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Van Soest, R.W.M. (2024). Correcting sponge names: nomenclatural update of lower taxa level Porifera. Zootaxa. 5398(1): 1-122.
477099
10.11646/zootaxa.5398.1.1 [view]
Van Soest, R.W.M.
2024
Correcting sponge names: nomenclatural update of lower taxa level Porifera
Zootaxa
5398(1): 1-122
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The online World Porifera Database (WPD), the Porifera part of the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), lists virtually all published scientific names of sponges. The names of the WPD (as indeed all names in WoRMS) are guided by the Code of the International Comnission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The WPD names include all currently accepted as well as original combinations, and a majority of non-accepted non-original combinations. Currently, among the accepted names about 200 original lower taxa combinations were found to be accepted by default, usually varieties or formae, which were given that status in the WPD because there was no sufficient published information to support arguments for or against the accepted status. After 1961, varieties and formae are considered infrasubspecific taxa whose names are not regulated by the Code and the names are unavailable, but prior to that date these trinominal taxa are potential available names. It is the purpose of the present study to evaluate these original default ‘accepted’ combinations and arrive at an argumented judgement on whether they are to be truly accepted or non-accepted. Furthermore, additional lower taxa name violations of the Code are also included. Overall, there are three categories of names of lower taxa treated here, (1) with combinations, which are judged to be accepted with elevated status as (sub)specific taxa, (2) with combinations judged to be junior synonyms, and (3) with combinations, which are violating articles of the Code. Among the last category there are a small number of varietal taxa described after the 1960 cut-off date, which are unavailable but are proposed to have the original name combination retained, but as new names with authorship and year changed to those of the present article. Also, names found to be unavailable for various reasons (four-name combinations, junior homonyms, phylocode names) are in this category. The following 31 new names are proposed (three of which are junior synonyms of senior accepted names, and an additional three are unavailable names made available by employing the same name combination with the present authorship and year): Aaptos hoshinoi nom.nov., Ancorina nanosclera nom.nov., Axinella kurushima nom.nov., Callyspongia (Cladochalina) desqueyrouxfaundezae nom.nov., Cliona carpenteri subsp. hentscheli nom.nov., Callyspongia (Toxochalina) gustavoi nom.nov., Craniella microspira nom.nov., Dictyaulus romani nom.nov., Grantia breitfussi nom.nov., Haliclona alba subsp. albapontica nom.nov., Haliclona aquaeductus subsp. sebastopolensis nom.nov., Haliclona inflata subsp. vladimiri nom.nov., Haliclona informis subsp. voldomaroi nom. nov., Haliclona palmata subsp. pontuseuxiniensis nom.nov., Haliclona (Gellius) arthuri nom.nov., Haliclona (Gellius) godthaabae nom.nov., Haliclona merguiensis nom.nov., Haliclona senjitanitai nom.nov., Iophon hentscheli nom.nov., Leucandra wilsoni nom.nov., Paraleucilla bassensis nom.nov. (= P. saccharata), Pione carpenteri subsp. hentscheli nom.nov., Psammocinia samaaii nom.nov., Protoschmidtia czerniavskyi nom.nov. (= Metschnikowia tuberculata), Reiswiginella nom.nov., Scalarispongia lamarcki nom.nov., Spheciospongia hentscheli nom.nov., Spongia (Spongia) vonlendenfeldi nom.nov. (= S. (S.) lignosa), Suberites austral nom.nov., Suberites dendyi nom.nov., Suberites simae nom.nov., and Timea levii nom.nov.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2024-01-09 09:44:17Z
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2024-01-09 12:58:01Z
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2024-01-14 15:11:56Z
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Aaptos aaptos var. nigra Topsent, 1934 accepted as Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) (basis of record)
Aaptos aaptos var. nigra Lévi, 1961 accepted as Aaptos lobata Calcinai, Bastari, Bertolino & Pansini, 2017 (basis of record)
Aaptos hoshinoi Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Aaptos niger Hoshino, 1981 accepted as Aaptos hoshinoi Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Acanthella aculeata var. inconspicua Thiele, 1898 accepted as Acanthella aculeata Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Agelas mauritiana (Carter, 1883) (basis of record)
Agelas oxeata Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019 (basis of record)
Amorphina caspia var. incrassata Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Metschnikowia tuberculata Grimm, 1877 (basis of record)
Amorphina caspia var. incrustans Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Metschnikowia tuberculata Grimm, 1877 (basis of record)
Amorphina grossa f. latissima Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) grossa (Schmidt, 1864) (basis of record)
Ancorina nanosclera Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Ancorina radix Marenzeller, 1889 (additional source)
Aplysina mollis var. aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Suberea mollis (Row, 1911) (basis of record)
Artemisina arcigera var. spiceps Rezvoi, 1925 accepted as Artemisina arcigera (Schmidt, 1870) (basis of record)
Artemisina plumosa var. lipochela Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Artemisina plumosa Hentschel, 1914 (basis of record)
Artemisina strongyla Hentschel, 1914 (status source)
Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) biserialis var. californiana de Laubenfels, 1935 accepted as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) californiana De Laubenfels, 1935 (basis of record)
Auletta elongata var. fruticosa Dendy, 1916 accepted as Auletta elongata Dendy, 1905 (basis of record)
Auletta lyrata var. crassispiculata Dendy, 1905 accepted as Auletta lyrata (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Auletta lyrata var. glomerata Dendy, 1905 accepted as Auletta aurantiaca Dendy, 1889 (basis of record)
Axinella elongata var. tenuispicula (Thum, 1903) accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Axinella kurushima Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Axinella profunda var. kurushima Tanita, 1961 accepted as Axinella kurushima Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Cacochalina digitata var. pontica Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Haliclona pontica (Czerniavsky, 1880) (basis of record)
Cacospongia dendroides var. dendroides Poléjaeff, 1884 accepted as Ircinia polejaeffi Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (basis of record)
Cacospongia dendroides var. dura Poléjaeff, 1884 accepted as Ircinia polejaeffi Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (source of synonymy)
Cacospongia dendroides var. friabilis Poléjaeff, 1884 accepted as Ircinia friabilis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (basis of record)
Callyspongia (Cladochalina) desqueyrouxfaundezae Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Callyspongia (Toxochalina) gustavoi Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Ceraochalina multiformis Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) nuda (Ridley, 1884) (taxonomy source)
Ceraochalina multiformis var. multiformis Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) nuda (Ridley, 1884) (new combination reference)
Ceraochalina reticutis var. salomonensis Dendy, 1922 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) salomonensis (Dendy, 1922) (new combination reference)
Chalinissa elongata var. tenuispicula Thum, 1903 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Chondrilla caribensis f. caribensis Rützler, Duran & Piantoni, 2007 accepted as Chondrilla caribensis Rützler, Duran & Piantoni, 2007 (basis of record)
Chondrilla caribensis f. hermatypica Rützler, Duran & Piantoni, 2007 accepted as Chondrilla caribensis Rützler, Duran & Piantoni, 2007 (basis of record)
Cliona argus var. laevicollis Thiele, 1898 accepted as Cliona argus Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Cliona carpenteri var. gracilis Hentschel, 1909 accepted as Pione carpenteri hentscheli Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Craniella cranium f. microspira Lévi, 1967 accepted as Craniella microspira Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Craniella microspira Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Cymbaxinella Gazave, Carteron, Chenuil, Richelle-Maurer, Boury-Esnault & Borchiellini, 2010 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (basis of record)
Dactyloclona Leal, Moraes, Thompson & Hajdu, 2017 accepted as Dactylia Carter, 1885 (basis of record)
Dactyspicula Leal, Moraes, Thompson & Hajdu, 2017 accepted as Arenosclera Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 (basis of record)
Depressiogeodia Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (basis of record)
Dictyaulus romani Van Soest, 2024 (replacement name source)
Discodermia emarginata var. lamellaris Wilson, 1925 accepted as Discodermia emarginata Dendy, 1905 (basis of record)
Dysidea dubia (Hyatt, 1877) (basis of record)
Dysidea excavata (Hyatt, 1877) (new combination reference)
Dysidea mollior (Hyatt, 1877) (new combination reference)
Dysidea rigida (Hyatt, 1877) (basis of record)
Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum var. tenuiramosum (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) (status source)
Esperiopsis challengeri var. meangensis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Esperiopsis challengeri (Ridley, 1885) (basis of record)
Esperiopsis macrosigma var. novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 accepted as Esperiopsis novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 (basis of record)
Euspongia canaliculata var. dura Lendenfeld, 1886 accepted as Hippospongia canaliculata (Lendenfeld, 1886) (basis of record)
Euspongia irregularis Lendenfeld, 1886 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (basis of record)
Euspongia officinalis var. exigua Schulze, 1879 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (basis of record)
Gelliodes benedeni var. fortior Topsent, 1917 accepted as Gelliodes fortior Topsent, 1917 (new combination reference)
Gelliodes carnosa var. laxa Dendy, 1922 accepted as Gelliodes carnosa Dendy, 1889 (basis of record)
Gelliodes fayalensis var. minor Topsent, 1928 accepted as Gelliodes fayalensis Topsent, 1892 (basis of record)
Gelliodes fortior Topsent, 1917 (new combination reference)
Gellius calyx var. indica Dendy, 1922 accepted as Hemigellius calyx var. indica (Dendy, 1922) (basis of record)
Gellius glacialis var. nivea Ridley & Dendy, 1887 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) glacialis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Gellius tubuloramosus Dendy, 1924 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) arthuri Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Geodia (Isops) ovifractus var. cyathioides Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia ovifractus Burton, 1926 (basis of record)
Geodia ataxastra var. angustana Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia ataxastra Lendenfeld, 1910 (additional source)
Geodia ataxastra var. latana Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia ataxastra Lendenfeld, 1910 (basis of record)
Geodia hilgendorfi Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia hilgendorfi var. granosa Thiele, 1898 accepted as Geodia hilgendorfi Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia hilgendorfi var. typica Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia hilgendorfi Thiele, 1898 (additional source)
Geodia japonica var. spherulifera Wilson, 1925 accepted as Geodia japonica (Sollas, 1888) (basis of record)
Geodia megastrella var. laevispina Carter, 1876 accepted as Geodia megastrella Carter, 1876 (basis of record)
Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia variospiculosa var. aapta Lebwohl, 1914 accepted as Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia variospiculosa var. intermedia Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia variospiculosa var. micraster Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geodia variospiculosa var. typica Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Geostelletta Cardenas, Xavier, Reveillaud, Schrander & Rapp, 2011 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (status source)
Grantia capillosa var. longipilis sensu Breitfuss, 1896 accepted as Grantia breitfussi Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Grantia ciliata var. spinispiculum Carter, 1876 accepted as Sycon raphanus Schmidt, 1862 (basis of record)
Halichondria bowerbanki var. stellifera Breton, Girard & Lagardère, 1995 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (basis of record)
Halichondria hirsuta Fleming, 1828 (basis of record)
Halichondria panicea var. hemispherica Dendy, 1905 accepted as Topsentia hemispherica (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Haliclona (Gellius) arthuri Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona (Gellius) carduus magellanica (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (status source)
Haliclona (Gellius) godthaabae Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona alba albapontica Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona aquaeductus sebastopolensis Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona caucasica (Czerniavsky, 1880) (new combination reference)
Haliclona digitata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989 accepted as Haliclona senjitanitai Van Soest, 1924 (replacement name source)
Haliclona foraminosa var. actinieformis (Czerniavsky, 1880) (basis of record)
Haliclona inflata vladimiri Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona informis var. taurica (Czerniavsky, 1880) accepted as Haliclona informis voldomaroi Van Soest, 2024 (basis of record)
Haliclona informis voldomaroi Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona merguiensis Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona palmata pontuseuxiniensis Van Soest, 2024 (original description)
Haliclona senjitanitai Van Soest, 1924 (original description)
Haliclona simplex f. taurica (Czerniavsky, 1880) accepted as Haliclona caucasica (Czerniavsky, 1880) (basis of record)
Halisarca australiensis var. arenacea Carter, 1886 accepted as Halisarca australiensis Carter, 1885 (basis of record)
Hemigellius calyx (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Higginsia liberiensis Higgin, 1877 (basis of record)
Hippospongia equina var. meandriniformis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Hippospongia gossypina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongelia dubia Hyatt, 1877 
New Caledonia for Callyspongia (Cladochalina) desqueyrouxfaundezae Van Soest, 2024 
Nontype BMNH 1933.8.5.1, geounit Ghanaian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Higginsia coralloides var. liberiensis Higgin, 1877
Holotype MNHN IP-2015-1050, geounit Natal, identified as Ancorina nanosclera Van Soest, 2024
Paratype MNHN IP-2015-1064, geounit Agulhas Bank, identified as Craniella microspira Van Soest, 2024
Holotype MNHN IP-2015-1065, geounit Agulhas Bank, identified as Craniella microspira Van Soest, 2024
 Homonymy

Senior secondary homonym of Reniera velamentosa Hansen, 1885. The homonymy is removed because both homonyms are ... [details]

 Validity

Hyatt’s name is not an available name (as it has a fourth name, ICZN art. 45.5). I propose to assign this ... [details]



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