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Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias. S/C Tenerife. 260 pp.
Cruz, T.
Esponjas marinas de Canarias
Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias
S/C Tenerife. 260 pp.
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Canary Islands
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2013-03-22 16:34:06Z
2021-01-28 18:55:03Z

Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Acarnus (Acanthacarnus) souriei Lévi, 1952 accepted as Acarnus souriei (Lévi, 1952) (additional source)
Acarnus souriei (Lévi, 1952) (additional source)
Acervochalina parasimulans (Lévi, 1959) accepted as Chalinula parasimulans (Lévi, 1959) (additional source)
Adocia simulans (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Anchinoe fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Anchinoe tenacior Topsent, 1925 accepted as Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) (additional source)
Antho involvens (Schmidt, 1864) represented as Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 (additional source)
Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) (additional source)
Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896 (additional source)
Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922 accepted as Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957 (additional source)
Axinella pyramidata Stephens, 1916 (additional source)
Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) (additional source)
Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Cacospongia scalaris Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Scalarispongia scalaris (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Callyspongia simplex Burton, 1956 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) burtoni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (additional source)
Calthropella stelligera (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Calthropella (Corticellopsis) stelligera (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Caminus vulcani Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Chelonaplysilla noevus (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Chelonaplysilla psammophila (Topsent, 1928) (additional source)
Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) gradalis Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) toxitenuis Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathrina clathrus (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Cliona schmidtii (Ridley, 1881) (additional source)
Cliona vastifica Hancock, 1849 accepted as Pione vastifica (Hancock, 1849) (additional source)
Corallistes nolitangere Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Neophrissospongia nolitangere (Schmidt, 1870) (additional source)
Corticium candelabrum Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Crambe tailliezi Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1982 (additional source)
Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Crella fusifera Sarà, 1969 represented as Crella (Pytheas) fusifera Sarà, 1969 (additional source)
Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Dercitus (Stoeba) plicatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Desmacella grimaldii (Topsent, 1890) (additional source)
Dictyonella incisa (Schmidt, 1880) (additional source)
Dictyonella madeirensis (Topsent, 1928) (additional source)
Diplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Dysidea incrustans (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Erylus euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Erylus expletus Topsent, 1927 (additional source)
Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Halichondria agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 (additional source)
Haliclona cratera (Schmidt, 1862) represented as Haliclona (Reniera) cratera (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Haliclona fulva (Topsent, 1893) represented as Haliclona (Halichoclona) fulva (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Haliclona lacazei (Topsent, 1893) represented as Haliclona (Gellius) lacazei (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Haliclona marismedi (Pulitzer-Finali, 1978) represented as Haliclona (Gellius) marismedi (Pulitzer-Finali, 1978) (additional source)
Haliclona mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) represented as Haliclona (Soestella) mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Haliclona plana (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Xestospongia plana (Topsent, 1892) (new combination reference)
Haliclona valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) represented as Haliclona (Soestella) valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 (additional source)
Hamacantha johnsoni (Bowerbank, 1864) represented as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) johnsoni (Bowerbank, 1864) (additional source)
Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Hexadella racovitzai Topsent, 1896 (additional source)
Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Holoxea furtiva Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Hymedesmia baculifera (Topsent, 1901) represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) baculifera (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Hymedesmia coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) represented as Hymedesmia (Stylopus) coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) (additional source)
Hymedesmia longistylus Lundbeck, 1910 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) longistylus Lundbeck, 1910 (additional source)
Hymedesmia pansa Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pansa Bowerbank, 1882 (additional source)
Hymedesmia peachii Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 (additional source)
Hymedesmia versicolor (Topsent, 1893) represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) versicolor (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Hymerhabdia typica Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Jaspis johnstonii (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Latrunculia cratera du Bocage, 1869 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) cratera du Bocage, 1869 (additional source)
Leuconia nivea (Grant, 1826) (additional source)
Merlia normani Kirkpatrick, 1908 (additional source)
Mycale (Aegogropila) syrinx (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Mycale (Carmia) micracanthoxea Buizer & van Soest, 1977 (additional source)
Mycale (Mycale) massa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Myriastra digitifera Lévi, 1959 accepted as Stelletta digitifera (Lévi, 1959) (additional source)
Myriastra paucistellata Lévi, 1952 accepted as Stelletta paucistellata (Lévi, 1952) (additional source)
Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Oligoceras collectrix Schulze, 1880 accepted as Hyrtios collectrix (Schulze, 1880) (additional source)
Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866 (additional source)
Ophlitaspongia translata Pulitzer-Finali, 1978 accepted as Echinoclathria translata (Pulitzer-Finali, 1978) (additional source)
Oscarella lobularis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Pachymatisma johnstonia (Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Pellina fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Haliclona (Halichoclona) fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (new combination reference)
Penares candidata (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Penares candidatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (additional source)
Phakellia robusta Bowerbank, 1866 (additional source)
Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Placospongia decorticans (Hanitsch, 1895) (additional source)
Plakortis simplex Schulze, 1880 (additional source)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Acarnus (Acanthacarnus) souriei Lévi, 1952 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Acervochalina parasimulans (Lévi, 1959) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Adocia simulans (Johnston, 1842) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Anchinoe fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Anchinoe tenacior Topsent, 1925 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Antho involvens (Schmidt, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella pyramidata Stephens, 1916 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cacospongia scalaris Schmidt, 1862 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Callyspongia simplex Burton, 1956 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Calthropella stelligera (Schmidt, 1868) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Caminus vulcani Schmidt, 1862  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Chelonaplysilla noevus (Carter, 1876) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Chelonaplysilla psammophila (Topsent, 1928) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathria (Microciona) gradalis Topsent, 1925 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathria (Microciona) spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathria (Microciona) toxitenuis Topsent, 1925 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Clathrina clathrus (Schmidt, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cliona schmidtii (Ridley, 1881) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cliona vastifica Hancock, 1849 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Corallistes nolitangere Schmidt, 1870 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Corticium candelabrum Schmidt, 1862 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Crambe tailliezi Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1982 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Desmacella grimaldii (Topsent, 1890) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Dictyonella incisa (Schmidt, 1880) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Dictyonella madeirensis (Topsent, 1928) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Diplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Dysidea incrustans (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Erylus euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Erylus expletus Topsent, 1927 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Halichondria agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona (Gellius) marismedi (Pulitzer-Finali, 1978) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona cratera (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona fulva (Topsent, 1893) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona lacazei (Topsent, 1893) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona plana (Topsent, 1892) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Haliclona valliculata (Griessinger, 1971) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hamacantha johnsoni (Bowerbank, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hexadella racovitzai Topsent, 1896 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Holoxea furtiva Topsent, 1892 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia (Stylopus) coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia baculifera (Topsent, 1901) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia longistylus Lundbeck, 1910 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia pansa Bowerbank, 1882 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia peachii Bowerbank, 1882 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymedesmia versicolor (Topsent, 1893) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hymerhabdia typica Topsent, 1892 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Latrunculia cratera du Bocage, 1869 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Leuconia aspera (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Leuconia nivea (Grant, 1826) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Leucosolenia variabilis Haeckel, 1870 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Merlia normani Kirkpatrick, 1908 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Mycale (Aegogropila) syrinx (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Mycale (Carmia) micracanthoxea Buizer & van Soest, 1977 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Mycale (Mycale) massa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Oligoceras collectrix Schulze, 1880 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Ophlitaspongia translata Pulitzer-Finali, 1978 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Oscarella lobularis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Pachymatisma johnstonia (Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Azores Canaries Madeira for Pellina fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Penares candidata (Schmidt, 1868) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 

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