WoRMS source details

Roveta, C.; Marrocco, T.; Calcinai, B.; Pulido Mantas, T.; Pica, D.; Valisano, L.; Puce, S. (2022). Unravelling the sponge diversity of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). The European Zoological Journal. 89(1): 310-323.
425970
10.1080/24750263.2022.2042406 [view]
Roveta, C.; Marrocco, T.; Calcinai, B.; Pulido Mantas, T.; Pica, D.; Valisano, L.; Puce, S.
2022
Unravelling the sponge diversity of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy)
The European Zoological Journal
89(1): 310-323
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Porifera are considered key components of benthic communities, being typical inhabitants of both shallow and deep waters, from the mesolittoral to the bathyal zone. Although sponges are one of the most common organisms in Western Mediterranean ecosystems, in many areas the knowledge on this taxon is still very limited. In the current study, we aim to analyse and compare the sponge communities characterising the hard bottoms of two islands, Montecristo and Giglio, belonging to the Tuscan Archipelago National Park (TANP, Italy), in relation to a bathymetric gradient. A total of 340 samples were collected, 13 orders and 48 species (46 Demospongiae and 2 Calcarea) identified, with Chondrosia reniformis representing the most recorded species, being found at all sites at almost all depths. Depth was the only significant factor in the observed pattern, while the sponge community is shared between the two Islands. In addition, our data were analysed together with data available in the literature on sponges of the Tuscan Archipelago, to assess the sampling effort. Among all the Islands of the Archipelago, Giglio and Montecristo showed the higher mean species diversity. Nonetheless, the sampling effort resulted not sufficient for each Island and future studies targeting Porifera are needed. Our work is the first summarising the sponge diversity of the entire Tuscan Archipelago, and one of the few focussing entirely on the sponge fauna. These results provide new important information on the area of the TANP, aimed to become a future Marine Protected Area, adding new records, and highlighting the high diversity of a poorly known area.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
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2022-03-20 15:22:53Z
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2022-03-21 08:48:20Z
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Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Agelas oroides (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) (additional source)
Aplysina cavernicola (Vacelet, 1959) (additional source)
Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Callyspongia subcornea (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Crella (Crella) elegans (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961) (additional source)
Haliclona (Halichoclona) fulva (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Haliclona (Reniera) mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 (additional source)
Haliclona (Soestella) arenata (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Haliclona (Soestella) mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Haliclona (Soestella) valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 (additional source)
Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) baculifera (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) consanguinea Lundbeck, 1910 (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mollis Lundbeck, 1910 (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) rissoi Topsent, 1936 (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) versicolor (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Stylopus) coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) (additional source)
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Ircinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981 (additional source)
Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (additional source)
Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) (additional source)
Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Western Mediterranean for Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Agelas oroides (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) 
Western Mediterranean for Aplysina cavernicola (Vacelet, 1959) 
Western Mediterranean for Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) 
Western Mediterranean for Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Callyspongia subcornea (Griessinger, 1971) 
Western Mediterranean for Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 
Western Mediterranean for Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Crella (Crella) elegans (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Crella (Crella) elegans (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961) 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Halichoclona) fulva (Topsent, 1893) 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Reniera) mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Soestella) arenata (Griessinger, 1971) 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Soestella) mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Soestella) valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) 
Western Mediterranean for Haliclona (Soestella) valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) 
Western Mediterranean for Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 
Western Mediterranean for Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) 
Western Mediterranean for Hemimycale mediterranea Uriz, Garate & Agell, 2017 
Western Mediterranean for Hemimycale mediterranea Uriz, Garate & Agell, 2017 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) baculifera (Topsent, 1901) 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) baculifera (Topsent, 1901) 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) consanguinea Lundbeck, 1910  (inaccurate)
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mollis Lundbeck, 1910 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pansa Bowerbank, 1882 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) rissoi Topsent, 1936 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) rissoi Topsent, 1936 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) versicolor (Topsent, 1893) 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) versicolor (Topsent, 1893) 
Western Mediterranean for Hymedesmia (Stylopus) coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) 
Western Mediterranean for Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) 
Western Mediterranean for Ircinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981 
Western Mediterranean for Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 
Western Mediterranean for Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) 
Western Mediterranean for Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 
Western Mediterranean for Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 
 Taxonomy

The records from Mediterranean are doubtful, the species being recorded mosty from Northern Boreal Atlantic [details]