WoRMS taxon details

Bittium J. E. Gray, 1847

137758  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137758)

accepted
Genus
Bittium (Bittium) J. E. Gray, 1847 · alternate representation
Bittium (Brachybittium) Weisbord, 1962 · alternate representation
Bittium (Rasbittium) Gründel, 1976 · unaccepted (junior objective synonym of...)  
junior objective synonym of Manobittium
Cerithiolum Tiberi, 1869 · unaccepted (junior objective synonym of...)  
junior objective synonym of Bittium
Cerithium (Bittium) J. E. Gray, 1847 · unaccepted > superseded rank
Potamides (Bittium) J. E. Gray, 1847 · unaccepted > superseded rank

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  1. Species Bittium aedonium (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  2. Species Bittium amboynense (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  3. Species Bittium anembatum (Melvill, 1904)
  4. Species Bittium arenaense Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1951
  5. Species Bittium arnoldi Bartsch, 1911
  6. Species Bittium atramentarium Melvill & Standen, 1901
  7. Species Bittium bandatum Bozzetti, 2019
  8. Species Bittium bartolomense Bartsch, 1917
  9. Species Bittium batillarium (Kuroda & Habe, 1971)
  10. Species Bittium casmaliense Bartsch, 1911
  11. Species Bittium cerralvoense Bartsch, 1911
  12. Species Bittium challisae Bartsch, 1917
  13. Species Bittium chrysomallum Melvill, 1901
  14. Species Bittium circa Moreno, 2006
  15. Species Bittium decussatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1857)
  16. Species Bittium delicatum (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  17. Species Bittium depauperatum R. B. Watson, 1897
  18. Species Bittium diminutivum (R. A. Philippi, 1845)
  19. Species Bittium elegantissimum (Hedley, 1899)
  20. Species Bittium giganteum Bartsch, 1911
  21. Species Bittium glareosum A. Gould, 1861
  22. Species Bittium impendens (Hedley, 1899)
  23. Species Bittium incile R. B. Watson, 1897
  24. Species Bittium insulsum Preston, 1908
  25. Species Bittium lacteum (R. A. Philippi, 1836)
  26. Species Bittium latreillii (Payraudeau, 1826)
  27. Species Bittium lusciniae (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  28. Species Bittium mexicanum Bartsch, 1911
  29. Species Bittium midwayense Kosuge, 1979
  30. Species Bittium nanum (Mayer, 1864)
  31. Species Bittium nicholsi Bartsch, 1911
  32. Species Bittium nitens P. P. Carpenter, 1864
  33. Species Bittium ornatissimum Bartsch, 1911
  34. Species Bittium panamense Bartsch, 1911
  35. Species Bittium peruvianum (d'Orbigny, 1841)
  36. Species Bittium philomelae (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  37. Species Bittium pigrum (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  38. Species Bittium porcellanum R. B. Watson, 1886
  39. Species Bittium pupiforme (R. B. Watson, 1880)
  40. Species Bittium quadricinctum E. A. Smith, 1903
  41. Species Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778)
  42. Species Bittium santamariense Bartsch, 1917
  43. Species Bittium simplex (Jeffreys, 1867)
  44. Species Bittium vancouverense Dall & Bartsch, 1910
  45. Species Bittium watsoni (Jeffreys, 1885)
  46. Species Bittium xanthum R. B. Watson, 1886
  47. Subgenus Bittium (Bittinella) Dall, 1924 accepted as Bittinella Dall, 1924 (original rank)
  48. Subgenus Bittium (Bittiolum) Cossmann, 1906 accepted as Bittiolum Cossmann, 1906
    1. Subgenus Bittium (Cerithidium) Monterosato, 1884 accepted as Cerithidium Monterosato, 1884
      1. Species Bittium (Cerithidium) submammillatum (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854) accepted as Cerithidium submammillatum (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854)
    2. Subgenus Bittium (Lirobittium) Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium Bartsch, 1911 (original rank)
      1. Species Bittium (Lirobittium) arenaense Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1951 accepted as Bittium arenaense Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1951
      2. Species Bittium (Lirobittium) asperum (Gabb, 1861) accepted as Lirobittium asperum (Gabb, 1861)
      3. Species Bittium (Lirobittium) catalinense Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium purpureum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
    3. Subgenus Bittium (Rasbittium) Gründel, 1976 accepted as Bittium J. E. Gray, 1847 (junior objective synonym of Manobittium)
      1. Species Bittium (Rasbittium) latreillii (Payraudeau, 1826) accepted as Bittium latreillii (Payraudeau, 1826)
    4. Subgenus Bittium (Semibittium) Cossmann, 1896 accepted as Semibittium Cossmann, 1896 † (original rank)
      1. Species Bittium (Semibittium) rugatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirobittium rugatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
    5. Subgenus Bittium (Stylidium) Dall, 1907 accepted as Stylidium Dall, 1907 accepted as Neostylidium Doweld, 2013 (original rank)
      1. Species Bittium (Stylidium) batillarium (Kuroda & Habe, 1971) accepted as Bittium batillarium (Kuroda & Habe, 1971) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      2. Species Bittium (Stylidium) eschrichtii (Middendorff, 1849) accepted as Neostylidium eschrichtii (Middendorff, 1849)
      3. Species Bittium (Stylidium) paganicum (Dall, 1919) accepted as Lirobittium paganicum (Dall, 1919)
    6. Subgenus Bittium (Zebittium) Finlay, 1926 accepted as Zebittium H. J. Finlay, 1926
      1. Species Bittium abruptum (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Metaxia abrupta (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      2. Species Bittium acutangulum Yokoyama, 1924 accepted as Plesiotrochus acutangulus (Yokoyama, 1924)
      3. Species Bittium adamsi Dall, 1889 accepted as Finella adamsi (Dall, 1889) (original combination)
      4. Species Bittium aeolomitres Melvill & Standen, 1896 accepted as Horologica aeolomitres (Melvill & Standen, 1896) (superseded combination)
      5. Species Bittium albocinctum Melvill & Standen, 1896 accepted as Costulopsis albocincta (Melvill & Standen, 1896) (original combination)
      6. Species Bittium alternatum (Say, 1822) accepted as Bittiolum alternatum (Say, 1822)
      7. Species Bittium alutaceum A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Cerithium alutaceum (A. Gould, 1861) (original combination)
      8. Species Bittium amblyterum (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Cerithiella amblytera (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      9. Species Bittium armillatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirobittium armillatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      10. Species Bittium astrolabiensis Strebel, 1908 accepted as Cerithiella astrolabiensis (Strebel, 1908) (original combination)
      11. Species Bittium attenuatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirobittium attenuatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (original combination)
      12. Species Bittium atticum F. Nordsieck, 1977 accepted as Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778)
      13. Species Bittium bisculptum Strebel, 1908 accepted as Cerithiella bisculpta (Strebel, 1908)
      14. Species Bittium boeticum (Pease, 1861) accepted as Cerithium boeticum Pease, 1861 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      15. Species Bittium brucei Melvill & Standen, 1912 accepted as Joculator brucei (Melvill & Standen, 1912) (original combination)
      16. Species Bittium burdwoodianum Melvill & Standen, 1912 accepted as Cerithiella burdwoodiana (Melvill & Standen, 1912) (original combination)
      17. Species Bittium californicum Dall & Bartsch, 1901 accepted as Alabina californica (Dall & Bartsch, 1901) (original combination)
      18. Species Bittium catalinense Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium purpureum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      19. Species Bittium cinereoflavum Mörch, 1876 accepted as Cerithiopsis cinereoflava (Mörch, 1876) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      20. Species Bittium cylindricum (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Socienna cylindrica (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      21. Species Bittium diplax R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Cerithidium diplax (R. B. Watson, 1886) (original combination)
      22. Species Bittium eburneum Locard, 1897 accepted as Abyssochrysos eburneus (Locard, 1897) (original combination)
      23. Species Bittium enode (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Cerithiella enodis (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      24. Species Bittium eolomitres Melvill & Standen, 1896 accepted as Horologica eolomitres (Melvill & Standen, 1896) (original combination)
      25. Species Bittium eschrichtii (Middendorff, 1849) accepted as Neostylidium eschrichtii (Middendorff, 1849)
      26. Species Bittium estuarinum Tate, 1893 accepted as Zeacumantus plumbeus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855)
      27. Species Bittium exile (F. W. Hutton, 1873) accepted as Zebittium exile (F. W. Hutton, 1873) (superseded combination)
      28. Species Bittium fastigiatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Bittiolum fastigiatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      29. Species Bittium fetellum Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium fetellum (Bartsch, 1911) (original combination)
      30. Species Bittium furvum R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Cacozeliana furva (R. B. Watson, 1886) (original combination)
      31. Species Bittium fuscocapitulum Hedley & Petterd, 1906 accepted as Cacozeliana fuscocapitulum (Hedley & Petterd, 1906) (original combination)
      32. Species Bittium gemmatum (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Bittium watsoni (Jeffreys, 1885)
      33. Species Bittium granarium (Kiener, 1841) accepted as Cacozeliana granarium (Kiener, 1841) (chresonym)
      34. Species Bittium hanleyanum Monterosato, 1889 accepted as Bittium simplex (Jeffreys, 1867) (synonym)
      35. Species Bittium hiloense Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908 accepted as Bittinella hiloensis (Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908) (original combination)
      36. Species Bittium houbricki Ponder, 1993 accepted as Ittibittium houbricki (Ponder, 1993) (original combination)
      37. Species Bittium ianthinum (A. Gould, 1849) accepted as Cerithium zebrum Kiener, 1841 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      38. Species Bittium icarus (Bayle, 1880) accepted as Cacozeliana icarus (Bayle, 1880) (chresonym)
      39. Species Bittium interfossa (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirobittium interfossa (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      40. Species Bittium jadertinum (Brusina, 1865) accepted as Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778)
      41. Species Bittium johnstonae Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium johnstonae (Bartsch, 1911) (original combination)
      42. Species Bittium larum Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium larum (Bartsch, 1911) (original combination)
      43. Species Bittium latreillei [sic] accepted as Bittium latreillii (Payraudeau, 1826) (misspelling)
      44. Species Bittium lawleyanum Crosse, 1863 accepted as Zeacumantus plumbeus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855)
      45. Species Bittium leucocephalum R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Argyropeza leucocephala (R. B. Watson, 1886) (original combination)
      46. Species Bittium mamillanum (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Cerithiella amblytera (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      47. Species Bittium marileutes Melvill & Standen, 1896 accepted as Joculator marileutes (Melvill & Standen, 1896) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
      48. Species Bittium michaelseni Strebel, 1905 accepted as Eumetula michaelseni (Strebel, 1905) (original combination)
      49. Species Bittium minutulum Thiele, 1930 accepted as Batillariella minutula (Thiele, 1930) (original combination)
      50. Species Bittium munitum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirobittium munitum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      51. Species Bittium nigrum (Totten, 1834) accepted as Bittiolum alternatum (Say, 1822) (chresonym)
      52. Species Bittium oldroydae Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium oldroydae (Bartsch, 1911) (original combination)
      53. Species Bittium oosimense (R. B. Watson, 1880) accepted as Plesiotrochus oosimensis (R. B. Watson, 1880)
      54. Species Bittium oryza (Mörch, 1876) accepted as Ittibittium oryza (Mörch, 1876) (chresonym)
      55. Species Bittium parcum A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Ittibittium parcum (A. Gould, 1861) (original combination)
      56. Species Bittium perparvulum R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Cerithidium perparvulum (R. B. Watson, 1886) (original combination)
      57. Species Bittium perpusillum Tryon, 1887 accepted as Bittium glareosum A. Gould, 1861
      58. Species Bittium proteum (Jousseaume, 1931) accepted as Dahlakia proteum (Jousseaume, 1931)
      59. Species Bittium purpureum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirobittium purpureum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (original combination)
      60. Species Bittium pusillum (Gould, 1851) accepted as Cerithium boeticum Pease, 1861
      61. Species Bittium quadrifilatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirobittium quadrifilatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (original combination)
      62. Species Bittium ragusianum Locard & Caziot, 1900 accepted as Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778) (synonym)
      63. Species Bittium retiferum Suter, 1908 accepted as Specula retifera (Suter, 1908) (superseded combination)
      64. Species Bittium rugatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirobittium rugatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (original combination)
      65. Species Bittium scabrum (Olivi, 1792) accepted as Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778) (junior synonym)
      66. Species Bittium semilaevis Tenison Woods, 1878 accepted as Zaclys semilaevis (Tenison Woods, 1878) (original combination)
      67. Species Bittium seymourianum Strebel, 1908 accepted as Cerithiella seymouriana (Strebel, 1908) (original combination)
      68. Species Bittium submammillatum (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854) accepted as Cerithidium submammillatum (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854)
      69. Species Bittium subplanatum Bartsch, 1911 accepted as Lirobittium rugatum (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      70. Species Bittium tenthrenois Melvill, 1896 accepted as Cerithiopsis tenthrenois (Melvill, 1896) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      71. Species Bittium torresiense Melvill & Standen, 1899 accepted as Bittium elegantissimum (Hedley, 1899)
      72. Species Bittium tricarinatum Pease, 1861 accepted as Metaxia tricarinata (Pease, 1861) (original combination)
      73. Species Bittium tumidum Bartsch, 1907 accepted as Cerithiopsis tumida (Bartsch, 1907)
      74. Species Bittium turbonilloides Tenison Woods, 1879 accepted as Specula turbonilloides (Tenison Woods, 1879)
      75. Species Bittium turritelliformis Angas, 1877 accepted as Seilarex turritelliformis (Angas, 1877) (original combination)
      76. Species Bittium urashimanum Nomura & Niino, 1940 accepted as Tachyrhynchus urashimanus (Nomura & Niino, 1940) (original combination)
      77. Species Bittium uveanum Melvill & Standen, 1896 accepted as Joculator uveanus (Melvill & Standen, 1896) (original combination)
      78. Species Bittium variegatum Brazier, 1894 accepted as Cacozeliana variegata (Brazier, 1894) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      79. Species Bittium variegatum Kuroda & Habe, 1971 accepted as Cerithium variegatum (Kuroda & Habe, 1971) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      80. Species Bittium varium (L. Pfeiffer, 1840) accepted as Bittiolum varium (L. Pfeiffer, 1840) (chresonym)
      81. Species Bittium vitreum Suter, 1908 accepted as Tasmalira vitrea (Suter, 1908) (superseded combination)
      82. Species Bittium yucatecanum Dall, 1881 accepted as Mathilda yucatecana (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
      83. Species Bittium zebrum (Kiener, 1841) accepted as Cerithium zebrum Kiener, 1841
      84. Subgenus Bittium (Bittium) J. E. Gray, 1847 represented as Bittium J. E. Gray, 1847
        1. Species Bittium (Bittium) urashimanum Nomura & Niino, 1940 accepted as Tachyrhynchus urashimanus (Nomura & Niino, 1940)
        2. Species Bittium (Bittium) reticulatum (da Costa, 1778) represented as Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778)
      85. Subgenus Bittium (Brachybittium) Weisbord, 1962 represented as Bittium J. E. Gray, 1847
        1. Species Bittium (Brachybittium) caraboboense Weisbord, 1962 represented as Bittium caraboboense (Weisbord, 1962) (original combination)
      86. Species Bittium alabastrulum (Mörch, 1876) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      87. Species Bittium caraboboense (Weisbord, 1962) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      88. Species Bittium caudatum Melvill, 1904 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      89. Species Bittium craticulatum A. Gould, 1861 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      90. Species Bittium galactis Mörch, 1876 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      91. Species Bittium gravelyi Preston, 1916 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      92. Species Bittium lima (Bruguière, 1792) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      93. Species Bittium maximum F. Nordsieck & García-Talavera, 1979 (uncertain > unassessed, junior homonym of Bittium depauperatum maximum F. Nordsieck, 1976)
      94. Species Bittium parvulum Nardini, 1934 † (uncertain)
      95. Species Bittium perspicum G. B. Sowerby III, 1916 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, use in recent liteature currently undocumented)
      96. Species Bittium sanjuanensis Bartsch, 1917 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      97. Species Bittium serra Bartsch, 1917 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      marine, fresh, terrestrial
      recent + fossil
      Gray, J. E. (1847). On the classification of the British Mollusca by W E Leach. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (1) 20: 267-273., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2278926
      page(s): 270 [details]   
      MolluscaBase eds. (2023). MolluscaBase. Bittium J. E. Gray, 1847. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137758 on 2023-12-02
      Date
      action
      by
      2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
      created
      2010-10-31 21:03:08Z
      changed
      2010-11-01 08:46:33Z
      changed
      2010-11-01 13:33:31Z
      changed
      2011-03-17 21:26:04Z
      changed
      2014-01-18 22:20:06Z
      changed
      2017-08-14 08:06:57Z
      changed
      2023-12-01 17:48:52Z
      changed

      Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


      original description Gray, J. E. (1847). On the classification of the British Mollusca by W E Leach. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (1) 20: 267-273., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2278926
      page(s): 270 [details]   

      original description  (of Bittium (Rasbittium) Gründel, 1976) Gründel J. (1976). Zur Taxonomie und Phylogenie der <i>Bittium</i>-Gruppe (Gastropoda, Cerithiacea). <em>Malakologische Abhandlungen.</em> 5(3): 33-59.
      page(s): 53 [details]   

      context source (PeRMS) Ramírez, R.; Paredes, C.; Arenas, J. (2003). Moluscos del Perú. <em>Revista de Biologia Tropical.</em> 51(supplement 3): 225-284. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

      additional source Verduin A. (1982). On the taxonomy and variability of recent european species of the genus <i>Bittium</i> Leach (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Prosobranchia). <i>Basteria 46</i>: 93-120, available online at http://natuurtijdschriften.nl/download?type=document&docid=596759 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

      additional source Houbrick, R. S. (1977). Reevaluation and new description of the genus <i>Bittium</i> (Cerithiidae). <em>The Veliger.</em> 20 (2): 101-106., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42432299 [details]   

      additional source Gründel J. (1976). Zur Taxonomie und Phylogenie der <i>Bittium</i>-Gruppe (Gastropoda, Cerithiacea). <em>Malakologische Abhandlungen.</em> 5(3): 33-59. [details]   

      subsequent type designation Gray, J. E. (1847). A list of the genera of recent Mollusca, their synonyma and types. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> (1847) 15: 129-219. [November 1847]., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12862913
      page(s): 154 [details]   
       
       Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
      From other sources
      Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]