WoRMS taxon details

Prionospio Malmgren, 1867

129620  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129620)

accepted
Genus
Anaspio Chamberlin, 1920 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Aquilaspio Foster, 1971 · unaccepted (subjective synonymy)
Kinbergella McIntosh, 1909 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Minuspio Foster, 1971 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Periptyches Grube, 1873 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Prionospio (Apoprionospio) [auctorum] · unaccepted (superseded combination)
Prionospio (Aquilaspio) [auctorum] · unaccepted (superseded combination)
Prionospio (Minuspio) Foster, 1971 · unaccepted (superseded subgenus rank combination)
Prionospio (Prionospio) [auctorum] · unaccepted (superseded combination)
Pteriptyches [auct. misspelling for 'Periptyches] · unaccepted (subsequent author misspelling)

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  1. Species Prionospio acuta Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  2. Species Prionospio alexandrae Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  3. Species Prionospio aluta Maciolek, 1985
  4. Species Prionospio amarsupiata Neal & Altamira in Paterson et al., 2016
  5. Species Prionospio anatolica Dagli & Çinar, 2011
  6. Species Prionospio andamanensis Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  7. Species Prionospio anneae Radashevsky, 2015
  8. Species Prionospio anuncata Fauchald, 1972
  9. Species Prionospio atrovitta Gopal, Parameswaran, Abdul Jaleel & Saravanane, 2020
  10. Species Prionospio aucklandica Augener, 1923
  11. Species Prionospio austella Delgado-Blas, 2015
  12. Species Prionospio australiensis Blake & Kudenov, 1978
  13. Species Prionospio biancoi Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  14. Species Prionospio bocki Söderström, 1920
  15. Species Prionospio branchilucida Altamira, Glover & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
  16. Species Prionospio caribensis Delgado-Blas, 2014
  17. Species Prionospio caspersi Laubier, 1962
  18. Species Prionospio cerastae Radashevsky, 2015
  19. Species Prionospio chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
  20. Species Prionospio cinthyae Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  21. Species Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883
  22. Species Prionospio convexa Imajima, 1990
  23. Species Prionospio cooki Radashevsky, 2015
  24. Species Prionospio coorilla Wilson, 1990
  25. Species Prionospio cornuta Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  26. Species Prionospio corrugata Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  27. Species Prionospio crassumbranchiata Delgado-Blas, 2015
  28. Species Prionospio cristata Foster, 1971
  29. Species Prionospio cristaventralis Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2018
  30. Species Prionospio decipiens Söderström, 1920
  31. Species Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965
  32. Species Prionospio depauperata Imajima, 1990
  33. Species Prionospio dubia Day, 1961
  34. Species Prionospio ehlersi Fauvel, 1928
  35. Species Prionospio elegantula Imajima, 1990
  36. Species Prionospio elongata Imajima, 1990
  37. Species Prionospio ergeni Dagli & Çinar, 2009
  38. Species Prionospio expansa Lee, Lee & Min, 2023
  39. Species Prionospio fallax Söderström, 1920
  40. Species Prionospio fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
  41. Species Prionospio festiva (Grube, 1872)
  42. Species Prionospio fosterae Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  43. Species Prionospio gabriellae Delgado-Blas & Fonseca-González, 2023
  44. Species Prionospio grossa Imajima, 1990
  45. Species Prionospio hartmanae Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  46. Species Prionospio henriki Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  47. Species Prionospio hermesia Neal & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
  48. Species Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907
  49. Species Prionospio jamaicensis Delgado-Blas, 2014
  50. Species Prionospio japonica Okuda, 1935
  51. Species Prionospio jonatani Delgado-Blas, 2015
  52. Species Prionospio jubata Blake, 1996
  53. Species Prionospio kaplani Altamira, Glover & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
  54. Species Prionospio kinbergi Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  55. Species Prionospio kirrae Wilson, 1990
  56. Species Prionospio komaeti Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  57. Species Prionospio krusadensis Fauvel, 1929
  58. Species Prionospio kulin Wilson, 1990
  59. Species Prionospio laciniosa Maciolek, 1985
  60. Species Prionospio lanceolata Hartmann-Schröder, 1979
  61. Species Prionospio lighti Maciolek, 1985
  62. Species Prionospio lineata Imajima, 1990
  63. Species Prionospio lobulata Fauchald, 1972
  64. Species Prionospio lylei Radashevsky, 2015
  65. Species Prionospio maciolekae Dagli & Çinar, 2011
  66. Species Prionospio malayensis Caullery, 1914
  67. Species Prionospio marsupialia Blake, 1996
  68. Species Prionospio membranacea Imajima, 1990
  69. Species Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927
  70. Species Prionospio multicristata Hutchings & Rainer, 1979
  71. Species Prionospio multipinnulata (Blake & Kudenov, 1978)
  72. Species Prionospio mutata Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  73. Species Prionospio neenae Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  74. Species Prionospio newportensis Reish, 1959
  75. Species Prionospio nielseni Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  76. Species Prionospio nirripa Wilson, 1990
  77. Species Prionospio nonatoi Peixoto & Paiva, 2019
  78. Species Prionospio oligopinnulata Delgado-Blas, 2015
  79. Species Prionospio orensanzi Blake, 1983
  80. Species Prionospio oshimensis Imajima, 1990
  81. Species Prionospio pacifica Zhou & Li, 2009
  82. Species Prionospio paradisea Imajima, 1990
  83. Species Prionospio parapari Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2018
  84. Species Prionospio patagonica Augener, 1923
  85. Species Prionospio paucipinnulata Blake & Kudenov, 1978
  86. Species Prionospio perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
  87. Species Prionospio peruana Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
  88. Species Prionospio phuketensis Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  89. Species Prionospio plumosa M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872
  90. Species Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929
  91. Species Prionospio pulchra Imajima, 1990
  92. Species Prionospio pyramidalis (Hutchings & Turvey, 1984)
  93. Species Prionospio quadrilamellata Peixoto & Paiva, 2020
  94. Species Prionospio queenslandica Blake & Kudenov, 1978
  95. Species Prionospio rikardoi Martínez & Adarraga, 2019
  96. Species Prionospio rosariae Delgado-Blas, 2014
  97. Species Prionospio rotalis Mohammad, 1970
  98. Species Prionospio rotunda Delgado-Blas, 2015
  99. Species Prionospio rugosa Sigvaldadóttir, 1997
  100. Species Prionospio runei Hylleberg & Nateewathana, 1991
  101. Species Prionospio saccifera Mackie & Hartley, 1990
  102. Species Prionospio saldanha Day, 1961
  103. Species Prionospio sandersi Maciolek, 1981
  104. Species Prionospio sanmartini Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2019
  105. Species Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918
  106. Species Prionospio sishaensis Wu & Chen, 1964
  107. Species Prionospio solisi Peixoto & Paiva, 2019
  108. Species Prionospio somaliensis Cognetti-Varriale, 1988
  109. Species Prionospio spongicola Wesenberg-Lund, 1958
  110. Species Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867
  111. Species Prionospio tatura Wilson, 1990
  112. Species Prionospio tetelensis Gibbs, 1971
  113. Species Prionospio texana Hartman, 1951
  114. Species Prionospio thalanji Wilson & Humphreys, 2001
  115. Species Prionospio tridentata Blake & Kudenov, 1978
  116. Species Prionospio tripinnata Maciolek, 1985
  117. Species Prionospio unilamellata Sigvaldadóttir & Desbruyères, 2003
  118. Species Prionospio vallensis Neal & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
  119. Species Prionospio variegata Imajima, 1990
  120. Species Prionospio vermillionensis Fauchald, 1972
  121. Species Prionospio wambiri Wilson, 1990
  122. Species Prionospio wireni Maciolek, 1985
  123. Species Prionospio yuriel Wilson, 1990
  124. Subgenus Prionospio (Apoprionospio) [auctorum] accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded combination)
    1. Species Prionospio (Apoprionospio) vermillionensis Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Prionospio vermillionensis Fauchald, 1972 (superseded original combination)
  125. Subgenus Prionospio (Aquilaspio) [auctorum] accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded combination)
    1. Species Prionospio (Aquilaspio) convexa Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio convexa Imajima, 1990 (superseded original combination)
    2. Species Prionospio (Aquilaspio) grossa Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio grossa Imajima, 1990 (superseded original combination)
    3. Species Prionospio (Aquilaspio) multipinnulata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Prionospio multipinnulata (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
    4. Species Prionospio (Aquilaspio) krusadensis Fauvel, 1929 represented as Prionospio krusadensis Fauvel, 1929 (disused subgenus rank)
  126. Subgenus Prionospio (Minuspio) Foster, 1971 accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded subgenus rank combination)
    1. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio aluta Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    2. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) cirrifera Wirén, 1883 accepted as Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883 (superseded subgenus)
    3. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) delta Hartman, 1965 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (superseded subgenus)
    4. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) elegantula Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio elegantula Imajima, 1990 (superseded original combination)
    5. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) elongata Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio elongata Imajima, 1990 (superseded combination)
    6. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    7. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) japonica Okuda, 1935 accepted as Prionospio japonica Okuda, 1935 (superseded combination)
    8. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    9. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio lighti Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    10. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 accepted as Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 (superseded subgenus)
    11. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio perkinsi Maciolek, 1985 (superseded original combination)
    12. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) pulchra Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio pulchra Imajima, 1990 (superseded combination)
    13. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) sandersi Maciolek, 1981 accepted as Prionospio sandersi Maciolek, 1981 (superseded original combination)
    14. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) wireni Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio wireni Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    15. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) anatolica Dagli & Çinar, 2011 represented as Prionospio anatolica Dagli & Çinar, 2011 (disused subgenus)
    16. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) maciolekae Dagli & Çinar, 2011 represented as Prionospio maciolekae Dagli & Çinar, 2011 (disused subgenus)
    17. Species Prionospio (Minuspio) sanmartini Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2019 represented as Prionospio sanmartini Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2019 (disused subgenus)
  127. Subgenus Prionospio (Paraprionospio) Caullery, 1914 accepted as Paraprionospio Caullery, 1914 (rank upgraded to genus)
    1. Species Prionospio (Paraprionospio) pinnata Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901)
  128. Subgenus Prionospio (Prionospio) [auctorum] accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded combination)
    1. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) anuncata Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Prionospio anuncata Fauchald, 1972 (superseded subgenus)
    2. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) australiensis Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Prionospio australiensis Blake & Kudenov, 1978 (superseded subgenus)
    3. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) cristata Foster, 1971 accepted as Prionospio cristata Foster, 1971 (superseded subgenus)
    4. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) depauperata Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio depauperata Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    5. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) ehlersi Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Prionospio ehlersi Fauvel, 1928 (superseded subgenus)
    6. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) ergeni Dagli & Çinar, 2009 accepted as Prionospio ergeni Dagli & Çinar, 2009
    7. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) heterobranchia Moore, 1907 accepted as Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907 (superseded subgenus)
    8. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) lineata Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio lineata Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    9. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) membranacea Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio membranacea Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    10. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) oshimensis Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio oshimensis Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    11. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) paradisea Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio paradisea Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    12. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) paucipinnulata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Prionospio paucipinnulata Blake & Kudenov, 1978
    13. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) queenslandica Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Prionospio queenslandica Blake & Kudenov, 1978 (superseded subgenus)
    14. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (superseded subgenus)
    15. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) tridentata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Prionospio tridentata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 (superseded subgenus)
    16. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) tripinnata Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio tripinnata Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
    17. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) variegata Imajima, 1990 accepted as Prionospio variegata Imajima, 1990 (superseded subgenus)
    18. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) dubia Day, 1961 represented as Prionospio dubia Day, 1961 (disused subgenus)
    19. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) jubata Blake, 1996 represented as Prionospio jubata Blake, 1996 (disused subgenus)
    20. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) lanceolata Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 represented as Prionospio lanceolata Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 (disused subgenus)
    21. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) lobulata Fauchald, 1972 represented as Prionospio lobulata Fauchald, 1972 (disused subgenus)
    22. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) marsupialia Blake, 1996 represented as Prionospio marsupialia Blake, 1996 (disused subgenus)
    23. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) orensanzi Blake, 1983 represented as Prionospio orensanzi Blake, 1983 (disused subgenus)
    24. Species Prionospio (Prionospio) pacifica Zhou & Li, 2009 represented as Prionospio pacifica Zhou & Li, 2009 (disused subgenus)
  129. Species Prionospio africana Augener, 1918 accepted as Paraprionospio africana (Augener, 1918) (superseded original combination)
  130. Species Prionospio alata Moore, 1923 accepted as Paraprionospio alata (Moore, 1923) (superseded original combination)
  131. Species Prionospio banyulensis Laubier, 1966 accepted as Aurospio banyulensis (Laubier, 1966) (superseded original combination)
  132. Species Prionospio cirrobranchiata Day, 1961 accepted as Aonidella cirrobranchiata (Day, 1961) (superseded original combination)
  133. Species Prionospio dayi (Foster, 1969) accepted as Apoprionospio dayi Foster, 1969 (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded subsequent combination)
  134. Species Prionospio gracilis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Microspio gracilis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (superseded original combination)
  135. Species Prionospio japonicus Okuda, 1935 accepted as Prionospio japonica Okuda, 1935 (incorrect original spelling for gender agreement)
  136. Species Prionospio longibranchiata Reish, 1968 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (subjective synonym)
  137. Species Prionospio multibranchiata Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929 (replaced primary homonym in Prionospio)
  138. Species Prionospio ockelmanni Pleijel, 1985 accepted as Aurospio banyulensis (Laubier, 1966) (subjective synonym)
  139. Species Prionospio ornata Berkeley & Berkeley, 1961 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (subjective synonym)
  140. Species Prionospio pilkena Wilson, 1990 accepted as Aurospio pilkena (Wilson, 1990) (superseded original combination)
  141. Species Prionospio pinnata Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (superseded original combination)
  142. Species Prionospio plumosa Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Paraprionospio treadwelli (Hartman, 1951) (superseded orginal combination of replaced junior primary homonym)
  143. Species Prionospio plumosus M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Prionospio plumosa M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (incorrect original spelling for gender agreement)
  144. Species Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 accepted as Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  145. Species Prionospio salzi Laubier, 1970 accepted as Laubieriellus salzi (Laubier, 1970) (superseded original combination)
  146. Species Prionospio tenuis (Verrill, 1880) accepted as Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
  147. Species Prionospio treadwelli Hartman, 1951 accepted as Paraprionospio treadwelli (Hartman, 1951) (superseded original replacement name )
  148. Species Prionospio capensis McIntosh, 1885 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, indeterminable)
  149. Species Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, indeterminable, probably based on a composite of several species (fide Maciolek, 1985))
  150. Species Prionospio nova Annenkova, 1938 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fragment (fide Foster, 1969, 1971))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 93 [details]   
Note Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in...  
From other sources
Type species Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]
Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type...  
Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type of the family Spionidae, and refers presumably to the saw-like appearance in profile of the pinnate branchiae of the genotype, Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (see Malmgren, 1867: plate IX fig. 55B). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Prionospio Malmgren, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129620 on 2024-02-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-17 02:13:06Z
changed
2016-05-29 12:39:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 93 [details]   

original description  (of Minuspio Foster, 1971) Foster, Nancy Marie. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 106-107 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Anaspio Chamberlin, 1920) Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1920). The polychaetes collected by the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-18. <em>Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18.</em> 9B: 1-41, plates 1-6., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37673125
page(s): 18 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Aquilaspio Foster, 1971) Foster, Nancy Marie. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 105 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Periptyches Grube, 1873) Grube, Adolf-Eduard. (1873). Über ein paar neue Anneliden aus der Familie der Spiodeen. <em>Jahres-Bericht der Schlesichen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Cultur.</em> 50: 57-58., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38491131 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Kinbergella McIntosh, 1909) McIntosh, W.C. 1909. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 31. 1. On a young stage of Gadus luscus with bold transverse bars of pigment. 2. On the british Spionidae. 3. On the Spionidae dredged by H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 3: 153-180. [details]   

taxonomy source Paterson, Gordon L. J.; Neal, Lenka; Altamira, Iris; Soto, Eulogio H.; Smith, Craig R.; Menot, Lenaick; Billett, David S. M.; Cunha, Marina R.; Marchais-Laguionie, Clare; Glover, Adrian G. (2016). New <em>Prionospio</em> and <em>Aurospio</em> Species from the Deep Sea (Annelida: Polychaeta). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4092(1): 1-32., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4092.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Peixoto, Antônio João Malafaia; Paiva, Paulo Cesar de. (2019). New <i>Prionospio</i> and <i>Laubieriellus</i> (Annelida: Spionidae) species from Southeastern Brazil. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4577(3): 529-547., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4577.3.7
page(s): 531-532; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus): Genus diagnosis emended to include "Branchiae from chaetiger 2, chaetiger 3 or rarely absent. Branchiae limited to anterior chaetigers, 0-15 pairs [...]." [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sigvaldadóttir, E. (1998). Cladistic analysis and classification of <i>Prionospio</i> and related general (Polychaeta, Spionidae). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 27(3): 175-187., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1998.tb00435.x [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

identification resource Delgado-Blas, V. H. 2014. Redescriptions and reestablishments of some species belonging to the genus Prionospio (Polychaeta, Spionidae) and descriptions of three new species. Helgoland Marine Research 68(1): 113-132, available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-013-0372-1
page(s): [Key to known species of Prionospio with five pairs of branchiae] [details]   

identification resource Delgado-Blas, Víctor Hugo. (2015). <em>Prionospio</em> (Polychaeta, Spionidae) from the Grand Caribbean Region, with the descriptions of five new species and a key to species recorded in the area. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3905(1): 69-90., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3905.1.4
note: Caribbean species key [details]   

identification resource Martínez, Julián; Adarraga, Idoia. (2019). Una nueva especie del género <em>Prionospio</em> Malmgren, 1867 (Annelida, Spionidae) procedente del sureste del Golfo de Vizcaya. <em>Graellsia.</em> 75(2): e099., available online at https://doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2019.v75.244
note: includes key for all known species with only apinnate branchiae from chaetiger 2 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Malmgren (1867: 93): ''Corpus elongatum sublineare postice sensim paullum attenuatam. Lobus cephalicus brevis parte frontale parum elevata subrectangulare apice transversa. Antennae nullae. Tentaculum haud conspicuum. Oculi nulli. Tubercula setigera similia pinnis compressis parum discretis, labiis minutis, magnis foliaceis modo in segmentis 4 anticis obviis. Branchiae, paria 4, liberae in segmentis 4 anticis obviae, dorso adnatae, paris primi et quarti aequales ceteris longiores pinnatae, paris secundi et tertii multo breviores aequales filiformes. Setae in segmentis anticis modo capillares in utraque pinna, in posticis segmentis capillares et uncinatae in pinna ventrali, modo capillares in dorsali. Setae capillares versus apicem attenuatum curvatum anguste limbatae in segmentis anticis, in posticis rectae tenuissime attenuatae haud limbatae. Uncini rostrati apice limbati, vertice unidentati. Seta infima rami inferioris in segmentis mediis linearis falcis instar curvata.''
 [details]

Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type of the family Spionidae, and refers presumably to the saw-like appearance in profile of the pinnate branchiae of the genotype, Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (see Malmgren, 1867: plate IX fig. 55B). [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Type species Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]