (Carter, 1870) (original description)
Esperia modesta Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Esperiopsis schmidti accepted as Echinostylinos schmidtii (Arnesen, 1903) (basis of record)
Euchelipluma congeri de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Euplectella jovis Schmidt, 1880 (additional source)
Eurypon rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) (source of synonymy)
Euryspongia rosea de Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Euryspongia semicanalis (Ridley, 1884) (source of synonymy)
East China Sea for Merriamium lindgreni Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 
Floridian for Adocia neens sensu Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Agelas sparsus (Gray, 1867) 
Floridian for Antho (Plocamia) penneyi (Laubenfels, 1936) 
Floridian for Aulospongus schoenus de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Axociella spinosa (Wilson, 1902) 
Floridian for Cacospongia camera de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Callyspongia arcesiosa de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Callyspongia vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Floridian for Cinachyra alloclada Uliczka, 1929 
Floridian for Cliona caribbaea Carter, 1882 
Floridian for Coscinoderma lanuga de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864)  (inaccurate)
Floridian for Dasychalina cyathina de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Dysidea crawshayi de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Dysidea etheria de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Epipolasis angulospiculata sensu Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Euchelipluma congeri de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Euryspongia rosea de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Fibulia nolitangere (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 
Floridian for Halichondria melanadocia de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Haliclona longleyi Laubenfels, 1932 
Floridian for Haliclona rubens (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Haliclona subtriangularis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Haliclona viridis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Halicometes perastra de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Hippiospongia gossypina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Hippiospongia lachne de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Hircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814) 
Floridian for Hircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Floridian for Hircinia variabilis sensu de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Holoplocamia penneyi Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Holopsamma helwigi de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Hymeniacidon amphilecta de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Hymeniacidon heliophila (Wilson, 1911) 
Floridian for Ianthella basta sensu de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Iotrochota birotulata (Higgin, 1877) 
Floridian for Laxosuberites coerulea (sensu Laubenfels, 1936) 
Floridian for Leucandra barbata (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Leuconia barbata (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Leucosolenia canariensis (Miklucho-Maclay, 1868)  (inaccurate)
Floridian for Lissodendoryx isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) 
Floridian for Merriamium tortugasensis de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Mycale angulosa (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) sensu Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Myriastra kallitetilla Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Najax solida de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Oligoceras hemorrhages de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Pandaros acanthifolium Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Floridian for Paratimea galaxa de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Patuloscula plicifera (Lamarck, 1814) 
Floridian for Pellina carbonaria (Lamarck, 1814) 
Floridian for Placospongia melobesioides sensu Schmidt, 1870 
Floridian for Polyfibrospongia echina de Laubenfels, 1934 
Floridian for Prosuberites microsclerus Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Psammascus psellus Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Pseudosuberites melanos de Laubenfels, 1934 
Floridian for Ptilocaulis marquezii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Rhaphisia ambrosia de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Roosa zyggompha de Laubenfels, 1934 
Floridian for Samus anonyma Gray, 1867 
Floridian for Spheciospongia vesparia 
Floridian for Spirastrella coccinea (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Spongia (Spongia) tubulifera Lamarck, 1814 
Floridian for Tedania ignis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Teichaxinella shoemakeri de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Terpios fugax Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Floridian for Tethya seychellensis (Wright, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Floridian for Thalyseurypon foliacea (Topsent, 1889) 
Floridian for Thalysias juniperina (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Floridian for Toxemma tubulata (sensu de Laubenfels, 1936) 
Floridian for Trachygellius cinachyra Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Trypespongia columbia de Laubenfels, 1936 
Floridian for Verongia archeri (Higgin, 1875) 
Floridian for Verongia fulva (Pallas, 1766) 
Floridian for Verongia longissima sensu de Laubenfels, 1936 
Greater Antilles for Euplectella jovis Schmidt, 1880 
Greater Antilles for Hymedesmia nummota Laubenfels, 1936 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Desmacella pumilio Schmidt, 1870 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Euchelipluma congeri de Laubenfels, 1936 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Euplectella jovis Schmidt, 1880 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) nummota Laubenfels, 1936 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870 
Holotype USNM 22317, geounit Greater Antilles, identified as Ircinia dickinsoni (de Laubenfels, 1936)
Holotype USNM 22404, geounit Floridian, identified as Aulospongus schoenus de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22408, geounit Floridian, identified as Dysidea etheria de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22412, geounit Floridian, identified as Holopsamma helwigi de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22418, geounit Floridian, identified as Merriamium tortugasensis de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22421, geounit Floridian, identified as Trypespongia columbia de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22428, geounit Floridian, identified as Euryspongia rosea de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22430, geounit Floridian, identified as Paratimea galaxa de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22433, geounit Floridian, identified as Trachygellius cinachyra Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22438, geounit Floridian, identified as Psammascus psellus Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22450, geounit Floridian, identified as Teichaxinella shoemakeri de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22452, geounit Floridian, identified as Rhaphisia ambrosia de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22454, geounit Floridian, identified as Dysidea crawshayi de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22460, geounit Floridian, identified as Holoplocamia penneyi Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22463, geounit Floridian, identified as Halichondria melanadocia de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22466, geounit Floridian, identified as Myriastra kallitetilla Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22468, geounit Floridian, identified as Halicometes perastra de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22484, geounit Floridian, identified as Oligoceras hemorrhages de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22493, geounit Floridian, identified as Prosuberites microsclerus Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22506, geounit Floridian, identified as Hymeniacidon amphilecta de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22509, geounit Floridian, identified as Dasychalina cyathina de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22517, geounit Floridian, identified as Euchelipluma congeri de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22519, geounit Greater Antilles, identified as Hymedesmia nummota Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22525, geounit Floridian, identified as Callyspongia arcesiosa de Laubenfels, 1936
Holotype USNM 22529, geounit Floridian, identified as Najax solida de Laubenfels, 1936

 Additional information

De Laubenfels (1936: 69) is often cited as the author that proposed the combination Sigmadocia flagellifera, but ... [details]


Gray (1867) erected the homonyms Pronax with type species Cliona lobata Hancock on p. 526 and Pronax with type ... [details]


This was erected as a nomen novum for the preoccupied Halichondria aspera Swartschewski, 1905 (not: Bowerbank, 1875) [details]

 Taxonomic remark

This speices has been created by de Laubenfels,1936 for Chondrosia collectrix Lendenfeld 1888 which is a junior ... [details]


Preoccupied by Acamas de Montfort, 1808 (Mollusca). [details]


De Laubenfels (1936: 187) employed this as a subfamily Diapleurinae of the family Aulocystidae. [details]


Erected for type species Esperella lapidiformis Ridley & Dendy, 1886, which is a true Mycale (Mycale). [details]


This is not Spongia sinuosa Pallas, 1766. [details]

 Type species

This is the type species of Damonilla de Laubenfels, 1936 which is a junior synonym of Crellomima[details]

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