WoRMS name details

Spongia villosa Pallas, 1766

193668  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193668)

 unaccepted (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Spongia villosa Pallas, 1766. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=193668 on 2021-07-30
Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2007-11-04 19:04:05Z
changed
2008-01-20 14:16:41Z
changed
2020-03-10 10:03:19Z
changed

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original description Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Sloane, H. (1707-1725). A voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica, with the natural history of the herbs and trees, four-footed beasts, fishes, birds, insects, reptiles etc. of the last of those Islands. London, vols 1 & 2.
page(s): pl. 23 fig. 4 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Synonymy Spongia villosa Pallas, 1766 was erected on the basis of a figure of a sponge from the beach of Jamaica in volume I of Sloane (1707: 63), which looks convincingly like the widely used species name Callyspongia (Cladochalina) vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814: 436). Lamarck indicated the same figure of Sloane (1707: 63) as the representative of his Spongia vaginalis, thus confirming inadvertently Pallas’ villosa and his vaginalis as conspecific. Pallas also indicated that Spongia aculeata Linnaeus, 1759: 1348 was included in his concept of this species, which effectively means that his name Spongia villosa is a junior synonym of Spongia aculeata (a conclusion already drawn by Esper 1794: 193), and thus also Lamarck’s Spongia vaginalis a junior synonym. A further indication of the specific properties of Spongia villosa is the reference by Pallas to Petiver (1712), in which plate 19 fig. 9 clearly depicts a specimen of what is until now understood as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) vaginalis. Both names (villosa and vaginalis are now regarded as junior synonyms of Callyspongia (Cladochalina) aculeata (Linnaeus, 1759). [details]